Who Succeeds in Jail Diversion Programs for Persons with Mental Illness? A Multi-Site Study

Policy Research Associates, Inc., Delmar, NY 12054, USA.
Behavioral Sciences & the Law (Impact Factor: 0.96). 09/2009; 27(5):661-74. DOI: 10.1002/bsl.883
Source: PubMed


This study examined how the characteristics of people with mental illness who are participants in post-booking jail diversion programs affect recidivism and time spent incarcerated. The study employed data from a multi-site, federally funded jail diversion initiative. A pre-post comparison design was used to compare experiences of arrest and days spent in jail of diverted individuals for the 12 months following enrollment with the 12 months prior to enrollment. Also compared were differences in 12-month public safety outcomes. Data were collected between February 2003 and August 2007. The findings suggest that people with mental illness who are diverted from jail to community-based services experience fewer arrests and jail days. Approximately half of the sample were never arrested during the 12 months following enrollment. The strongest differences between people who experienced reduced contact with the criminal justice system and people with unchanged or increased contact were found in measures of criminal history. The results suggest that services targeted to diverted individuals with mental illness should address public safety goals, not just those of public health.

64 Reads
  • Source
    • "They found that 18% were reincarcerated for new criminal acts during the follow-up period, and 16% were reincarcerated for technical violations. Case et al. (2009) analyzed data for 14 jail diversion programs receiving federal funding to work with offenders with mental illness. They tracked rearrests among 546 study participants and found that 52.7% were rearrested within 1 year of entering the program. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mental health courts have recently emerged as one means to reduce the number of persons with mental illness in the criminal justice system. Using a post-test only comparison group design, this study examined rearrest rates for 1year post discharge among three groups meeting admission criteria for a municipal mental health court. The rearrest rate of defendants who successfully completed the program (N = 351) was 14.5%, compared to 38% among defendants negatively terminated from the program (N = 137), and 25.8% among defendants who chose not to participate (N = 89). This positive result held even when controlling for a range of variables in a Cox regression survival analysis. Factors associated with rearrest are identified for each of the three groups. KeywordsMental health court–Recidivism–Mentally ill offenders–Diversion
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · American Journal of Criminal Justice
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Summary form only given. In a toroidal experimental device bounded whistlers are launched to produce the RF plasma. These waves are toroidal counterparts of helicon waves in thin cylindrical tubes, where poloidal mode coupling plays a significant role. In the steady state average electron density of ≈1012 per cc and average electron temperature of ≈20 eV are obtained at 10-3 mbar of the argon filling pressure and less than 600 G of ambient toroidal magnetic field. In these experiments input power level in the EMHD regime (ωth≪ω≪ωcc) is kept below 1.5 kW. In this paper we shall present their radio frequency breakdown and discharge sustaining capabilities. After breakdown stage, discharge is sustained by toroidal bounded whistlers as confirmed by wave vector measurements. In these pulsed experiments time evolution behaviour of the discharge is studied in four distinct phases of RF breakdown, steady state attainment, decay and afterglow. Experimental results based on toroidal mode structure, background effects, time evolution of distribution function and other plasma parameters of interest will be presented and their implication in understanding the breakdown
    No preview · Article · Jan 2000 · IEEE International Conference on Plasma Science
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The existence of people with mental disorders in prisons is a reality found worldwide. The purpose of this article is not only to review the publications on this subject in 2009 but also to stimulate discussions that could contribute to its further scientific study. Most studies published in 2009 related to drug use among inmates and its consequences made it clear that this kind of disorder has a closer relationship with the crime than with mental illness. The existence of the mentally ill in prisons is a complex issue and the studies attempt to analyze aspects such as the type of disorder, sex of criminals, the opposition between incarceration and treatment, policy, harm reduction and stigma. A further study on the variables raised in this work is required, as well as examining others, to the extent that they are relevant to the various socio-economic and cultural realities.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Current opinion in psychiatry
Show more