Article

Atividade física e gestação: saúde da gestante não atleta e crescimento fetal

Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil 06/2003; 3(2). DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292003000200004
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT

São reconhecidos os benefícios da prática de atividade física sobre o ciclo vital, sem consenso quanto à gestação. Este artigo reviu considerações e efeitos da prática da atividade física durante a gestação sobre a saúde da gestante não-atleta e o feto. Foram utilizados os bancos de dados Medline e Pubmed referentes ao período 1992-2002. Dentre os benefícios, os artigos destacam: prevenção e redução de lombalgias, de dores das mãos e pés e estresse cardiovascular, fortalecimento da musculatura pélvica, redução de partos prematuros e cesáreas, maior flexibilidade e tolerância à dor, controle do ganho ponderal e elevação da auto-estima da gestante. No feto, observou-se aumento do peso ao nascer e melhoria da condição nutricional. Não se encontraram recomendações de necessidades nutricionais para a gestante não-atleta. Não existiu consenso quanto às necessidades nutricionais e o tipo de atividade física dessa gestante, sendo o exercício na água o mais indicado. Porém destacaram-se diversas contra-indicações da prática de exercícios na gestação. Concluiu-se que a atividade física, sendo regular, moderada e controlada desde o início da gestação, promove benefícios para a saúde materna e fetal.

0 Followers
 · 
9 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The clinical rehearsal aims at to verify the effects of Pilates in the low back pain prevention in pregnants. It was accomplished in Studio Pilates Balance Center, in Goiânia (Goiás). The sample included nine pregnants, between 18 to 40 years old. The instruments of measures were the visual analog scale (VAS) and the questionnaire Oswestry. The analysis of the data happened for simple arithmetic average and for proportions. The pain's averages checked for the VAS were of 2,88, 2,5 and 3,4 and the averages of inability of Oswestry were of 14,4, 15,1 and 16 for to 24th, 28th, 32nd week gestational respectively. The practicing pregnants women of aerobic activity united to Pilates obtained minor medium of pain and of inability. The session seven of Oswestry presented note zero for inability in sleeping in all the measures obtained. Therefore, in spite of the high incidence of the low back pain, the participants of the study didn't demonstrate high pain levels or inability. Key-Words: Low Back Pain, Women Pregnants, Physical Therapy's Techniques, Measurement of Pain.
    Preview · Article ·
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adolescent pregnancy is considered a problem for public health, due to the high mortality related to hypertensive disorders in pregnancy - HDP. This was a descriptive study with the aim of analyzing the pregnant adolescent self-care in the prevention of HDP risk factors. It was carried out in the Nucleus of Integrated Medical Attention - NAMI, in Fortaleza - Ceará, with twenty women from the Dendê Community, taken care of in the prenatal ambulatory of that institution, during the months of September and October, 2005. The data were collected by means of interview. The pregnant adolescents informed precarious socio-economic conditions, low schooling and other risk factors for HDP, beyond the age: black color, familiar history, arterial hypertension (AH), diabetes mellitus, renal illness and emotional conflicts. The knowledge on the prevention of risk factors was restricted to five (25%) pregnant adolescents; however it was reduced to fragmented information, and the preventive behaviors related to feeding habit, smoke and alcoholism cessation, and physical exercise. Therefore, it was evidenced among the adolescents the unsatisfactory exercise of self-care activities, aiming at preventing HDP risk factors; that beyond the age, they presented other predisposing factors to this disorders; that they were susceptible to preventive behaviors and/or control, as in the case of chronic-degenerative illnesses - AH and diabetes mellitus. Probably, this behavior was associated to the elementary and fragmented knowledge, and the absence or the deficiency of family participation in health promotion actions, mainly in those inherent to the prenatal follow-up.
    Preview · Article ·
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Low back pain during pregnancy has been considered as normal, which has contributed to the lack of preventive treatment procedures. The aquatic exercise activity has been considered ideal for pregnant women because its benefits can prevent or improve muscle-skeletal discomfort. In addition to the various physiological modifications that occur during immersion in warm water, its physical properties offer many advantages such as general muscle relaxation, reduction of sensitiveness to pain, reduction of muscle spasms, improvement of heart and lung efficiency, improvement of muscular strength and elasticity and keeping of the weight and corporeal composition at adequate levels. Physical activities done under proper supervision, suitable to each pregnancy phase and done in appropriate places by motivated mothers are with no doubt of great benefit for the mother and the fetus. This study points out the practice of hydrotherapy to prevent or reduce lumbar pain.
    Preview · Article ·
Show more