Acute Complicated Diverticulitis Managed by Laparoscopic Lavage

Department of Surgery D, Herlev Hospital, Herlev, Denmark.
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum (Impact Factor: 3.75). 08/2009; 52(7):1345-9. DOI: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e3181a0da34
Source: PubMed


The classic surgical treatment of acute complicated sigmoid diverticulitis with peritonitis is often a two-stage operation with colon resection and a temporary stoma. This approach is associated with high mortality and morbidity and the reversal of the stoma is in many cases not performed because of concurrent diseases and age. Recently, several studies have experimented with laparoscopic lavage as a treatment of acute complicated diverticulitis. The aim of this review was to give an overview of the literature for this new approach and to determine the safety compared with Hartmann's procedure for patients with acute complicated sigmoid diverticulitis.
A PubMed search was performed for publications between 1990 and May 2008. The terms acute, perforated, diverticulitis, lavage, drainage, and laparoscopy were used in combination. The EMBASE and Cochrane databases were also searched.
Eight studies met the inclusion criteria and reported 213 patients with acute complicated diverticulitis managed by laparoscopic lavage. None of these studies were randomized. The patients' mean age was 59 years and most patients had Hinchey Grade 3 disease. All patients were treated with antibiotics and laparoscopic lavage. Conversion to laparotomy was made in six (3%) patients and the mean hospital stay was nine days. Ten percent of the patients had complications. During the mean follow-up of 38 months, 38% of the patients underwent elective sigmoid resection with primary anastomosis.
Primary laparoscopic lavage for complicated diverticulitis may be a promising alternative to more radical surgery in selected patients. Larger studies have to be made before clinical recommendations can be given.

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Available from: Mahdi Alamili, Oct 12, 2015
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    • "Several recently published reports suggest a new principle for the treatment of perforated diverticulitis, consisting of laparoscopy, lavage and drainage without colon resection [10-16]. One prospective study including 92 patients with laparoscopic lavage showed morbidity and mortality rates of 4% and 3%, respectively. "
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    ABSTRACT: Perforated diverticulitis is a condition associated with substantial morbidity. Recently published reports suggest that laparoscopic lavage has fewer complications and shorter hospital stay. So far no randomised study has published any results. DILALA is a Scandinavian, randomised trial, comparing laparoscopic lavage (LL) to the traditional Hartmann's Procedure (HP). Primary endpoint is the number of re-operations within 12 months. Secondary endpoints consist of mortality, quality of life (QoL), re-admission, health economy assessment and permanent stoma. Patients are included when surgery is required. A laparoscopy is performed and if Hinchey grade III is diagnosed the patient is included and randomised 1:1, to either LL or HP. Patients undergoing LL receive > 3L of saline intraperitoneally, placement of pelvic drain and continued antibiotics. Follow-up is scheduled 6-12 weeks, 6 months and 12 months. A QoL-form is filled out on discharge, 6- and 12 months. Inclusion is set to 80 patients (40+40). HP is associated with a high rate of complication. Not only does the primary operation entail complications, but also subsequent surgery is associated with a high morbidity. Thus the combined risk of treatment for the patient is high. The aim of the DILALA trial is to evaluate if laparoscopic lavage is a safe, minimally invasive method for patients with perforated diverticulitis Hinchey grade III, resulting in fewer re-operations, decreased morbidity, mortality, costs and increased quality of life. British registry (ISRCTN) for clinical trials ISRCTN82208287
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    ABSTRACT: A total of 100 consecutive patients with perforated duodenal or juxtapyloric ulcers were treated by: laparotomy and omental patch repair (group 1, n = 44); laparoscopic suture patch repair (group 2, n = 35); and laparoscopic fibrin glue repair (group 3, n = 21). The three groups were comparable in Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation II score and in other known operative risk factors such as shock on admission, delayed presentation and associated underlying medical illness. Operative mortality and morbidity data were identical in all groups. The mean operating time was 52.1, 101.3 and 61.1 min respectively in the three groups (group 1 versus group 2, group 2 versus group 3, and group 1 versus groups 2 and 3 combined, P < 0.001). The median number of doses of analgesia required after operation was 4, 3 and 1 respectively (group 1 versus groups 2 and 3, P < 0.05). Conversion to laparotomy was necessary in six patients in group 2 and in one in group 3 (P not significant). The median hospital stay was 5 days in all three groups. Patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of perforated peptic ulcer required fewer postoperative doses of analgesia than those who had open repair. Laparoscopic glue repair has the additional advantage over laparoscopic suture of being technically simpler; it also takes less time to perform.
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