Revisions In Paleotropical Vernonieae (Asteraceae)
The paleotropical subtribes Erlangeinae, Centrapalinae and Gymnantheminae are described as new. Fourteen paleotropical genera are described, raised from lower rank, resurrected, enlarged or reduced with 110 new combinations. Cabobanthus (2 spp.), Hilliardiella (8 spp.), Orbivcstus (4 spp.), Vemoniastrum (8 spp.), Koyamasia (1 sp.), Brenandendron (3 spp.), Myanmaria (1 sp.) and Manyonia (1 sp.) are described as new. Oocephala (S. B. Jones) H. Rob. (2 spp.) and Lampropappits (O. Hoffm.) H. Rob. (3 spp.) are elevated to generic rank. Four genera are resurrected, the Asian Acilepis D. Don with 9 of 10 species newly combined, the African Bechiwn DC. (2 spp.), Centrapaliis Cass. (9 spp.), Linzia Sch. Bip. ex Walp. with 5 of 7 species newly transferred, and Polydora Fenzl (8 spp.). One species is transferred to make a total of 27 in Distephanus, 4 species are transferred to total 7 in Cyanthillium, and 39 species are transferred to total 43 in Gymnantheinum. Lamprachaeniwn Benth. is synonymized with Phyllocephalum Blume with 1 species transferred.