Article

Distinct Cerebellar Contributions to Intrinsic Connectivity Networks

Service de NeuroImagerie, Hôpital des Quinze-Vingts, Université Pierre et Marie Curie Paris 6, 75012 Paris, France.
The Journal of Neuroscience : The Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience (Impact Factor: 6.34). 08/2009; 29(26):8586-94. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1868-09.2009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Convergent data from various scientific approaches strongly implicate cerebellar systems in nonmotor functions. The functional anatomy of these systems has been pieced together from disparate sources, such as animal studies, lesion studies in humans, and structural and functional imaging studies in humans. To better define this distinct functional anatomy, in the current study we delineate the role of the cerebellum in several nonmotor systems simultaneously and in the same subjects using resting state functional connectivity MRI. Independent component analysis was applied to resting state data from two independent datasets to identify common cerebellar contributions to several previously identified intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) involved in executive control, episodic memory/self-reflection, salience detection, and sensorimotor function. We found distinct cerebellar contributions to each of these ICNs. The neocerebellum participates in (1) the right and left executive control networks (especially crus I and II), (2) the salience network (lobule VI), and (3) the default-mode network (lobule IX). Little to no overlap was detected between these cerebellar regions and the sensorimotor cerebellum (lobules V-VI). Clusters were also located in pontine and dentate nuclei, prominent points of convergence for cerebellar input and output, respectively. The results suggest that the most phylogenetically recent part of the cerebellum, particularly crus I and II, make contributions to parallel cortico-cerebellar loops involved in executive control, salience detection, and episodic memory/self-reflection. The largest portions of the neocerebellum take part in the executive control network implicated in higher cognitive functions such as working memory.

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Available from: Christophe Habas, Jan 05, 2016
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    • "Projections from associative, limbic and motor territories of the subthalamic nucleus terminate in motor and non-motor cerebellar regions, highlighting this as a critical pathway for integrating basal ganglia and cerebellar function across a range of behavioural modalities (Bostan et al., 2013). From a networks perspective, cerebellar motor subregions show preferential coupling with the cortical sensorimotor network, while cognitive subregions are associated with large-scale cortical networks involved in cognitive and limbic function, including the cognitive control, salience and default networks (Habas et al., 2009;Buckner et al., 2011). Although cerebellar architecture is arguably more complex than two distinct subsystems (Buckner et al., 2011), the division into motor and cognitive cerebellar territories reflects the underlying structural connectivity with the cortex and it subsumes the more detailed modules described in functional parcellation schemes. "
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