Article

Sensory Characteristics of Espresso Coffee According to Green Coffee Processing

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Abstract

Coffee beans are processed from coffee cherries by either natural, pulped natural, or washing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the physiochemical and sensory characteristics of espresso coffees processed by different methods. The color of the washed coffee sample presented the highest value of lightness while the natural coffee sample presented the highest value of redness and yellowness. The biggest difference in brewed coffee, whether natural, pulped natural, or washed, was in the TDS content, which was higher in natural coffee and lower in washed coffee. Sensory descriptive analysis and acceptance test for espresso coffee using a 15 cm line scale were carried out by 12 trained panelists. Natural coffee had the highest cherry-like flavor and sweetness taste while washed coffee had the highest citrus flavor and acidity taste. An important attribute of espresso coffee is body, and natural coffee presented strong body while washed coffee presented a low body attribute. In conclusion, significant differences were observed among the three processing methods of green coffee. Pulped natural coffees presented intermediate physiochemical and sensory characteristics compared to washed and natural coffee. Natural coffees are appreciated for their increased body, and washed coffees are appreciated for added citrus flavors and acidity espresso coffee blends.

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Article
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Article
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Article
Bacteria, yeasts and filamentous fungi were isolated during natural coffee processing. Bacteria were isolated in greater numbers at the beginning of the fermentation, when the moisture of the coffee beans was around 68%. Gram-positive bacteria represented 85.5% of all bacteria isolated, and Bacillus was the predominant genus (51%). Gram-negative species of the genera Serratia, Enterobacter and Acinetobacter were also found. Approximately 22% of 940 randomly chosen isolates of microorganisms were yeasts. Debaryomyces (27%), Pichia (18.9%) and Candida (8.0%) were the most commonly found genera, and these three genera tended to appear more often as the fruit was fermented and dried. Aspergillus was the most abundant genus besides Penicillium, Fusarium and Cladosporium, with 42.6% of the total fungi isolates. The genera and species identified included members known to have pectinase and cellulase activities. Of the 10 organic acids analyzed and quantified in coffee beans, acetic and lactic acids may have been generated by microbial activity. Butyric acid was not detected in any sample.
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