A false positive for metastatic lymph nodes in the axillary region of a breast cancer patient following mastectomy
Department of Breast Oncology, Saitama International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1397-1 Yaname, Hidaka, Saitama, Japan. Breast Cancer
(Impact Factor: 1.59).
07/2009; 18(2):141-4. DOI: 10.1007/s12282-009-0125-9
Recent advanced imaging modalities such as positron emission tomography (PET) detect malignancies using 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (18-FDG) with high accuracy, and they contribute to decisions regarding diagnosis, staging, recurrence, and treatment response. Here, we report a case of false-positive metastatic lymph nodes that were diagnosed by PET/CT and ultrasonography in a 48-year-old breast cancer patient who had undergone mastectomy. The tumors, which were oval shaped and resembled lymph nodes, were detected by ultrasonography. PET/CT revealed high uptake of 18-FDG in the tumors. To investigate the proposed recurrence and to re-evaluate the biology of the recurrent tumors, a tumor was removed from the brachial plexus of the patient. Histological findings revealed it to be a schwannoma. All imaging modalities including PET/CT failed to distinguish benign tumors from metastatic lymph nodes in the brachial plexus. After resection of the schwannomas, the patient complained of a slight motor disorder of the second finger on the right hand. Hence, it is important to consider a false-positive case of lymph node metastasis in a breast cancer patient following mastectomy.
Available from: Mustafa Kibar
- "Thus, a noninvasive, single-session approach may be desirable. Advanced imaging modalities such as positron emission tomography with computed tomography detects malignancies using 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG PET CT) with high accuracy and they contribute to decisions regarding diagnosis, staging, recurrence, and treatment response [6, 7]. The addition of 18F-FDG PET CT in the standard workup of breast cancer may lead to the detection of unexpected metastasis in the initial staging as well as the detection of recurrences . "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among females. It is accepted that lymph node involvement with metastatic tumor and the presence of distant metastasis are the most important prognostic factors. Accurate staging is important in determining prognosis and appropriate treatment. Positron emission tomography with computed tomography detects malignancies using 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG PET CT) with high accuracy and they contribute to decisions regarding diagnosis, staging, recurrence, and treatment response. Here, we report a case of false positive metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes that were diagnosed by 18F-FDG PET CT in a 40-year-old breast cancer patient who had undergone preoperative evaluation. Right paratracheal, prevascular, aorticopulmonary, precarinal, subcarinal, hilar, and subhilar multiple conglomerated mediastinal lymph nodes were revealed in addition to left breast mass and axillary lymph nodes. Mediastinoscopy was performed with biopsy and pathology was reported as granulomatous lymphadenitis. In conclusion, any abnormal FDG accumulation in unusual lymph nodes must be evaluated carefully and confirmed histopathologically.
Available from: Ahmet Emre Eskazan
- "Schwannomas with high FDG uptake on PET have been described in the brachial plexus , liver , esophagus , posterior mediastinum , paravertebral area , in the extremities , and chest wall . Chang et al. reported a case of a schwannoma presenting as an enlarging cervical node demonstrated by PET-CT in a patient with lung cancer that mimicked lung cancer metastasis . "
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
Schwannomas are mostly benign tumors arising from Schwann cells of the nerve sheaths. Breast schwannomas are very rare and account for only 2.6% of cases. As far as we know this is the first reported case of breast schwannoma discovered in a patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The breast schwannoma was evaluated with positron emission tomography and it exhibited moderate 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake.
We present the case of a breast schwannoma in a 63-year-old Caucasian woman who was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
Imaging modalities including positron emission tomography-computed tomography failed to distinguish breast schwannoma from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involvement of the breast.
Available from: pubs.rsna.org
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the accuracy, reproducibility, and reliability of unenhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging techniques for detecting metastatic axillary lymph nodes in patients with newly diagnosed breast carcinoma.
Institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained. Seventy-four consecutive women with invasive breast carcinoma were recruited to undergo preoperative breast MR imaging. Thirteen patients were excluded, two because they were undergoing preoperative chemotherapy and 11 because of the presence of movement or susceptibility artifacts on images. Thus, 61 patients (mean age, 53 years; range, 33-78 years) were included in this study. Axial T1-weighted MR images without fat saturation and diffusion-weighted (DW) MR images were analyzed by two experienced radiologists, who were blinded to the histopathologic findings. Visual and quantitative analyses of unenhanced MR images were performed. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated. To assess the intraobserver agreement, a second reading was performed. Statistical analysis was conducted on a patient-by-affected side basis.
The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 88%, 82%, and 85%, respectively, for axial T1-weighted MR imaging and 84%, 77%, and 80% for DW imaging. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) were significantly lower in the malignant group (P<.05 for all four readings), with the average of the four readings ranging from 0.333×10(-3) mm2/sec to 2.843×10(-3) mm2/sec. The mean Lin coefficient comparing the mean ADC reading for each observer was 0.959 (95% confidence interval: 0.935, 0.975), suggesting very high interobserver agreement between the two observers in terms of reproducibility of ADCs. The Bland-Altman plot showed good inter- and intraobserver agreement.
Unenhanced MR imaging techniques showed high accuracy in the preoperative evaluation of axillary status in patients with invasive breast cancer. Results indicate reliable and reproducible assessment with DW imaging, but it is unlikely to be useful in clinical practice.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.