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Reconocimiento emocional facial y nivel de agresividad en niños diagnosticados de TDAH

  • Instituto de Investigación en Servicios de Salud Kronikgune
  • Universidad Internacional Valencia


Background: It is found the existence of deficits in emotional recognition of facial expressions in children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). There is evidence supporting that these deficits are associated with aggressive and / or antisocial behavior. The aim of the study is to establish the differences in facial emotion recognition between groups of children with ADHD with different levels of aggressiveness, measuring emotional recognition with two virtual tools (FEEL and e-Motion-I). Method: 39 men aged between 8 and 12 years are assessed, classified according to different levels of aggressiveness (very adapted, adjusted, normal, at risk and clinically significant) according to their T scores on the scale of the BASC aggression. Results: Descriptive and non-parametric analysis was conducted to examine differences in variables of aggressiveness and emotion recognition. The 51.3% of children shows a clinically significant level of aggression (n = 20). Significant differences were found between subgroups of level of aggression in the total correct responses on the facial expression of anger (p < .05), being the group < > which showed higher hit rate. Similar results were found in relation to the emotion of disgust (p = .03). Conclusions: In general, there are a high percentage of children with aggression. The subgroup of children with higher levels shows a greater sensitivity to the aggression associated to emotions like anger and disgust. They raise a number of hypotheses about the relationship found from which can be derived therapeutic implications. Keywords: ADHD, facial emotion recognition, aggressiveness, virtual tool.
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