Experience with Sunitinib Treatment for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in a Large Cohort of Israeli Patients: Outcome and Associated Factors
The VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor sunitinib was approved in Israel in 2008 for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), based on an international trial. However, the efficacy of sunitinib treatment in Israeli mRCC patients has not been previously reported.
To report the outcome and associated factors of sunitinib treatment in a large cohort of Israeli mRCC patients.
We conducted a retrospective study of an unselected cohort of mRCC patients who were treated with sunitinib during the period 2006-2013 in six Israeli hospitals. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the association between treatment outcome and clinicopathologic factors.
We identified 145 patients; the median age was 65 years, 63% were male, 80% had a nephrectomy, and 28% had prior systemic treatment. Seventy-nine percent (n = 115) had clinical benefit (complete response 5%, n = 7; partial response 33%, n = 48; stable disease 41%, n = 60); 21% (n = 30) were refractory to treatment. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12 months and median overall survival 21 months. Factors associated with clinical benefit were sunitinib-induced hypertension: [odds ratio (OR) 3.6, P = 0.042] and sunitinib dose reduction or treatment interruption (OR 2.4, P = 0.049). Factors associated with PFS were female gender [hazard ratio (HR) 2, P = 0.0041, pre-sunitinib treatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio < or = 3 (HR 2.19, P = 0.002), and active smoking (HR 0.19, P < 0.0001). Factors associated with overall survival were active smoking (HR 0.25, P < 0.0001) and sunitinib-induced hypertension (HR 0.48, P = 0.005). To minimize toxicity, the dose was reduced or the treatment interrupted in 39% (n = 57).
The efficacy of sunitinib treatment for mRCC among Israeli patients is similar to that in international data.
Available from: PubMed Central
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The relationship between inflammation and tumor development and progression has been recognized in recent decades. NLR is an easily reproducible and widely used inflammatory response marker. The prognostic value of NLR for urologic tumors has been reported in succession. Here, we perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association between the NLR and prognosis of urologic tumors.
We conducted a computerized search of PubMed, Embase, and ISI Web of Knowledge to identify clinical studies that had evaluated the association between the pretreatment NLR and prognosis in urologic tumors. Prognostic outcomes included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and metastasis-free survival (MFS). We extracted and synthesized corresponding hazard ratios (HRs) and confidence intervals (CIs) using Review Manager 5.3 and STATA 13.
We identified 34 retrospective cohort studies and conducted the meta-analysis. The results showed that all OS, CSS, RFS, PFS, and MFS risks were significantly different between patients with an elevated NLR and those with a low NLR in various urologic tumors. A high NLR portended poor prognosis. However, no significance was observed for CSS in patients with renal cell carcinoma (HR = 1.38, 95% CI: 0.96–1.99).
Our meta-analysis suggests that NLR could be a prognostic predictor for urologic tumors. Patients with a high NLR were deemed to have a poor prognosis.
Available from: John Wagstaff
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
The aim of the RECCORD registry was to gather real-world UK data on the use of targeted therapies in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and assess clinical outcomes. Here, demographic and outcome data are presented with the treatment patterns and demographic profile of patients on the registry.
Patients and methods:
Patients were retrospectively identified at 7 UK hospitals with large cancer centres in England (5), Scotland (1) and Wales (1). Anonymised data were collected through an online registry covering demographics, treatments and outcomes. 514 UK adult patients with metastatic RCC were included in the study for analysis. Patients were included if they were treated for metastatic RCC at one of the seven centres, and started systemic anti-cancer treatment from March 2009 to November 2012 inclusive. In addition to demographic factors, the principal outcome measures were overall survival, time to disease progression and toxicity.
The majority of first-line treatment was with sunitinib; first-line use of pazopanib increased as the study progressed. 15.8% of patients received second-line treatment, half of whom were prescribed everolimus. Median overall survival (from initiation of first-line treatment) was 23.9 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 18.6 - 29.1 months), similar to that reported for clinical trials of targeted RCC therapies [1-3]. Overall survival was significantly longer for those that received second-line treatment after disease progression (33.0 months; 95% CI: 30.8-35.2 months) than those who did not (20.9 months; 95% CI: 16.4-25.3 months; p=0.008).
RECCORD is a large 'real-world' database assessing metastatic RCC treatment patterns and outcomes. Treatment patterns changed over time as targeted therapies were approved and became widely available; survival data in RECCORD are consistent with those reported for systemic treatments in clinical trials. Kaplan-Meier analysis of results demonstrated that receiving second-line therapy was a major prognostic factor for longer overall survival.
Available from: biomed.papers.upol.cz
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background and aims:
The global incidence of renal cell cancer is increasing annually and the causes are multifactorial. Early diagnosis and successful urological procedures with partial or total nephrectomy can be life-saving. However, only up to 10% of RCC patients present with characteristic clinical symptoms. Over 60% are detected incidentally in routine ultrasound examination. The question of screening and preventive measures greatly depends on the cause of the tumor development. For the latter reason, this review focuses on etiology, pathophysiology and risk factors for renal neoplasm.
A literature search using the databases Medscape, Pubmed, UpToDate and EBSCO from 1945 to 2015.
Results and conclusions:
Genetic predisposition/hereditary disorders, obesity, smoking, various nephrotoxic industrial chemicals, drugs and natural/manmade radioactivity all contribute and enviromental risks are a serious concern in terms of prevention and the need to screen populations at risk. Apropos treatment, current oncological research is directed to blocking cancer cell division and inhibiting angiogenesis based on a knowledge of molecular pathways.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.