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Rethinking the Social Impact of the Arts: a critical-historical review

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... The arts have been an important element in activism in many political fields (Belfiore & Bennett, 2006). Subcultures have, for example, used the arts and fashion as a way of resisting the dominating culture of the mainstream. ...
... Subcultures have, for example, used the arts and fashion as a way of resisting the dominating culture of the mainstream. Art creates meaning, and functions as a tool for and protest movements and the expression of dissent (Belfiore & Bennett, 2006;Jackson, 2015). In the 60s, the visual arts were an influential element used to protest against the establishment and express the controversial beliefs of a generation aversive to propaganda (Clark, 1997). ...
... Thereby engagement can be created, when people care about climate change and feel that it is in their range of actions to make changes in their behavior (Lorenzoni, Nicholson-Cole & Withmarsh, 2007). (Stern, Dietz, Abel, Guagnano, & Kalof, 1999;Triandis, 1979), Curtis theorizes that since these variables have been identified to influence pro-environmental behavior (Kollmuss & Agyeman, 2002), and the arts have been shown to impact just these variables (Belfiore & Bennett, 2006), art can function as a driver for environmentally friendly behavior. He continues in a similar way for several other variables, including awareness of consequences, environmental self-identity, habits and social norms. ...
... Por otro lado, una línea teórica muy fuerte y consistente sostiene que las artes pueden proveer bienestar personal y calidad de vida a los individuos y ser un accesible y eficiente medio para la promoción de la salud (Argyle y Bolton, 2005;Belfiore y Bennett, 2006 Barquero, 2008), arte y discapacidad (Delgado y Humm-Delgado, 2017;Guerrero Romera, 2015), que relata experiencias de fortalecimiento de capacidades y de mejoramiento de las condiciones de salud física y psicológica de las personas. ...
... Se reconoce que las artes contribuyen positivamente en la inclusión social y generan mejoramiento en las condiciones de las personas y de la comunidad en términos de salud, trabajo, educación y delincuencia, aspectos fundamentales que se utilizan para la evaluación de políticas estatales (Belfiore, 2002). Las artes producen beneficios sociales, y lo hacen de modos más significativos que otras inversiones en políticas sociales más tradicionales (Belfiore y Bennett, 2006). Sin embargo, como se advierte, no deben ser consideradas simplemente un "medio para" otros fines, puesto que fácilmente pueden transformarse de "políticas de sobrevivencia" a "políticas en extinción" y denotar la falta de sustentabilidad de estos dispositivos (Belfiore, 2002, p. 104) 27 . ...
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Abstract: This investigation is framed in Counseling Psychology theoretical proposals. It explores the meanings and incidence of the passage through the experience of Youth and Children´s Orchestra in the construction of subjective processes related to identity and future project elaboration of a group of young participants. The study is exploratory and descriptive, cross-sectional with a qualitative approach. From an ethnographic approach, based on narrative interviews and participant observation, the experience of 19 young people between 15 and 19 years old was recorded. The two orchestras studied carry on their activities in the Greater Buenos Aires area: La Orquesta Infanto-Juvenil de Hudson (Berazategui), and La Sonora de la IAPI (Quilmes). An inductive thematic content analysis was carried out. The results show that these experiences have a positive impact on their participants, for the construction of valued identities and future projects. The concept of Orchestra Experience was elaborated. Also, recommendations to promote those devices and complementary lines of research are proposed. The value of this research consists of contributing both to the knowledge and analysis of experiences and life situations of historically relegated populations and, consequently, to the general objective of the XXI Century counseling practices, supported by the ideas of sustainability and decent lives. Resumen: La presente investigación se enmarca en los postulados de la Psicología de la Orientación. Explora los sentidos y la incidencia del pasaje por la experiencia de Orquesta Infanto-Juvenil en la construcción de procesos subjetivos, relacionados a la elaboración de la identidad y los proyectos futuros, de un grupo de jóvenes participantes. Este estudio es de tipo exploratorio y descriptivo, de corte transversal, con un abordaje cualitativo. Desde un enfoque etnográfico, a partir de entrevistas narrativas y observación participante, se registró la experiencia de 19 jóvenes entre 15 y 19 años, de dos Orquestas en el Conurbano Bonaerense: La Orquesta Infanto-Juvenil de Hudson (Berazategui) y La Sonora de la IAPI (Quilmes). Se realizó un análisis de contenido temático inductivo. Los resultados permiten postular un impacto positivo de estas experiencias en sus participantes, para la construcción de identidades valoradas y de proyectos de futuro. Se conceptualiza la Experiencia de Orquesta, se postulan recomendaciones para potenciar los dispositivos y líneas de investigación complementarias. Esta investigación contribuye al conocimiento y análisis de experiencias y situaciones de vida de poblaciones históricamente más relegadas y consecuentemente, aporta al objetivo general de las prácticas en Orientación para el siglo XXI, apoyadas en las ideas de sustentabilidad y vidas decentes.
... Ή καλλιτεχνική δραστηριότητα που στοχεύει στην ενημέρωση του κοινού για τις περιβαλλοντικές ανησυχίες είναι ζωτικής σημασίας (Kent, 2010). Είναι γνωστό πως οι καλλιτέχνες χρησιμοποιούν τις διάφορες μορφές Τέχνης ως μέσα διαμαρτυρίας ή έκφρασης δυσαρέσκειας (Doyle, 2001;Robertson, 2001;Branagan, 2003;EBC, 2005;Belfiore & Bennett, 2006;Kent, 2010). Έχοντας την δυνατότητα να αφυπνίσουν την κοινωνία και να εναντιωθούν σε αρκετά κοινωνικά ζητήματα όπως είναι οι πόλεμοι, η κοινωνική αδικία ,η φτώχεια, το AIDS καθώς και να γίνουν μέρος του κινήματος περιβαλλοντικών διαμαρτυριών (Doyle 2001, Branagan 2003a,b,c, Educational Broadcasting Corporation 2005, Jordaan 2008). ...
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Promotion of Responsible environmental Behavior
... Η καλλιτεχνική δραστηριότητα που στοχεύει στην ενημέρωση του κοινού για τις περιβαλλοντικές ανησυχίες είναι ζωτικής σημασίας (Kent, 2010). Είναι γνωστό πως οι καλλιτέχνες χρησιμοποιούν τις διάφορες μορφές Τέχνης ως μέσα διαμαρτυρίας ή έκφρασης δυσαρέσκειας (Doyle, 2001;Robertson, 2001;Branagan, 2003;EBC, 2005;Belfiore & Bennett, 2006;Kent, 2010). Έχοντας την δυνατότητα να αφυπνίσουν την κοινωνία και να εναντιωθούν σε αρκετά κοινωνικά ζητήματα όπως είναι οι πόλεμοι, η κοινωνική αδικία ,η φτώχεια, το AIDS καθώς και να γίνουν μέρος του κινήματος περιβαλλοντικών διαμαρτυριών (Doyle 2001, Branagan 2003a,b,c, Educational Broadcasting Corporation 2005, Jordaan 2008). ...
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Η Περιβαλλοντική Εκπαίδευση μέσω της Τέχνης είναι μία σύγχρονη μορφή εκπαίδευσης που υλοποιείται σε όλες τις εκπαιδευτικές βαθμίδες, ώστε να μπορούν να κατανοούν οι μαθητές, την πολυπλοκότητα του περιβάλλοντος, αποκτώντας γνώσεις αλλά και εμπειρίες σε σχέση με περιβαλλοντικά θέματα. Στην παρούσα βιβλιογραφική ανασκόπηση ερευνάται η συμβολή της Περιβαλλοντικής Τέχνης στην Πρωτοβάθμια Εκπαίδευση καθώς και οι μορφές Τέχνης που αξιοποιούνται κατά την εκπαιδευτική διαδικασία. Επιπροσθέτως, πραγματοποιείται συνοπτική ανάλυση των διάφορων μορφών Περιβαλλοντικής Τέχνης, όπως η οικολογική τέχνη (ecological art) και η Τέχνη της Γης (land art), για την ολιστική παρουσίαση της σχέσης μεταξύ Τέχνης και περιβάλλοντος πέρα από τα πλαίσια της εκπαίδευσης. Η παρούσα βιβλιογραφική ανασκόπηση αναδεικνύει την σημασία της ανάμειξης της Τέχνης σε προγράμματα Περιβαλλοντικής Εκπαίδευσης που απευθύνονται στους μαθητές της Πρωτοβάθμιας Εκπαίδευσης. Πιο συγκεκριμένα η Τέχνη συμβάλει στην ευαισθητοποίηση των μαθητών σε θέματα που αφορούν στην ταυτόχρονη ανάπτυξη της δημιουργικής σκέψης και του στοχασμού αναφορικά με τα περιβαλλοντικά ζητήματα. Συνεπώς, η συμβολή της Τέχνης σε περιβαλλοντικά προγράμματα στην Πρωτοβάθμιας Εκπαίδευση λειτουργεί προς όφελος της δημιουργίας ουσιαστικής επαφής των μαθητών με το περιβάλλον και με απώτερο σκοπό στην ευαισθητοποίηση τους. Η ενίσχυση της περιβαλλοντικής ευαισθητοποίησης των μαθητών με εργαλείο την Τέχνη θα βοηθήσει στην διαμόρφωση υπεύθυνης περιβαλλοντικής συμπεριφοράς και στην εξέλιξη τους σε ενεργούς πολίτες. Λέξεις-κλειδιά: Τέχνη, Περιβάλλον, Περιβαλλοντική Εκπαίδευση, Περιβαλλοντική Τέχνη, Πρωτοβάθμια Εκπαίδευση.
... Besides the use of narratives, other ways to make energy-related data/information more accessible and comprehensible are "creative and interpretative expressions through theatre, literature, music, visual arts and crafts", what Costantoura (2000) defines as "arts". Arts play a big role in how individuals understand and shape society and can affect changes in the collective consciousness (Belfiore & Bennett, 2006). This social impact of the arts has been explored in arts-science discourses that aim to find creative responses to the climate crisis (Gabrys & Yusoff, 2012). ...
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There is an urgent need to reduce the energy consumed by urban households. Despite current investments in energy efficient technologies, energy consumption continues to increase in cities. This thesis moves beyond the efficiency paradigm and its emphasis on reducing energy consumption, to understand instead how urban households’ energy demand can be challenged and reduced. How people frame their energy practices (driving, eating a hamburger, flying for work or leisure, etc.) and how these practices bundle configuring different lifestyles is strongly shaped by the social contexts where the individuals live and interact. This research investigates one specific social context, that of the community, in order to unpack how the social interactions within community members lead to the activation of discursive processes that can challenge current energy intensive lifestyles. Despite the routinised character of most daily practices people still have the ability to verbally reflect on and alter their actions. The activation of this “energy discursive consciousness” is at the center of this work. An ethnographic action research with three Amsterdam-based communities helped to unpack how energy discursive consciousness is “cultivated” at the community level and how it ultimately may lead to the contestation and reduction of energy needs. The notion of “decency”, which entails considering standards of morality and appropriateness that go beyond the individual and affect society in general, serves as a trigger for community reflection on lifestyle choices and contributes to the shift from efficiency to decency.
... Art can connect people to complex concepts at an emotional level and could be used to increase public understanding of the current anthropogenic biodiversity crisis (Harrison and Harrison 1993;Jacobson et al. 2007;Balleng ee 2015;A'Bear et al. 2017;Curtis 2017). Art has the potential to influence values, beliefs, knowledge, and the development of societies (Belfiore and Bennett 2006) which are the same factors driving the environmental behavior of citizens (Jackson 2005). Art can create a space for dialogue around important issues, and harness the power of narrative and imagery to deliver educational messages that could inspire aesthetic appreciation and emotional response (Carlson 2000;Curtis et al. 2014). ...
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Science museums have made a concerted effort to work with researchers to incorporate current scientific findings and practices into informal learning opportunities for museum visitors. Many of these efforts have focused on creating opportunities and support for researchers to interact face-to-face with the public through, for example, speaker series, community forums, and engineering competitions. However, there are other means by which practicing scientists can find a voice on the museum floor - through the design and development of exhibits. Here we describe how researchers and museum professionals have worked together to create innovative exhibit experiences for an interactive science museum. For each example: scientist as (1) data providers, (2) advisors, and (3) co-developers, we highlight essential components for a successful partnership and pitfalls to avoid when collaborating on museum exhibits. Not many museums prototype and build their own exhibits like the Exploratorium. In those cases, there may be similar opportunities in more mediated offerings such as public demonstrations or lectures or in other formats that allow for direct interactions between scientists and visitors.We believe there are many opportunities for researchers to share natural phenomena, to advise on exhibit development and interpretation, to provide much needed materials, and to otherwise incorporate authentic research into the learning experiences at museums, no matter what the format.
... Art can connect people to complex concepts at an emotional level and could be used to increase public understanding of the current anthropogenic biodiversity crisis (Harrison and Harrison 1993;Jacobson et al. 2007;Balleng ee 2015;A'Bear et al. 2017;Curtis 2017). Art has the potential to influence values, beliefs, knowledge, and the development of societies (Belfiore and Bennett 2006) which are the same factors driving the environmental behavior of citizens (Jackson 2005). Art can create a space for dialogue around important issues, and harness the power of narrative and imagery to deliver educational messages that could inspire aesthetic appreciation and emotional response (Carlson 2000;Curtis et al. 2014). ...
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Human-induced global change has triggered the sixth major extinction event on earth with profound consequences for humans and other species. A scientifically literate public is necessary to find and implement approaches to prevent or slow species loss. Creating science-inspired art can increase public understanding of the current anthropogenic biodiversity crisis and help people connect emotionally to difficult concepts. In spite of the pressure to avoid advocacy and emotion, there is a rich history of scientists who make art, as well as art-science collaborations resulting in provocative work that engages public interest; however, such interdisciplinary partnerships can often be challenging to initiate and navigate. Here we explore the goals, impacts, cascading impacts and lessons learned from art-science collaborations, as well as ideas for collaborative projects. Using three case studies based on Harrower's scientific research into species interactions, we illustrate the importance of artists as a primary audience and the potential for a combination of art and science presentations to influence public understanding and concern related to species loss.
... While our ethnographic research has limitations linked to the context and empirical case of the study, it opens up avenues for future research. Music has often been overlooked (Belfiore & Bennett, 2007) despite scientific findings which show that we are a "musical species", and "to be human is to be musical" (Mithen, 2009: 3-4). The functional niche that music is part of (Sloboda et al., 2009) can be further explored, allowing many opportunities for creating music-based products to engage consumers. ...
Article
By introducing music composition theory, we offer a new perspective from which to understand the 'fuzzy front end' (FFE) phase of product innovation with regard to both value outcomes and the innovation process. Focusing on ideas co-created by consumers, we draw on an ethnographic study to examine how young consumers tackled a real-life challenge to produce a digital product that would engage audiences in classical music. Working with two organizations, one a city symphony orchestra, the other a global technology corporation, this work bridges innovation and aesthetics and challenges the established mind-set of the science-art schism in business management. The findings contribute to innovation theory by introducing a hybrid model that structures FFE activities based around the composing process. We also illuminate how music can facilitate and ensure greater value for consumers as 'the composers of ideas'. Managerial implications are suggested.
Chapter
The chapter relates climate change and sustainability to psycho-spiritual reality with the aim to strengthen behavioural adaptation to changing climatic scenario. It starts with philosophical and psycho-spiritual basis of sustainability, taking into consideration the inner world and role of contemplative practices like mindfulness and spiritual intelligence to establish the human–sustainability connect which can possibly result in behavioural transformation for sustainability and climate change adaptation. It has been explained through enhancing the knowledge base in psycho-spiritual systems; ways to overcome the psychological barriers to climate change adaptation and sustainability management and developing the capacity to address climate change linked adversities through mindfulness and other socio-behavioural techniques. Further, application of psycho-spiritual concepts is explained through Positive Psychology concepts along with their implications to benefit the environment and sustainable living.
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The cultural policy orientation of European countries has usually been interpreted in the light of political ideological factors or the model of the welfare state. However, while these dimensions explain part of cultural policy’s evolution in the second half of the 20th century, they overlook the influence of earlier factors affecting the state’s trajectory (especially absolutism) and the persistent influence of religious denomination on culture. To grasp the relationship between the state and culture, one needs to realise that Protestantism wields a significant influence in some countries (especially in variants such as Non-Conformism). These factors can be identified in the Eurostat surveys and statistics, providing that one adopts Braudel’s longue durée [long-term] perspective and the comparative historical institutionalism proposed by Tilly. This perspective lets us see continuities and interpret them in a multidimensional way and to suggest a different classification of the cultural regimes found among European countries.