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Women Participation in Agricultural Production: A Probit Analysis

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Abstract

Women play a very significant role in agricultural production in Nigeria. They are however accorded little attention. Inadequate information on the level of women participation in agriculture has helped to under estimate their importance in the economy and hence led to their neglect in policy issues. This study therefore employed the Probit analysis to investigate the determinants of women participation in agricultural production. It was found that the level of the disposable income, perception, tenure rights and the level of the contribution of the women to agriculture had significant impact on the women participation in agricultural production.
... Despite the dominant and important role women play in agricultural production in the country, they are hardly given any attention in the area of training and/or visitation by extension agents with improved technologies. Banks hardly grant them loans and they are hardly reached with improved seeds, fertilizer and other inputs (Damisa et al, 2007). These conditions have entrenched the women in a vicious cycle of poverty that places them at a less advantageous vantage of income and resource empowerment. ...
... These conditions have entrenched the women in a vicious cycle of poverty that places them at a less advantageous vantage of income and resource empowerment. Although several studies (Damisa et al, 2007;Fabiyi et al, 2007;Sharon, 2008) have been conducted, yet very little or no study has been carried out to evaluate the level of women participation in crop production in the study area. This paucity of empirical data on this subject area in the Local Government necessitates the need for the study. ...
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The study examined the women labour efficiency in crop production in Mubi North Local Government Area of Adamawa State. The research aimed to examine the labour input of women in household crop production and constraints encountered in the area. Structured questionnaire were used for data collection administered to 70randomly selected respondents from the selected districts and villages of Mubi North Local Government Area. The respondents were selected through a purposive random sampling procedure. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Kay 2008 efficiency measure. Majority of the respondents (61.42%) were females between the ages of 21-30 years and were literate farmers. The male farmers used 7.8 hours to produce an output equivalent of N12,919.81 whereas the children used 9.18 hours on the average to realize output worth N45,790. However women farmers used an average of 13.8 hours to produce an output worth N61,188.08 in the same cropping season which was the most efficiently utilized. The problems encountered in the area during the cropping season were inadequate rainfall, pests and diseases, inadequate credit facilities, soil degradation, lack of storage facilities, among others. The research concluded that the women farmers were found to utilized labour efficiently than adult males and children farmers though numerous constraints. The following recommendations were made in view of the findings of the study; provision of soft loan/credit facilities; an urgent need for the government to provide measures for the control of pests and diseases as well as storage facilities; involving women in programme participatory approach (PPA) and women farmers should be assisted to have unrestricted access to agricultural extension services. Women play important roles in agriculture, undertaking a wide range of activities relating to food production, processing and marketing; and beyond 1.
... The feminization that happened there in agriculture is the presence of more women in crop farming as work force not as decision maker. Despite of various social, economic and various other constraints women have high level participation in agriculture, and they are very committed in their agricultural activity [21]. ...
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... Gender: Gender, that is socially constructed relations between men and women, is an organizing element of existing farming systems worldwide and a determining factor of ongoing agricultural restructuring, Damisa, MA, Samndi R. and Yohana M. (2007;412-416) Gender Inequality: gender inequality is a situation that places either men or women at an disadvantage. It is one of the most pervasive forms of inequality, particularly because it cuts across other forms of inequality. ...
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The role of women in agricultural production in Nigeria is prominent. They play various parts in agricultural activities ranging from production, processing, and marketing since pre-colonial times. In Mwaghavul women have taken the leading role in agricultural production especially during the colonial period due to factors associated with colonial administration. Today, Mwaghavul women are dominant both in activities and number, but despite the leading role they play production is hampered by a number of factors. The focus of this research therefore, is appraising the role of women in agro-institutions in Nigeria since 1988: A Case Study of women in Mangu LGA of Plateau State; Constraints and Challenges. Primary and secondary sources were consulted, and the multidisciplinary research method was used. The research portent that women with about 70 percent farming population, representing about 60-70 percent of most farming activity remain an integral part of agricultural development and food security in Mangu and Nigeria at large. But this position is under threat by the issue of gender in agricultural production as reflected in the area of ownership, and management of agricultural productive resources like land, inputs, and access to loan amongst others. Gender inequality has affected agricultural production in Mangu, resulting to food insecurity. Therefore, should government speak to gender stratification in agriculture, which has cause a decline in women productivity, the issue would be halted, bringing about increased food production, hunger reduction, and food security. 2
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Chapter
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