ArticlePDF Available

Nye operkulate begersopper i Norges flora (New operculate discomycetes from Norway)

Authors:
... Additionally, R. beyrichiana Hampe ex Lehm. (Kristiansen & Schumacher 1993, Kristiansen 1999) and R. nigrella DC. (Seaver 1928) were reported as hosts. The known host species mostly prefer base poor habitats. ...
... In addition to the newly reported localities in Hungary, Germany and Switzerland, N. ricciae has been collected in other twelve sites in six European countries, Czech Republic (Corda 1838), France (Pelé 1919, Racovitza 1946, Crouan in Le Gal 1953, Caillet & Moyne 1987, Moyne et al. 2011, Moyne in Péan 2013, Lithuania (Motiejūnaitė et al. 2002), Norway (Kristiansen & Schumacher 1993, Kristiansen 1999, Spain (Danïels & Moreno-Arroyo 2009) and the United Kingdom (Dennis 1971, Rifai 1968, Yao & Spooner 1995 as well as in the Canary Islands (Tenerife, Korf & Zhuang 1991), North India (Sanwal 1953) and the USA (Seaver 1928). ...
Article
Németh, C., Eckstein, J. & Stöckli, E. 2017. New European occurrences of Neottiella ricciae, a bryophilous ascomycete. — Herzogia 30: 353–361. Neottiella ricciae is a bryophilous ascomycete that has been so far observed altogether in fifteen localities worldwide. Twelve of them are situated on the European continent and three of them can be found on the Canary Islands, in India and in the U.S.A. Four collections from Hungary, Germany and Switzerland are described and illustrated in detail, and each represents the first records for the respective country. The host bryophytes were found to be Riccia glauca and R. sorocarpa. A map is provided summarising the known worldwide distribution of N. ricciae.
... This behaviour is not only characteristic to the genus Coprotus, but also to other phylogenetically closely related genera such as Boubovia (cf. Kristiansen and Schumacher 1993) and Lasiobolus Sacc. (cf. ...
Article
Full-text available
In a mycological research performed in the Sjeverni Velebit National Park, Croatia, a new species of Coprotus was discovered, described here as C. epithecioides. Along with the microscopic examination, phylogenetic analysis of the type material, based on ITS and LSU sequences, was performed in order to evaluate its relationship with the type species, C. sexdecimsporus. The type species was sequenced in this study for the first time, providing ITS and LSU sequences from two separate collections which displayed differences in macroscopic characters and content of paraphyses. An extended description of C. sexdecimsporus based on Croatian material is also provided. A worldwide identification key to the species assigned to the genus Coprotus is presented, along with a species overview, containing a data matrix. The phylogenetic position of Coprotus in the Boubovia-Coprotus clade within Pyronemataceae s.l. is discussed. Coprotus sexdecimsporus is also reported here as new to the Croatian mycobiota.
... Det var mest ved sistnevnte koordinat der det nylig var utført gravearbeider (Figurene 56-57). Her var det nokså stor tetthet av trakter, noe som tyder på at strandmaurløve raskt kan etablere seg i nyåpnede områder om det er andre lokaliteter i naerheten (FigureneKristiansen & Schumacher 1993). Sonering: Ikke omtalt i Lundberg & Rydgren (1994). ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The antlion Myrmeleon bore (Tjeder, 1941) belongs to the order Neuroptera (net-winged insects). We have 57 species from this order in Norway. Antlions belong to the family Myrmeleontidae, consisting of only two species in Norway; Myrmeleon formicarius and Myrmeleon bore. M. bore was separated from M. formicarius and scientifically described as a new species by Tjeder in 1941. The adult individuals of antlions are relatively large, flying insects that are somewhat similar to dragonflies. The difference is e.g. that the antlions have long, club-shaped antenna and that the wings are positioned in a “roof” shape when the animal is at rest. The adult antlions are active at dusk and at night and are therefore not very easy to spot. The larvae, however, have a very characteristic way of life. The larvae of the antlion live in the bottom of conical pits which they have constructed in loose sand. They are typical sit-and-wait predators. The larvae of the antlion have powerful jaws that they use to catch and digest their prey. The habitat of M. bore is confined to hot, coastal sandy beaches, habitats that both have limited distribution in Norway, and which are threatened. M. bore has a very limited distribution in Norway along the southeast coast from Telemark County to Østfold County. Today we know of 20 certain localities of M. bore in Norway, one in Telemark County (Sandbakken, Jomfruland), three in Vestfold County (Sandø, Lilleskagen and Ula) and 16 in Østfold County (Søndre Sandøy, Kirkøy, Asmaløy, Åven, Nordre Nesetbukta, Rauer, Store Sletter og Eldøya). Beach habitats, where M. bore exists, are dependent on some form of disturbance. This may be due to natural factors like weather and wind, but it can also be due to grazing and mowing, or other human activity. The threats against M. bore are associated with these disturbances either becoming too intense, which prevent the antlion from pit-making and hunting, or too light, resulting in areas becoming overgrown such that the antlion will no longer find open sandy areas for pit-making. M. bore is therefore naturally rare with limited distribution in Norway and its populations are threatened. The species is therefore red listed as endangered (EN) in Norway. To ensure robust populations of M. bore at each locality, local distribution and actual threats must be identified. If the use is too intense, it will be appropriate to channel and manage the public outside the main antlion-areas. If the main threats are associated with overgrowth, other measures such as light grazing, exposure of sand and removal of vegetation should be considered. An action plan with a duration of five years, 2012-2016, is suggested. The main objective of the action plan should be to ensure a long-term existence of M. bore in Norway.The County Governor in Østfold would be responsible for implementing this action plan. The first phase of the plan would be mapping of local distribution and threats at each known locality, and preparation of local management plans. The next phase includes a survey of potential sites, as well as monitoring effects of the management implemented on each site. The final phase includes evaluation and further recommendations.
... Seit der grundlegenden Arbeit von Pfister (1993) Bereits Benkert (1999: 38) Kristiansen & Schumacher (1993), Křiž (2012), Perić (2012), Ribollet (2014), Svrček (1977Svrček ( , 1978, Van Brummelen & Kristiansen (1999). Für den Vergleich zwischen K. benkertii und der Gattung Boubovia wird lediglich die Typusart berücksichtigt, da die aktuell der Gattung zugeordneten Arten morphologisch recht heterogen sind. ...
Article
Full-text available
Der Artikel befasst sich mit der Revision der Discomycetengattung Kotlabaea. Die phylogenetischen Untersuchungen zeigen, dass K. deformis kongenerisch mit den Arten der Gattung Byssonectria ist. K. delectans ist verwandt mit den Arten aus der Gattung Geopyxis, K. benkertii mit den Arten aus den Gattungen Boubovia und Pulvinula, bildet aber eine eigene Abstammungslinie. Aufgrund der Ergebnisse der phylogenetischen Analyse und der Untersuchungen der Morphologie wird für K. deformis die generische Einordung in Byssonectria vorgeschlagen. Für K. benkertii wird die neue Gattung Pseudoboubovia geschaffen. A b s t r a c t: The article focuses on the revision of the genus Kotlabaea. Phylogenetic studies show that K. deformis is congeneric with the species of Byssonectria. K. delectans is related to the species of Geopyxis and K. benkertii to the species of Boubovia and Pulvinula, but forms a separate lineage. Based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis and the study of morphological features a new generic placement of K. deformis in Byssonectria is proposed as well as the new genus Pseudoboubovia to accommodate K. benkertii.
... K. deformis est assez répandue et bien connue, Boudier (1905Boudier ( -1910, Svrček (1969), Grelet (1979), Arpin (1969Arpin ( [1968), Benkert (1980Benkert ( , 2008, Dennis (1981), Häffner (1984, Kristiansen & Schumacher (1993), Ahti & al. (2000), Dougoud, (2002), Khare (2003), Lantieri (2005), Medardi (2006) etc. Elle se distingue de K. ...
Article
Full-text available
Description et illustrations d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Kotlabaea Svrček K. benkertii, caractérisée par ses asques, ses paraphyses, son habitat, et par la durée de son développement. Abstract Description and illustration of a new Kotlabaea species, K. benkertii, characterized by its asci, paraphises, habitat and development time.
... bl.a. Eckblad 1968, Kristiansen 1982, 1983, 1985, Dissing & Sivertsen 1983, Kristiansen & Schumacher 1993. ...
Article
Phylogenetic relationships among members of the Pezizaceae were studied using 90 partial LSU rDNA sequences from 51 species of Peziza and 20 species from 8 additional epigeous genera of the Pezizaceae, viz. Boudiera, Iodophanus, Iodowynnea, Kimbropezia, Pachyella, Plicaria, Sarcosphaera and Scabropezia, and 5 hypogeous genera, viz. Amylascus, Cazia, Hydnotryopsis, Ruhlandiella and Tirmania. To test the monophyly of the Pezizaceae and the relationships to the genera Marcelleina and Pfistera (Pyronemataceae), 6 species from the families Ascobolaceae, Morchellaceae and Pyronemataceae were included. Maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses of these sequences suggest that the Pezizaceae is paraphyletic, because the non-amyloid Marcelleina is nested within it. If Marcelleina were transferred to the Pezizaceae, then the family would be monophyletic. Although the Pezizaceae is traditionally characterized by amyloid asci, our results indicate that the amyloid reaction is a symplesiomorphy, which has been lost in some lineages, e.g., in those including Marcelleina and Cazia. Nodes deep in the tree could not be resolved, but 7 groups of species (I-VII) are generally well supported or present in all trees. Peziza species, which constitute the core of the family, are present in all groups except group III, confirming the non-monophyly of the genus. The analyses suggest that the other included genera of the Pezizaceae are all nested within Peziza, the placement of Iodophanus being unresolved. The morphologically distinct Peziza gerardii, which forms a clade with Marcelleina, appears to be the sister group to the rest of the Pezizaceae. Morphological features were studied and evaluated in the context of the phylogeny. Distinct types of ascus amyloid reactions were found to support different rDNA lineages, e.g., a distinct amyloid ring zone at the apex is a synapomorphy for group IV, an intense and unrestricted amyloid reaction of the apex is mostly found in group VI, and asci that are weakly or diffusely amyloid in the entire length are present in group II. Other morphological features, such as spore surface relief, guttulation, excipulum structure and pigments, while not free from homoplasy, do support the groupings. Anamorphs likewise provide clues to higher-order relationships within the Pezizaceae. Several macro-and micromorphological features, however, appear to have evolved several times independently, including ascomatal form and habit (epigeous, semihypogeous or hypogeous), spore discharge mechanisms, and spore shape. Parsimony-based optimization of character states on our phylogenetic trees suggested that transitions to truffle and truffle-like forms evolved at least three times within the Pezizaceae (in group III, V and VI). The 9 hypogeous species included are nested in lineages with epigeous pezizaceous taxa. Species with apothecia of various shapes and with forcible spore discharge are spread among all groups and the apothecium is suggested to be symplesiomorphic in the Pezizaceae. The results indicate that the apothecia forming Pezizaceae have given rise to at least 3 different forms of hypogeous ascomata without forcible spore discharge: ptychothecia, stereothecia and exothecia.
Article
Full-text available
Lamprospora hispanica and L. tuberculatella, two rarely collected bryoparasitic Pezizales, are reported as new to Germany. The German finds are described morphologically and details of habitat preferences ands well as observation of host species are reported. The observations from the German finds are compared to the relevant published data. Lamprospora hispanica was found to be parasitic to the mosses Aloina aloides and Trichostomum crispulum. The parasite-host relationship to the latter species was hitherto unknown. Weissia spec. was observed as host of L. tuberculatella. Both species of bryoparasitic Pezizales occur in Germany mainly at warm, sun-exposed sites on small patches of disturbed soil in dry grassland. Since such habitats are endangered throughout Germany due to land use changes, it is assumed that the two species are also endangered.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.