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Small VHF implants for radio-tracking reintroduced, free-rangimg oranguatans (Pongo pygmaeus)

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... Approaches currently used by biologists in ape and monkey monitoring employ wildlife tracking collars [26], camera traps [27] and subcutaneous implants [28] for animal tagging and data collection [29]. Collars and implants provide more granular data compared to camera traps, and tracking collars are the most widely used data collectors. ...
Article
Wildlife monitoring is an enormous organizational challenge due to the required time and effort for setting and maintaining it. It is particularly difficult when the observed species has a complex social hierarchy and different roles for the members in the social group. In this paper, we introduce an approach to model a primate social network. The primates have complex social behaviors and network structure. As a result, there is a need for realistic computational models to fully understand and analyze the social behavior of such animal groups. We propose a novel spatial cut-off preferential attachment model with a center of mass concept to model the characteristics of the primate groups and a role determination algorithm, which groups the primates into their roles in the society based on the data collected by the wireless sensor and actor networks (WSAN). The performance of the monitoring and role determination algorithms, the applicability of the network formation and the mobility models are evaluated through extensive simulations. The results show that the proposed primate group models deliver networks with properties similar to real-life primate groups in terms of social network characteristics.
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