El Salvador's Beleauguered Democracy

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Salvadorans went to the polls on 2 February 2014 to select a new president. With current president Mauricio Funes of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) ineligible to run (El Salvador’s constitution prohibits consecutive presidential terms), voters were left to choose among Vice-President Salvador Sánchez Cerén of the FMLN and former San Salvador mayor Norman Quijano of the National Republican Alliance (known as Arena). In an extremely close runoff on March 9, Sánchez Cerén managed to eke out a win against Quijano with 50.1 percent of the vote. The runoff results suggest that El Salvador still remains deeply divided two decades after the end of its civil war. Now Sánchez Cerén must govern a country beset by a feeble economy and rampant violence.

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... Meanwhile, the former enemies ARENA and FMLN alternated in power of the presidency, and as the largest parties in the Parliament, after the 1994 election, two problems gradually developed: gang-related crime and corruption (Colburn, 2009;Colburn, Cruz, 2014;Meléndez-Sánchez, 2021;Wolf, 2009). Both the parties were to blame for this development, and neither of them tried to tackle the issues. ...
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