Book

Gender Trouble: Feminism And The Subversion Of Identity

Authors:
... En este capítulo, revisamos la primera y única escena Drag en ascenso en el mundo árabe, analizando las posibilidades que este arte está generando tanto para los artistas como para la comunidad queer libanesa. Basándonos en las narrativas de Judith Butler (1990) sobre el poder subversivo de lo drag, y después de entrevistar a cuatro drag queens en activo, argumentamos que el drag rompe lo binario al invitar a los artistas y al público a un viaje de autodescubrimiento interno que da como resultado la formación de identidades más fluidas fuera de la heteronomatividad. También sostenemos que los artistas drag actúan como una poderosa herramienta política que impulsa la visibilidad queer y el futuro. ...
... El drag ha sido descrito como una de las mejores herramientas desestabilizadoras para la identidad de género, ya que hace visible su carácter performativo e imitativo (Butler, 1990;Garber, 2012;Halberstam, 1998;Lorber, 1994;Muñoz , 1999). En este capítulo visitamos la primera y -de momento -única comunidad de drag queens que emerge en el mundo árabe, analizando las posibilidades que crea ese arte tanto para los artistas como para la comunidad queer. ...
... Por ello, en este trabajo, revisamos los escritos de Butler sobre el drag, analizando cómo la comunidad libanesa drag está experimentando su poder subversivo (Butler, 1990). Argumentamos que el drag cuestiona los binarismos heteronormativos a través de la apertura de nuevas mezclas y autodescubrimientos que resultan en un concepto más fluido de la identidad de género. ...
Chapter
En este capítulo analizamos las experiencias de activistas feministas costarricenses que defienden los derechos de las mujeres en redes sociales, enfatizando en las formas en las que al posicionar una agenda pro-derechos y anti-violencia, son a la vez centro de violen- cia digital ejercida por otras personas interactuantes (Sautel, et al., 2007). Los hallazgos son parte de un proceso de investigación que indaga sobre las narrativas de los activismos feministas digitales en torno a sus identidades, agendas políticas y estrategias de comuni- cación para organizar, circular y dialogar información acerca de los derechos de las muje- res y sujetos feminizados en el espacio público digital. Esto con la intención de identificar los usos políticos de las redes sociales y conocer experiencias individuales y colectivas de confrontación y superación de la violencia machista en el entorno digital.
... In sociocultural disciplines, gender identity is defined as a complex internalisation of cultural systems of meaning and subject to variation across cultures and historical periods (Butler, 1990;Mead, 1949). According to the folk concept of gender identity, gender identity is "a sense of oneself as a man, woman, or some other gender" (Jenkins, 2018). ...
... This will be applied to understand how young women present their selves and their identities in a sense of gender through social media sites as the metaphor of the front and the backstage. Also, when Butler (1990) proposed the term of gender performativity, this framework can help to understand the ways young Thai women perform their gender identity on online sites. At the same time, post-feminism by McRobbie (2009) is a useful framework for understanding how post-feminism is undermining the progress made by the first and the second waves of feminism. ...
... To gain a deeper understanding of the gender performance of young women in online sites, Judith Butler's gender performativity (1990) can be applied as a theoretical framework to develop the ideas of how young Thai women employ online spaces to perform their gender identities. The theorist Judith Butler (1990) conceptualised gender as a performance. In her theory, popular thoughts of gender and sexuality have evolved through discourse and social processes. ...
Thesis
This study explored how 18-year-old women in Bangkok used social media to negotiate and express their gender identities online. In Thailand, prevailing cultures and traditional public discourses on hetero-normative sexualities constrain young women’s gender performance both offline and online. The study interrogated processes of adaptation and resistance of traditional mainstream discourses through the consideration of social media as an alternative and flexible space for young women to negotiate and communicate diverse, autonomous gender performances. A gap was identified in terms of the ways in which identity was tactically managed and constructed within different class structures. To investigate these, young women were recruited from three socioeconomic backgrounds: lower class, middle class, and upper class. Data were gathered through interviews, focus groups, and online ethnographies, such as posted pictures, shared contents, and comments on profiles, and interpreted through a multimodal and social semiotic lens to gain deeper understandings of women's classed and gendered social media practices. By examining and cross-referencing qualitative data and the construction of online profiles deriving from different social backgrounds, insights were yielded and a snapshot of the everyday identity work of Thai young women captured as they responded to and resisted traditional forms of feminine conduct.
... The certainty of biology has been challenged in recent decades by the stance that gender identity is socially constructed, a theory that grew out of feminism and sociology (Millett 1970;Rubin, 1975;Chodorow 1978;Kessler & McKenna 1985;Butler 1990;Lorber & Farrell 1991;Young-Bruehl 1996). This notion throws up the difference between and conflation of sex and gender; and different ways of thinking about origins. ...
... From the middle to later part of the 20 th century there was a move amongst second wave feminists to describe gender difference as socially constructed and influenced by society and culture (Freiden 1963;Millet 1971;Rubin 1975;Chodorow 1978, Butler 1990).This move dissented from gender essentialism which viewed differences between men and women as innate, universal and immutable. These binary positions capture a central part of the debate about gender differences and traverse the fields of feminism, queer theory, trans studies, philosophy, sociology and psychoanalysis. ...
... These two families resist labelling and are vulnerable to misleading definitions or projections in both directions. Queer theory came to prominence academically in the early 1990's, perhaps mostly through the work of Judith Butler (1990Butler ( , 1997. The underlying ethos of queer sexuality or identity is that it is unmoored from restraining theoretical assumptions or categorisations. ...
Thesis
My thesis asks how psychoanalysis can understand gender identity; I consider this socially, culturally, and psychoanalytically, exploring the conscious and unconscious aspects of the motivation or drive to realign gender. I consider how early awareness of difference between the sexes and contrast between phantasy and reality can trigger depression, denial and conflict. When this is unmanageable it can instigate a protest, and a schism between body and mind. I have developed theoretical ideas, conducted Psychoanalytic Research Interviews to bring in lived experience, and formulated hypotheses that I discuss as a psychoanalytic psychotherapist and as a researcher. My theory chapters work through central concepts of gender and sexual identity, underpinned by Freud’s ideas, British Object Relations, the American Relational School of Psychoanalysis, Second Wave Feminist clinical and theoretical contributions including Queer theory and aspects of Lacan and Laplanche. My methodology provides a rationale for using Psychoanalytic Research Interviews specifically for this thesis, and also in the broader debate about psychoanalytic research. In my findings and discussion chapter I introduce hypotheses and interpret the interviews in relation to the theory chapters. My ideas develop from a description and exploration of sex, sexuality and gender to more distinctive propositions about the reversal of temporality into ‘I am therefore I was’ and unconscious matricidal wishes that might propel the drive to undo femaleness and femininity. Early development, Oedipal conflict, puberty, matricidal wishes, manifestations of masculinity, concreteness, fluidity, temporality and representation inform my investigation into sexual and gender identity and identification. The proliferation of young women who wish to be, or feel themselves already to be male has been seen by some as a psychic epidemic1 ; this might include the flight from womanhood and a move away from female homosexuality. By analysing the ways in which sexuality, identity, subjectivity and co-morbidity contribute to this phenomenon, I address how psychoanalysis as a discipline can better understand gender identity.
... Stigma liar yang tidak dapat di manage; berpayung pada moralitas kultur, agama dan spiritualitas, kemudian memberikan batasan-batasan atas tubuh yang tertampil. Butler (1990) pernah menyebutkan bahwa tubuh hanya hidup dalam batasan-batasan produktif dari skema regulasi tertentu; sangat digenderkan dan maskulin. Menghadapi situasi yang sangat pelik; stigma, apakah kita berpikir bahwa seorang laki-laki Gay yang melakukan prostitusi dapat coming out atas identitasnyabaik identitas seksualitas maupun identitas pekerjaan yang dilakoni? ...
... Bukan perkara mudah untuk menentang kekuatan performativitas yang sangat maskulin, bahwa laki-laki harus tampil gagah dan tidak boleh berpola tingkah seperti perempuan dan lain sebagainya. Gender yang dipahami masyarakat didasari dan dibatasi pada pemahaman mengenai seks/jenis kelamin biologis (Butler 1990). Perlu ruang perdebatan khusus untuk menyingkap prinsip-prinsip performativitas yang maskulin. ...
Conference Paper
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Dentuman level penggunaan internet tempo hari ini menjadi poin mendasar atas fenomena elektronisasi aktivitas yang dilakukan manusia, termasuk dalam hal ini berbelanja. Kalau dahulu manusia harus menembus padatnya arus jalan demi sampai ke pasar, kini, mereka dapat meminimalisir pergerakannya untuk merengkuh barang yang dikehendakinya cukup dengan memanfaatkan platform toko online. Kemudahan ini kian didukung dengan hadirnya fitur pembayaran elektronik serta layanan jasa kurir yang mampu mempertemukan kepentingan penjual dan pembeli tanpa harus terikat ruang. Internet dan kekuatannya untuk mengefisiensi, syahdan, mesti diakui semakin memanjakan manusia dalam bertransaksi. Tetapi jika mau lebih cermat, aktivitas berbelanja melalui toko online akan membawa kita pada fenomena junkspace. Sebagaimana yang dinyatakan oleh Koolhaas (2001), junkspace adalah ruang atau bangunan yang hadir di lingkungan kita, namun memiliki fungsi yang tidak maksimal –bahkan boleh dikatakan nihil. Fenomena junkspace dapat menimpa suatu ruang atau bangunan seiring dengan keberadaan teknologi mutakhir yang menggeser fungsi ruang atau bangunan tersebut. Tidak berlebihan jika Koolhaas kemudian meramal, ke depan, ruang-ruang yang berdiam di sekitar kita hanya akan menjadi repertoar etalase. Di sini, efisiensi transaksi yang ditawarkan toko online tak ayal boleh didefinisikan sebagai detik-detik kematian toko offline –misalnya pasar atau minimarket. Untuk itulah penelitian ini akan mencoba mendedah lebih dalam perihal reproduksi konsep ruang yang menjadi dalang di balik kemunculan junkspace. Reproduksi ini pada taraf teraktual akan berimbas pada pemahaman manusia akan marwah “citra” dalam konstelasi relasi sosialnya di era digital.
... This evocation is political; some people may be excluded from personhood (Eriksen, 2017) and idealized presentations of the deceased are offered (Frieman et al., 2019). Thus, gender is performed in burials (sensu Butler, 1990), but the possibilities are always materially constrained (Barad, 2003), in this case by the physicality of the corpse and the community's understanding of bodies. Gender norms, such as those manifested in burials, are never perfectly performed (Butler, 1990); each performance re-enacts or recalls norms, rather than reproducing them, and may highlight their lack of fit. ...
... Thus, gender is performed in burials (sensu Butler, 1990), but the possibilities are always materially constrained (Barad, 2003), in this case by the physicality of the corpse and the community's understanding of bodies. Gender norms, such as those manifested in burials, are never perfectly performed (Butler, 1990); each performance re-enacts or recalls norms, rather than reproducing them, and may highlight their lack of fit. Thus, burials can be sites of reflection and spark change. ...
Article
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Gender has long been recognized as an important structuring agent in Bronze Age communities across Europe. A strong impression of binary gender emerges from some Early Bronze Age cemeteries, and models of social organization developed from this evidence have greatly influenced understandings of gender across the continent. This article focuses on two regions with more equivocal evidence: Ireland and Scotland, where idiosyncratic practices characterize individual cemeteries alongside wider trends. Expressions of gender varied in radical ways between different communities, and this cannot be captured or explained by the current grand narratives for the European Bronze Age. Instead, the author argues that gender could be subtle, contextual, and of varying importance to individual communities at different times, not necessarily a common feature unifying the European Bronze Age.
... Les féministes poststructuralistes s'attachent à analyser la constitution discursive de l'identité et la performativité des actes de langage, en se basant notamment sur les travaux de Michel Foucault (1969Foucault ( , 1975 et de Judith Butler (1988Butler ( , 1990, qui ont remis en cause l'idée du « sujet » comme étant extérieur au discours. L'idée principale est que chaque individu, en tant que « sujet », n'existe pas avant le régime discursif auquel il est soumis ni en dehors de lui. ...
Article
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La crise sanitaire provoquée par la propagation de la COVID-19 a normalisé la rhétorique « guerrière » comme stratégie argumentative chez plusieurs politicien·nes. Pourtant, les médias de masse ont véhiculé une rhétorique particulière pour les femmes dirigeantes : elles auraient apporté des réponses préventives, efficaces et orientées sur la coopération contre la COVID-19. Aussi, il est à se demander si, depuis le début de la pandémie, les discours prononcés par les femmes dirigeantes prennent le contre-pied des mythes qui associent l’autonomie, la rationalité et l’intérêt national aux hommes et à la masculinité. L’objectif de cet article est d’analyser dans quelle mesure les discours de Tsai Ing-wen (Taïwan), Jacinda Ardern (Nouvelle-Zélande) et Katrín Jakobsdóttir (Islande) mobilisent des analogies guerrières dans la gestion de la crise sanitaire de COVID-19. Suivant un cadre féministe poststructuraliste issu du champ des relations internationales et une méthodologie qualitative basée sur l’analyse thématique des discours, l’article démontre que les dirigeantes mobilisent davantage des discours orientés vers l’assistance mutuelle, le care, les relations hommes-femmes, que vers la guerre, à l’exception de la dirigeante de Taïwan qui, sans adopter un discours guerrier, insiste sur le modèle « combatif » de son gouvernement.
... Essa crise da masculinidade é acompanhada pela tentativa de diluição das fronteiras entre os gêneros, no espaço doméstico e no público, como proposto pela teoria queer e outros movimentos dos estudos de gênero (SCHOLZ, 2013). Exemplos disso são as propostas de Judith Butler (1999;, para quem pensar uma ideia estável de gênero não se demonstra mais uma premissa que fundamente a política feminista, necessitando-se de uma construção variável da identidade. Ela aponta que a diferença sexual (para Scholz, a dissociação, ou binarismo de gênero) já não é um dado para a construção dessa política. ...
Article
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Resumo. Este trabalho apresenta reflexões sobre a relação em o patriarcado e a construção de regulamentações da vida social na modernidade a partir de uma lógica que dissocia o masculino (como razão esclarecida, o valor que se autovaloriza) e feminino (a natureza dominada, o valor-dissociação posto à sombra do valor). Assim, pretendo analisar as pautas do movimento LGBT brasileiro que em sua história tem navegado dentro da lógica da conquista de direitos e, portanto, ainda preso na lógica da dissociação. O referencial teórico em que caminho é a crítica do valor e da dissociação proposto por Roswitha Scholz que, junto à teoria crítica da sociedade construída iniciada por Adorno e Horkheimer, acompanha a análise do gênero como forma social fundamental para compreender a dominação do feminino e de todas as formas sociais que a ele se assemelham, postos ao largo do processo de valorização, localizados no campo do cuidado, carinho, afeto e atenção. Concluo que precisamos repensar os meios de luta política transformadora para além da lógica da organização e regulação jurídicas. Palavras-chave: Patriarcado. Gênero. Valor-dissociação. Movimentos sociais. LGBT. Abstract. This work presents reflections on the relationship between patriarchy and the construction of regulations of the social life in modernity from a logic that dissociates the masculine (as enlightened reason, the value that values itself) and the feminine (the dominated nature, the value-dissociation in the shadow of value). Thus, I intend to analyze the guidelines of the Brazilian LGBT movement that has navigated in its history within the logic of the fight for rights and therefore, still stuck in the logic of dissociation. The theoretical framework in which path is the critique of value and dissociation proposed by Roswitha Scholz that, beside the critical theory of society introduced by Adorno and Horkheimer, follows the analysis of gender as a fundamental
... The fact that these stories are presented as fragmented narratives could be interpreted as a metaphor for these women's fragmented lives and identities, for their split personalities, for their broken relationship with their mothers, or their feeling of otherness. Based on Butler's (1990) idea that gender is socially and culturally constructed, and following what Kowaleski (2009) points out in her study, my paper reveals that the women protagonists in these stories have access to a world where they can find freedom and power by cross-dressing, by acquiring masculine features and by performing masculine actions expected by society. It is only in their disguises as men that they feel liberated from the rules that patriarchal societies imposed on them. ...
... Kaya't nagiging dahilan pa nga nito minsan ang pagkawala o di kaya'y pagkabawas sa "pagkalalaki ng mga lalaki" na magdadala sa kanyang pagiging virile partner. 2 Sa ganitong pananaw natin maaaring tingnan ang juxtaposition ng paggawa sa hanay ng mga babae at lalaki sa lipunang Pilipino. Kaya't tama si Judith Butler na nagsabi noong gender is not a noun, it is performative (Butler 1999). Gayundin, maaari rin sigurong salungguhitan ang Social Solidarity ni Emile Durkheim na tumutukoy sa interdependence between individuals in a society (Durkheim 1972) sa kung papaano nagiging egalitaryado ang paggawa ng mga Pilipino sa hamon ng globalisasyon. ...
Article
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Pinipilahan, dinadagsa, at pinapangarap ng bawat manggagawang Pilipino ang ginhawang hatid ng Europa. Ang mataas na halaga ng Euro sa pandaigdigang palitan, kakaibang benepisyo, at ganda marahil ng lugar – ang ilang salik kung bakit hinihila tayong magtrabaho sa nasabing kontinente. Hindi malaon, naging bukambibig na ang ginhawang hatid ng Europa. Pagbubuo na kaya ito sa ating kamalayan ng penomenong European Dream? Kitang-kita naman sa kung papaano tinangkilik ng mga Pilipino ang Europa sa mga pinilahang pelikula na tumuon dito. Kaugnay nito, bukod tangi ang pelikula na nasa direksiyon ni Olivia Lamasan, lalo na ang Milan (2004) at Barcelona (2016) na nagtanghal at sumentro sa Italya at España – mga malalaking konsentrasyon ng Pilipino sa Europa. Mababakas sa bawat karakter, dayalog, at paggalaw ang tipikal na imahe ng lipunang Pilipinong nangangarap, nakikibaka, at nagbibigay ng ginhawa – sa Europa bilang lupain ng pangarap.
... This requires the distinction of two categories implicit in the action of any intentional subject: the motivation to act and subjective meaning. Within the wide debate on subjectivity, our position dialogues with that feminist thought (see Henriques et al., 1984;Butler, 1990) which has first of all always considered subjectivity to be situated and incorporated in power relations and dominant discourses, and consequently, in second place, felt the need to rethink subjectivity in terms that would allow for agency and political action. ...
... RE-CLAIMING IDENTITY: MAHESH DATTANI'S REPRESENTATION OF THE THIRD GENDER ASHA KUTHARI CHAUDHURI This paper will explore how western modernity disrupts the pre-colonial conception of gendered identity in India and the concomitant array of questions that it throws up, especially in the light of significant developments in the formulations of western postfeminist theorists like Judith Butler (1990Butler ( , 1998 and other Queer theorists. These are, most notably, set against the antique Indian contextual orientation of gender. ...
Chapter
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Jayshree Singh’s “History and Political Governance of Reservation Policy in India” follows this trend and offers a comprehensive analysis of modern, burning issues in the Subcontinent, by bringing the issue of caste and economic difference into the fore. Singh’s article accounts for the trajectory and meaning of Reservation Policies in India by highlighting different opinions and their consequences. Her chapter is not a mere for or against contribution but an excellent analysis of the historical and political reasons behind the different perspectives on the Reservation Policy in India. She displays the development and recurrence of the birth of the Reservation Quotas and adds a thought-provoking reading on the state of academic education in India, as well as the interference of the corporate world and its liaisons with interests and policies, which are dependent on castes and Reservation legislation.
... As a social construct, gender varies from society to society and can change over time' ( World Health Organisation, 2022 ). We understand gender to be a 'doing', constituted by the performativity of the everyday and reproduced through the (repetitive) practices of what is deemed 'appropriate' or 'typical' for men and women ( Butler, 1990 ;West & Zimmerman, 1987 ). In this respect, we understand gender performances as both conscious and unconscious, and often taken for granted (see also Hennell, Limmer, & Piacentini, 2022 ). ...
Article
Introduction Significant declines in drinking among young people have been recorded in many high-income countries over the past 20 years. This analysis explored the role of gender - which we interpret as socially constructed and relational - to provide insight into whether and how gender might be implicated in declining youth drinking. Methods Interview data from four independent qualitative studies from Australia, Denmark, Sweden and the UK (n=194; participants aged 15-19 years) were analysed by researchers in each country following agreement about analytical focus. Findings were collated by the lead author in a process of ‘qualitative synthesis’ which involved successive rounds of data synthesis and feedback from the broader research team. Findings Our analysis raised two notable points in relation to the role of gender in declining youth drinking. The first concerned the consistency and vehemence across three of the countries at which drinkers and states of intoxication were pejoratively described in gendered terms (e.g., bitchy, sleazy). The second related to the opportunities non- and light-drinking offered for expressing alternate and desirable configurations of femininities and masculinities. Conclusions We identified an intolerance towards regressive constructions of gender that emphasise weakness for women and strength for men and a valorisation of gendered expressions of maturity through controlled drinking. Though subtle differences in gendered drinking practices between and within countries were observed, our findings offer insight into how young people's enactions of gender are embedded in, and evolve alongside, these large declines in youth drinking.
... Previous research shows that the ability to categorize someone as male or female results in that person's professional affiliation or performance being evaluated through a gendered lens (Ogbor 2000;Ridgeway 2009;Glick, Wilk, and Perreault 1995). Role congruity theory (Eagly and Karau 2002) proposes that perceived nonconformity to the expected behavior attributed to a particular gender results in punishment through stigmatization and subordination (Butler 2011;Connell and Messerschmidt 2005;Cowden, Creek, and Maurer 2021). To the extent that women are rewarded for deferential and caring behavior, evidence suggests that they tend to be penalized for acting assertively or analytically (Huddy and Terkildsen 1993; see Cowden, Creek, and Maurer 2021 for reward-based crowdfunding; Eagly and Karau 2002). ...
Preprint
The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of equity crowdfunding through the lens of gender. We argue that considering gender gaps in equity crowdfunding from the investor perspective is relevant and timely, given the mutual observability and underlying social mechanisms of collective action that inform investment decisions, and the underrepresentation of female investors. Drawing on herd behavior and information cascades theory, we hypothesize that gender cues predict how prospective followers respond to past investments throughout the campaign. We hypothesize that female investors attract less follow-up funding relative to male counterparts due to stereotypical judgments, but more female followers due to homophily. By examining ~68,000 investments covering 6.5 years of activity on one of Europe's leading equity crowdfunding platforms for venture capital, we find supporting evidence of gender bias against and homophily among women, who account for 10.2% of investments and 9.3% of funding volume. Consistent with role congruity theory, we find that expert badges and profile photos moderate the gender effect, suggesting that women are penalized unless their behavior aligns with gender expectations (e.g., being emotional, attractive, or sociable). In addition, the results indicate gender discrepancies with respect to investment preferences, financial commitment, and user representation.
Article
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У раду се истражује песничка збирка Моја мама зна шта се дешава у градовима младе песникиње Радмиле Петровић, односно начин на који се у њој обликује родно. Трећа збирка Радмиле Петровић нашла се у центру пажње српске читалачке публике почетком треће деценије 21. века и у савремену поезију унела је извесне новине на тематско-мотивском плану. Битан одмак у односу на претходне збирке могуће је пронаћи у покретању питања пола и рода, а све то у контексту опозиције село–град. Појмови пола и рода у спрези су са односом према традицији, патријархату, моди, шминкању, али и политици. Као такви они функционишу као неки од основних појмова за разумевање песничког света који Радмила Петровић гради у овој збирци, те их је циљ научно осветлити и ударити темеље даљем књижевно-теоријском истраживању поезије значајних представника млађе генерације савремених песника.
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From Pussy Riot and the Arab Spring to Italian mafia dance, this collection provides an interdisciplinary analysis of relational reflexivity in political performance. By putting anthropological theory into dialogue with international development scholarship and artistic and activist practices, this book highlights how aesthetics and politics interrelate in precarious spheres of social life. The contributors of this innovative interdisciplinary volume raise questions about the transformative potential of participating in and reflecting upon political performances both as individual and as collectives. They also argue that such processes provide a rich field and new pathways for anthropological explorations of peoples' own reflections on humanity, sociality, change, and aspiration. Reflecting on political transformations through performance puts centre stage the ethical dimensions of cultural politics and how we enact political subjectivity.
Article
The language and theories of Winnicott offer a lens for examining the importance of play in the development of the queer, transgender, and/or gender-nonconforming patient and the safety that virtual spaces—specifically, video games—provide for this play. While much of the literature posits the primary therapeutic value of virtual space as the site of psychic battle, interaction with a video game avatar can also be understood as an act of queerness-as-play, a potential cornerstone of healthy identity formation that may otherwise be precluded. An example of this paradigm is given in the case report of a twenty-year-year-old transwoman who used her video game avatar as a tool in her therapeutic progress during her medical transition. For effective psychotherapy to take place, both patient and clinician must have a capacity to play. With this in mind, the clinician might best visualize the virtual space not as a battleground, but as a playground.
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According to Philostratus, Indians had founded sixty cities in sub-Saharan Africa already before the ancient times, and according to Juba of Numidia, there was an Indian colony in West Africa. According to Cornelius Nepos, an Indian tribe had sailed to Germania to do commerce, and according to Scymnus, the land of the Indians and Celts was located west from Sardinia. All these pieces of evidence have been traditionally considered invented, fictional, and unreliable. This book provides genetic, archaeological, historical, and linguistic evidence that supports the India–Africa–Europe theory, according to which the Indus Valley civilization founded a colony in Uganda 4000 – 3300 BCE and spread to West Africa and Europe 3000 – 650 BCE in the form of the Bell Beaker and the Sea People cultures. This theory was tested against data that was obtained from Mapcarta.com and Forebears.io. The research data provided additional evidence concerning the migrations from India to Western Europe via West Africa. Out of the 24 studied ancient name sets, the Ancient West African, Berber and Libu, Sea Peoples, Etruscan, and Mitanni name sets were found to have their likely urheimat in the Indian Peninsula. Although the name study did not provide dates of the migrations, supplementary data concerning the migration dates and routes was obtained from the Genetic Atlas of Human Admixture History.
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This thesis is a corpus linguistic investigation of the language used by young German speakers online, examining lexical, morphological, orthographic, and syntactic features and changes in language use over time. The study analyses the language in the Nottinghamer Korpus deutscher YouTube‐Sprache ("Nottingham corpus of German YouTube language", or NottDeuYTSch corpus), one of the first large corpora of German‐language comments taken from the videosharing website YouTube, and built specifically for this project. The metadatarich corpus comprises c.33 million tokens from more than 3 million comments posted underneath videos uploaded by mainstream German‐language youthorientated YouTube channels from 2008‐2018. The NottDeuYTSch corpus was created to enable corpus linguistic approaches to studying digital German youth language (Jugendsprache), having identified the need for more specialised web corpora (see Barbaresi 2019). The methodology for compiling the corpus is described in detail in the thesis to facilitate future construction of web corpora. The thesis is situated at the intersection of Computer‐Mediated Communication (CMC) and youth language, which have been important areas of sociolinguistic scholarship since the 1980s, and explores what we can learn from a corpus‐driven, longitudinal approach to (online) youth language. To do so, the thesis uses corpus linguistic methods to analyse three main areas: 1. Lexical trends and the morphology of polysemous lexical items. For this purpose, the analysis focuses on geil, one of the most iconic and productive words in youth language, and presents a longitudinal analysis, demonstrating that usage of geil has decreased, and identifies lexical items that have emerged as potential replacements. Additionally, geil is used to analyse innovative morphological productiveness, demonstrating how different senses of geil are used as a base lexeme or affixoid in compounding and derivation. 2. Syntactic developments. The novel grammaticalization of several subordinating conjunctions into both coordinating conjunctions and discourse markers is examined. The investigation is supported by statistical analyses that demonstrate an increase in the use of non‐standard syntax over the timeframe of the corpus and compares the results with other corpora of written language. 3. Orthography and the metacommunicative features of digital writing. This iii iv analysis identifies orthographic features and strategies in the corpus, e.g. the repetition of certain emoji, and develops a holistic framework to study metacommunicative functions, such as the communication of illocutionary force, information structure, or the expression of identities. The framework unifies previous research that had focused on individual features, integrating a wide range of metacommunicative strategies within a single, robust system of analysis. By using qualitative and computational analytical frameworks within corpus linguistic methods, the thesis identifies emergent linguistic features in digital youth language in German and sheds further light on lexical and morphosyntactic changes and trends in the language of young people over the period 2008‐2018. The study has also further developed and augmented existing analytical frameworks to widen the scope of their application to orthographic features associated with digital writing.
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When We Speak (2016, rev. 2017) is my 12-minute work for amplified solo cello and fixed electroacoustic track, commissioned by composer Samantha Wolf for an International Women’s Day Concert she organised at Melba Hall, Melbourne Conservatorium of Music, Australia, March 16, 2016. The work—a three-level collaboration—combines a partially notated, partly improvised solo cello line, performed live, with cellist also contributing sung voice, along with both the sampled voice track and music of Finnish composer Kaija Saariaho (b. 1952), in an atmospheric electroacoustic track. In When We Speak, I explore notions of “voice,” identity and gender. Saariaho has recently begun speaking on issues of gender in the music profession and beyond. She made statements in podcasts regarding her concerns for women, including offering advice to emerging composers on negotiating the music profession. The textual component in When We Speak is derived from samples taken from Saariaho’s podcast recordings. This chapter discusses my creation of a personal compositional “voice” by examining the notion of identity and gender, through intertwining and relating musical layers in the sampled voice of Saariaho, the creation of the ambient electroacoustic track, and the live cellist’s notated and partly improvised score.
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El ciclo de conferencias 2018 titulado “Tarea crítica de la Educación Inclusiva: contingencias epistémicas, emergencias metodológicas y discusiones para el presente”, organizadas por el Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos de Educación Inclusiva (CELEI) de Chile, alberga en esta versión, un total de once conferencias internacionales, a cargo de destacados investigadores, cada uno de los cuales abordará nuevas formas de teorización crítica que se cruzan e interseccionan en la creación y funcionamiento de la Educación Inclusiva. El ciclo de conferencias, se propone de esta manera, trabajar en la identificación delas tareas críticas, específicamente, en términos epistemológicos, políticos y éticos, que enfrenta la inclusión, en tanto, mecanismo de transformación de la educación para el siglo XXI. Su interés fundacional consiste en el develamiento de nuevas formas intelectuales y metodológicas que interroguen los modos de pensar, experimentar y practicar la Educación Inclusiva, desde la cristalización de nuevas espacialidades educativas, estrategias que contribuyan a movilizar nuevas racionalidades para problematizar la escolarización, el desarrollo ciudadano y político, así como, interrogar acerca de las posibilidades que proporcionan los marcos y vocabularios existentes, ante la heterotopicalidad de tensiones analítico-metodológicas que atraviesan su campo de producción. El Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos de Educación Inclusiva (CELEI) de Chile, articula su tarea desde una perspectiva ‘inter’ y ‘post’-disciplinar, teórica y analítico-metodológica desde una perspectiva crítica, sus investigadores y afiliados se posicionan en las intersecciones de las disciplinas que confluyen, crean y garantizan el conocimiento auténtico de la Educación Inclusiva, avanzando en la creación de nuevos saberes y metodologías de investigación emergentes. Por esta razón, el ciclo de conferencias, asume la necesidad deconstruir y consolidar una instancia de reflexión crítica contemporánea permanente, que eviten revisitar tópicos y discusiones permanentes desarrolladas por múltiples campos del conocimiento y que son instalados como temas del presente a través de las agendas de investigación de Educación Inclusiva, limitando a la proliferación de nuevas discusiones que oportunamente, permitan reducir y erradicar las problemáticas que organizan el campo de lucha de la inclusión. En suma, el ciclo de conferencias 2018, rechaza las dependencias epistémicas e intelectuales arraigadas en los marcos disciplinarios herrados, interesándose por aperturar nuevos focos analíticos, capaces de construir un saber para el presente. La plataforma “Tarea crítica de la Educación Inclusiva”, asume el reto de interrogar a través de una multiplicidad de perspectivas, en qué medida las discusiones, los marcos intelectuales y metodológicos y los vocabularios, asumen las tensiones contemporáneas sobre las que urge trabajar en materia de Educación Inclusiva, de no ser así, se propone ofrecer respuestas oportunas para ello.
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Lehren und Lernen findet innerhalb gesellschaftlicher Verhältnisse statt, die von Differenzordnungen geprägt sind und oft unter den Labels Diversity, Heterogenität und Inklusion diskutiert werden. Die entlang von Markierungen wie etwa race, class, gender, sexual identity, ability, body und language konstruierten Ordnungen betreffen Lehrende und Lernende. Dies bringt Herausforderungen mit sich, denen sich die Beiträge im Band aus machtkritischen Perspektiven widmen. Wissenschaftler*innen und Studierende untersuchen interdisziplinär, was es bedeutet, zu Differenz unter Bedingungen von Differenz zu lehren, wie sich Differenzordnungen auf Lernprozesse auswirken und welche Rolle Institutionen in der Konstitution von Differenzordnungen spielen. Der Band leistet dadurch einen wertvollen Beitrag zur (empirischen) erziehungswissenschaftlichen Differenzforschung.
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Gender binary is a concept that is deeply entrenched into the Indian way of thought throughout generations. Analyzing Indian life and relationships through history, we would arrive at an understanding that heterosexuality has come down to become the preferred sexual orientation, and heterosexual relations are seen as not only the traditional way of life, but at the same time is considered the only normative way. In the Indian context, the idea of sexuality has been framed over a period of eras, out of traditions and a belief structure of society that has come into contact with forces like modernization, colonization, and globalization. This chapter attempts to raise queries about the nature of sexuality in relation to portrayal of queer relationship and traces the individual's search for alternative sexuality in Ishmat Chughtai's Lihaaf, which is a pioneering work in representation of homosexuality. The chapter also deals with questions raised in relation to sexual orientation, gender crisis, and desired sex.
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Crop breeding for development has a relatively long tradition of including the perspectives of women and men farmers. However, the lack of adoption and development impacts of improved crop varieties, particularly in African countries, has led to a growing interest in novel ways of making crop breeding more responsive to the needs, preferences, and demands of different social groups of women and men in agriculture. However, many questions remain about how best to render crop breeding gender-responsive, in terms of both methodological and institutional innovations. In this paper, I investigate how gender-responsive crop breeding is practiced and negotiated, and with what effects, through an ethnographic case study of the Gender + Tools: a set of gender-responsive decision-support tools developed by the CGIAR Gender and Breeding Initiative. Using perspectives from feminist technoscience studies, I explore how the Gender + Tools take on several performative roles through which gender, crops, and crop breeding become co-constructed: as a diagnostic and screening tool, a communication and marketing tool, and a management tool. The paper provides insights that can help support and improve gender-responsive and transformative crop breeding, while also expanding the scope of feminist technoscience studies to the underexplored topic of development-oriented crop breeding in Africa.
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Ravecca, Paulo. (2019). Doing Research, from Fortress to Intimacy (HOT). En The Politics of Political Science: Re-Writing Latin American Experiences (pp. 165-207). Nueva York: Routledge. Traducción de Isabel Retamoso con la colaboración del autor. La versión original está disponible de forma gratuita en https://www.academia.edu/46892804/Doing_research_from_fortress_to_intimacy_Chapter_4_The_Politics_of_Political_Science_Routledge_2019_ Esta traducción no ha sido publicada aún; usar la referencia original para citar.
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Livro CELEI - Chile. Artigos com temática da Pedagogía Queer.
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The idea of agency has long been used in the nursing literature in the study of nurses' roles regarding the patients they take care of, but it has not often been used to study its relationship with nurses themselves and their status in the healthcare system. The purpose of this article is to analyze how the idea of agency is used in nursing research to better understand how we might advance our thinking around nurses' agency to shape nursing and healthcare with an emancipatory intent. Based on the results of a literature review focused on the study of conceptions, treatments, and applications of the concept of agency in nursing, we present a critical discussion to reflect on the need to consistently define the idea of nurses' agency, to guide research concerned with this topic in theoretical frameworks with emancipatory and social change tenets, and to make a call to develop the idea of agency as a central one to rework nurses' relationship with themselves. The idea of agency provides a valuable analytical framework for the study of a wide range of issues around nurses' status in healthcare organizations and in the healthcare system while offering a means for nurses' emancipation.
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This article describes the construction and application of a complex spiritually integrated psychotherapeutic model for assessment and treatment of internalized homophobia. Homophobia is a complex phenomenon because it includes multiple dimensions: personal, interpersonal, institutional, cultural, political, social, and historical. Internalized homophobia is a mental health problem that affects the subjectivity of 2SLGBTQ+ people. The model explained in this article is a product of the integration of principles from psychoanalytic psychotherapy, 2SLGBTQ+ affirmative framework, narrative therapy, and spiritually integrated psychotherapy. The integration is facilitated by the principles of complex thinking. This article emphasizes the problem of internalized homophobia and the coming out process from a spiritual perspective.
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This article aims to ascertain Allen Ginsberg as an intellectual and iconoclast in a world thriving upon war, consumerism and ethnocentrism. Ginsberg's literary and intellectual activism has not been limited within the U. S. and is neither centred only on his poetry. He instead, invested himself into exploring a wide foray of subaltern realities; his engagement with the Beat Generation (1948) and his antiauthoritarian and cosmopolitan intellectualism unleashed a counter-capitalist-imperialist discourse in projecting a world ravaged by cultural commodification, war and consumerism. He, along with his cohorts in Beat Generation, subverted the gender norms that essentialises heterosexual orientations and dismisses other non-heterosexual identities. This paper hinges on how Ginsberg's poetry and political self has spearheaded a creative-critical-intellectual resistance against America and other countries backed up by capitalism and war.
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Beauvoir in Time situates Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex in the historical context of its writing and in later contexts of its international reception, from then till now. The book takes up three aspects of Beauvoir's work more recent feminists find embarrassing: "bad sex," "dated" views about lesbians, and intersections with race and class. Through close reading of Beauvoir's writing in many genres, alongside contemporaneous discourses (good and bad novels in French and English, outmoded psychoanalytic and sexological authorities, ethnographic surrealism, the writing of Richard Wright and Franz Fanon), and in light of her travels to the U.S. and China, the author uncovers insights more recent feminist methodologies obscure, showing that Beauvoir is still good to think with today.
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The chapter focuses on affect as a vital part of understanding the dynamics of the therapeutic field. It approaches affect as a force that can make us do things, refuse things, move us, and connect us to things and people (Skeggs & Wood, 2012, p. 222). Drawing on recent discussions of affect in feminist and cultural theory, it traces how affects are solicitated, performed, experienced, articulated, and regulated in therapeutic engagements. What kinds of techniques are mobilized to generate affects? What kinds of affective responses and attachments does the therapeutic field enable or preclude? What kinds of feeling and narrative rules do therapeutic engagements create? How is affect intertwined with power? Although affect has been increasingly capitalized, instrumentalized, and commodified in contemporary capitalism, and particularly in the happiness industry, this chapter shows that affect is not reducible to this logic, but is fundamentally unpredictable, unruly, and protean, producing unexpected encounters and effects. The chapter traces ways in which affective attachments and investments are created and regulated in therapeutic engagements, as well as the affective experiences of my interlocutors and myself emerging out of these engagements. In attending to affect, the chapter also addresses the materialities of therapeutic engagements—how bodies, spaces, and objects come together in therapeutic events to enable or foreclose particular attachments, relations, and responses. I argue that therapeutic engagements set in motion not only empowering and rewarding, but also painful, alienating, and disconcerting experiences. These experiences may both attach practitioners to the field, and repel them from it.
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As central as bodily movement might be to geographic research, its potential as methodology is only beginning to be explored within the discipline. This paper contributes to this emerging scholarship by reviewing recent work from human geography and allied disciplines which acknowledges the importance of embodied knowledges and engages movement‐based methodologies to surface and interrogate them. In this paper we address the relative lack of attention to, and exploration of, danced movement as methodology in human geography. Drawing on a variety of scholarship we argue that danced movement is of interest to current epistemological standpoints within geography, with potential to enrich existing embodied and mobile methodological approaches, as well as serve as distinct methodology in itself, with several promising applications in geographic research already clear.
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In Bombay cinema, from the 1940s to the 1990s, with the exception of a few male actors, dancing was considered mainly an attribute of the female performer. Male stars may cavort with their lovers around trees but their bodies were not generally spectacularized through solo dance performances. This chapter engages with two exceptions to this tendency, Master Bhagwan and Amitabh Bachchan, studying the imbrication of dance, comedy, and masquerade in these performers' repertoire to analyze the relationship between film dance and cinematic articulations of masculinity. An examination of gestural vocabularies and spatial practices that choreograph a ludic queerness in the staging of “social production numbers” as well as their re‐enactment, mainly by men in public spaces, illuminates the role of comic male dancing in producing non‐hegemonic masculinities.
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Libro colectivo del Programa GEDIS, de investigación en sexualidad y género de la Universidad Alberto Hurtado.
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Ethnography has the potential to rupture and rearrange the types of robust theological imaginaries that the theological traditions produce, and it does so in ways that create space for us to lure God's own self‐revelation. Affect theory has been used by disciplines across the humanities, social sciences and even the so‐called “hard sciences.” Queer approaches to the relationship between affect and history provide a mechanism for time travel back and forth and through the Christian traditions to find the “undetonated energy from past revolutions. The chapter puts forth a methodological, even epistemological, claim about what affect and its ethnographic appearance might contribute to the production of theological knowledge. Normative theological claims are no longer the borders limiting the possible; they're the stepping‐stones allowing us to travel through and toward what's possible.
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A study is made to the created gender dichotomies and the creation of transnational mobility shift in Nigeria’s Sefi Atta’s novel, A Bit of Difference (2012). Using the novel and related trends, the article seemingly valorizes the dialectics of transnational migration on gender identities in Africa.It examines the critical discourses of feminist configurations, migrations, sexualities in the Global South countries. It constructively examines the consequences of dexterity and trajectory of gender and sexual realities and migration tenets on the cultural matrix of the people. Apparently, the article visualizes the societal tropes of peoples of the global South. It further probes into the obtrusively constructed identities and transnational migration underscoring its attendant consequences on women. It demonstrated how these impeded the exponential development of the Global South or developing countries. Suffice to say, masculine and feminist harmonization have greatly been subjected to transnational endangerment and religious strangulations aiding divergent migration of women. The article foregrounds the coloniality of gender and the polemics of male streaming of the patriarchal power. In these developing nations under examination, women and some queer functionality have not adequately attained the proper attention to advance the plethora and dynamic life events. This have constantly opposedthe polarized and escalated representations of gender proximities in divergent medium of feminization of migration processes. Together with diffuse societal configurations of gender, this article delineatesthe notions of transnational migration and sexualities, hierarchies and the trajectory of women oppression. It also examines the corollary of male genderizations in different obvious speculations. It is a backdrop against sexual prejudice and identity polarization in Global South. The article x-rays decolonial lens and Butler’s performativity to re-enact the reconstruction of gender ‘performativity’ and cultural foregrounding ‘beyond the coloniality of gender’ impasse. This will facilitate the development of critical reasoning, social realities and dovetail into the development of men and contextualization of the liberation of the genderized males and females.
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