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A bibliography of human nutrition and food in Papua New Guinea during the last decade (1990-2000) (version 3)

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Abstract

This bibliography lists publications on human nutrition and food in Papua New Guinea (and to a lesser extent Irian Jaya/West Papua) for the last decade. It is intended as a background resource, bringing together a considerable body of materials many of which may not usually be indexed in electronic databases. It is a working document only, and thus contains some errors, duplications and uneven reference formats. It is biased toward published material and undoubtedly only scratches the surface of the large “grey “ literature of unpublished government, NGO and consultancy documents. The listing is focussed on items concerned primarily with human nutrition and food, and thus spans a large fuzzily defined area located between the giants of medicine and agriculture. Obviously, in a country in which subsistence food production is of major significance, there is a large area of potential overlap with the huge literature on agriculture and food production, as well as that of ethnography. With a few exceptions, however, references on agriculture and food production have been excluded, unless they also provide information concerning food intake or nutrient composition. Similarly, much of the general ethnographic literature, which often minimally contains information on food, has not been included. There are three reasons for this specific focus: first, and practically, it limits what would otherwise be a much larger and unwieldy bibliography; secondly, it allow more emphasis on material which is sometimes swamped by the three major areas of agriculture, ethnography and medical research; and thirdly, the latter areas are served already by a range of existing bibliographies and databases.
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A bibliography of human nutrition and food in Papua New Guinea
during the last decade (1990-2000) (version 3)
Compiled by Robin Hide
May 2000
V3 (March 2001)
Address: Department of Anthropology, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National
University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
E-mail: robin.hide@anu.edu.au
Introduction
This bibliography lists publications on human nutrition and food in Papua New Guinea (and to a lesser extent
Irian Jaya/West Papua) for the last decade. It is intended as a background resource, bringing together a
considerable body of materials many of which may not usually be indexed in electronic databases. It is a
working document only, and thus contains some errors, duplications and uneven reference formats. It is biased
toward published material and undoubtedly only scratches the surface of the large “grey “ literature of
unpublished government, NGO and consultancy documents.
The listing is focussed on items concerned primarily with human nutrition and food, and thus spans a large
fuzzily defined area located between the giants of medicine and agriculture. Obviously, in a country in which
subsistence food production is of major significance, there is a large area of potential overlap with the huge
literature on agriculture and food production, as well as that of ethnography. With a few exceptions, however,
references on agriculture and food production have been excluded, unless they also provide information
concerning food intake or nutrient composition. Similarly, much of the general ethnographic literature, which
often minimally contains information on food, has not been included. There are three reasons for this specific
focus: first, and practically, it limits what would otherwise be a much larger and unwieldy bibliography;
secondly, it allow more emphasis on material which is sometimes swamped by the three major areas of
agriculture, ethnography and medical research; and thirdly, the latter areas are served already by a range of
existing bibliographies and databases.
This listing was prepared using mostly resources at The Australian National University. My thanks first to the
Department of Human Geography where I was employed from 1990 to 1997, and since then to the Department
of Anthropology which has provided a visiting roost from which to forage in the ANU libraries and elsewhere.
Thanks also to many colleagues for useful references and sources. Some of the earlier material included here is
also listed in the Department of Human Geography’s bibliography on agriculture in Papua New Guinea (see
Stuckings et al. 1997), which covers the much wider field of agriculture, particularly up to about 1996. This can
be accessed at: http://database.anu.edu.au/rspas/hug/pngagbib/
Bibliography
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In 1997-98, much of Papua New Guinea (PNG) was impacted by a severe drought and associated frosts at very high-altitude locations, associated with ENSO. The drought was much more severe and had a wider impact than others in recent decades. The impact of the drought is reviewed here, including the impact on villagers' food supplies, water supply and health and the various ways that villagers responded to the extreme situation. The impact on institutions, such as schools and hospitals, power supply and the national economy is also reviewed briefly. It is concluded that the greatest impact was on subsistence food supply, with about 40% of rural villagers very short of food b y the end of 1997. The impact was greatest in remote locations where the effects were compounded by poverty and lack of access to services. A smaller number of people had their supply of water for drinking or processisng sago very severely curtailed. These food and water problems impacted on villagers' health, with many reports of increased rates of illness and some increase in the death rate. The most important response by villagers was to purchase imported food, particularly rice and flour, to eat. Other impacts included extensive burning of forest and grasslands; inadequate water supply for several urban areas and institutions; cessation of hydro-electric power generation for Port Moresby; and a significant impact on the PNG economy and value of the currency.
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