[Constructing tissue engineered trachea-like cartilage graft in vitro by using bone marrow stromal cells sheet and PLGA internal support: experimental study in bioreactor].

    Abstract

    To explore the feasibility of constructing tissue engineered trachea-like cartilage graft in vitro by using bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) sheet and PLGA internal support.
    Rabbit BMSCs were expanded and induced by transforming growth factor-1 to improve chondrocyte phenotype of BMSCs. BMSCs sheets were obtained by continuous culture and wrapped the PGLA scaffold in the shape of cylinder. The constructs were incubated in spinner flask for 8 weeks and cartilage formation was investigated by gross inspection, histology, glycosaminoglycan and mechanical strength content.
    After in vitro culture, cartilage like tissue in cylindrical shape had been regenerated successfully. Stiff, shiny, pearly opalescence tissues were observed. Histological analysis showed engineered trachea cartilage consisted of evenly spaced lacunae embedded in matrix, cells stationed in the lacunae could be noticed clearly. Safranin-O staining on the sections showed homogenous and positive red staining, which demonstrated that the engineered tissue was rich in proteoglycans.
    Based on the cell sheet and internal support strategy, trachea-like cartilage in cylindrical shape could be successfully fabricated which provided a highly effective cartilage graft substitute and could be useful in many situations of trachea-cartilage loss encountered in clinical practice.