¿Quién le susurra al Presidente? Asesores versus ministros en América Latina
This article examines who and how influences presidential decisions within the Executive Power. Based on interviews with 21 former presidents, this paper argues that the tension between advisors and ministers varies according to the type of presidential leadership and whether the president freely appoints the ministers or they are imposed by political parties. The interaction between both variables conditions the relations between the two groups, allowing advisors to complement, substitute, accommodate or compete with the ministries' duties. To systematize this argument, this paper proposes a categorization of the degree of conflict that exists between ministers and advisors.