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GOVERNANCE OF EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONES
Abstract and Figures
Sustainability is a key concept in international, national and local policymaking for the coming decades. However, the concept is also highly normative, value loaded, and subject to many interpretations. Yet, the various definitions have in common that they emphasise the need to address human development and environmental imperatives simultaneously. As such, the issue of sustainable development requires an integrated approach. In this paper the interrelation between ocean space and human activities as well as the effect of human activities on the ocean, are discussed. The discussion focuses around the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) for which countries by international law have a responsibility towards sustainable use of its resources. The application of the EEZ has dramatically changed the world map, making France the largest ocean state of the world. New concepts such as the SCENE model that builds on system's thinking and addresses ecological, economic and social-cultural aspects of complex societal issues in terms of stocks and flows as well as governance and transition management are discussed.
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