The greatest goal for all beings, especially humans who are thinking beings, is “freedom”,which is an end and a necessity as well as a means. All the wars that have occurred in humanhistory and all endeavours of humans are efforts to gain this gift. Art, which is thought to haveoriginated with humans, and its creator the artist obtained the rights and freedoms they enjoytoday as a result of extensive struggles. They had to struggle against pressures on the theme ofthe art, the ideas and feelings advocated in the theme and the language. Particularly, prior to the19th century, there were times when the artist could not use his brush freely on the canvas andexpress his feelings and ideas clearly due to the strict rules laid down by the church, the palaceand the academic circles. In the 19th century, however, with the advent of the industrial age,which is acknowledged to have been a new stage in not only the western history but also humanhistory, they rid themselves of the confines of the rigid rules of the church, the palace andacademic circles and set sails towards “freer” trends brought along by “modernism” and “postmodernism”and so far have generated tens of different views of art.The purpose of this study is to determine the level that art has attained now in the contextof freedoms that art and the artist gained after the Industrial Revolution and the FrenchRevolution.