Aspects Regarding the Scientific Production of a University

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Abstract
The analysis of the scientific production of a university is a very complex process and it usually refers to the number of articles published in scientific journals. For most analyses, only a small number of journals is taken into consideration. Usually, there are considered the journals indexed in databases like Science Citation Index (Thompson ISI). However, we consider that for a more complex image of the scientific production of a university, we need to take into consideration several aspects: the development of the scientific production is a fundamental part of the mission of a university; the scientific production represents an integration of knowledge at both tangible and intangible level; at the moment, the evaluation and analysis of the scientific production is made only at the tangible level, the scientific production differs from one domain to another; all the university rankings based on the scientific production are relative.
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    Introduction: Studies have shown that engaging in scientific research as a medical student is strongly associated with research initiatives after finishing the career. Despite the above, in Panama there are no studies that describe the knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards research. Objective: To describe knowledge and attitudes about research in medical students of the University of Panama. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study based on surveys of medical students at University of Panama. The attitude and knowledge were measured by means of a questionnaire with 10 and 24 items respectively, measured by Likert scale. Descriptive statistics were used and simple and multivariate linear regression to predict to predict the behavior of knowledge and attitude variables. Results: Mean score of knowledge was 38.30 ± 17.27 out of 100 points. Mean score of attitude was 2.98 ± 0.59 out of 5 points. The multivariate linear regression shows as predictor variables of attitude career year (p = 0.048, β1= -0.24) and completion of a research paper. (p <0.001, β1= 0.234), while for the knowledge the predictor was the year of study (p = <0.001, β1= 2.86).
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    A qualitative study designed for identifying factors influencing in publications produced by professors in San Marcos University Medical School. The researchers performed semi-structured interviews in a group of professors of the aforementioned school identified as significantly producing research and review papers. These persons were identified using the 2010 Database of the Research Council in San Marcos University. We identified the following factors facilitating publications: liaisons with foreign institutions outside Peru, discipline, training, focusing, multidisciplinary interactions, team building; and blocking factors identified were as follows: academic load and lack of resources for editorial activities. In a second level for analysis, we concluded that these are the circumstances reinforcing facilitating factors: participation in research networks and specialization in research activities. We also identified circumstances reinforcing blocking factors: research activities are highly concentrated and marginally positioned.
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