The Types and Transition of Kasaya since the Mid Joseon Dynasty

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This is a theoretical and empirical study on Kasaya, the Buddhist monk's robe, which is one of the traditional Korean costumes that has kept it original form, as well as it being the most symbolic ritual costume in Buddhism. The purpose of the study is to see the different types of Kasaya, and the transitions it has gone through since Mid Joseon Dynasty. The analysis was performed after categorizing Kasaya in the following manner: layers, the way to wear, symbolism in construction, sewing, etc. Having a variety of Ilwolguangcheop(日月光貼) is a feature of Korean Red Kasaya. In the beginning, Its shape was very similar to shape of Hyungbae(胸背), and this was a royal gift and had the same meaning as an official uniform for a Buddhist monk. So designs of the Cheop(貼) could have been transformed from those of Hyungbae with a Buddhist twist. The conclusion of the study is as follows: Double layered Kasaya shows its transition from double layer to single layer. The fastening ornaments have been simplified in all materials from Yeongja(纓子). The latch type and three-paired Yeongja type transformed into hook type and one-paired Yeongja type. Color is the most common feature above all, and it is mainly in red. The form of Korean Kasaya has a significant relation with development of Buddhism. The integration of the Zen sect would have influenced the integration of Kasaya, which shows diversity throughout the period.

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  • 한국전통가사의 기원과 특성에 관한
  • 동국대학교 연구
  • 석사학위논문
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  • 조선조 세종의 신불에 대한
  • 동 연구
  • 국대학교
  • 석사학위논문
한기선 (1985), 조선조 세종의 신불에 대한 연구, 동 국대학교 대학원 석사학위논문, p. 28.
역주 조선불교통사 6, 서울: 동국대학교출판부
  • 조선불교통사역주편찬위원회 이능화편
조선불교통사역주편찬위원회 이능화편 (2010), 역주 조선불교통사 6, 서울: 동국대학교출판부, p. 289.