Article

Anti-inflammatory activity of a globular adiponectin function on RAW 264 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide from Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans

Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.
FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology (Impact Factor: 3.08). 06/2009; 56(3):241-7. DOI: 10.1111/j.1574-695X.2009.00573.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Adiponectin is an adipokine with potent anti-inflammatory properties. We previously reported that a globular adiponectin (gAd) suppresses Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide-induced nuclear factor-kappaB activity, suggesting an anti-inflammatory effect of gAd. In this study, we investigated whether gAd is able to modulate the effect of A. actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide on cytokine induction in a murine macrophage cell line (RAW 264). The phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and IkappaB kinase alpha/beta and the degradation of IkappaB, which were induced by A. actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide intoxication, were clearly reduced in gAd-pretreated RAW 264 cells compared with the untreated cells. Expression levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA were assessed by real-time PCR. Cell-free supernatants were collected after 12 h of stimulation and analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for TNF-alpha and IL-10. Pretreatment with gAd significantly inhibited the A. actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide-induced TNF-alpha mRNA expression and protein secretion. In contrast, pretreatment with gAd significantly enhanced the A. actinomycetemcomitans lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-10 mRNA expression and protein secretion. These data suggest a mechanism for the anti-inflammatory activity of gAd in local inflammatory lesions, such as periodontitis.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Kazuaki Nonaka, Jan 27, 2015
  • Source
    • "According to the initial results, pg.lps with the concentration of 10 ng/ml for 2 and 4 h was applied in the further experiment in vitro. When the cells (RAW264.7 cells, BMDM, TEPM) were stimulated by pg.lps and recombinant mouse APN (1 mg/ml; R&D Systems, Wiesbaden, Germany), the concentrations of the APN applied were based on the results from other studies to ensure that data are comparable (Kamio et al., 2009; Kraus et al., 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Emerging evidence suggests an important role for epigenetic mechanisms in modulating signals during macrophage polarization and inflammation. JMJD3, a JmjC family histone demethylase necessary for M2 polarization is also required for effective induction of multiple M1 genes by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, the effects of JMJD3 to inflammation in the context of obesity remains unknown. To address this deficiency, we firstly examined the expression of JMJD3 in macrophage isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue of diet induced obesity (DIO) mice. The results indicated that JMJD3 was down-regulated in obesity. Adiponectin (APN), a factor secreted by adipose tissue which is down-regulated in obesity, functions to switch macrophage polarization from M1 to M2, thereby attenuating chronic inflammation. Intriguingly, our results indicated that APN contributed to JMJD3 up-regulation, reduced macrophage infiltration in obese adipose tissue, and abolished the up-regulation of JMJD3 in peritoneal macrophages isolated from DIO mice when challenged with Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (pg.lps). To elucidate the interaction of APN and JMJD3 involved in macrophage transformation in the context of inflammation, we designed the loss and gain-function experiments of APN in vivo with APN−/− mice with experimental periodontitis and in vitro with macrophage isolated from APN−/− mice. For the first time, we found that APN can help to reduce periodontitis-related bone loss, modulate JMJD3 and IRF4 expression, and macrophage infiltration. Therefore, it can be inferred that APN may contribute to anti-inflammation macrophage polarization by regulating JMJD3 expression, which provides a basis for macrophage-centered epigenetic therapeutic strategies
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
  • Source
    • "According to the initial results, pg.lps with the concentration of 10 ng/ml for 2 and 4 h was applied in the further experiment in vitro. When the cells (RAW264.7 cells, BMDM, TEPM) were stimulated by pg.lps and recombinant mouse APN (1 mg/ml; R&D Systems, Wiesbaden, Germany), the concentrations of the APN applied were based on the results from other studies to ensure that data are comparable (Kamio et al., 2009; Kraus et al., 2012). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Emerging evidence suggests an important role for epigenetic mechanisms in modulating signals during macrophage polarization and inflammation. JMJD3, a JmjC family histone demethylase necessary for M2 polarization is also required for effective induction of multiple M1 genes by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, the effects of JMJD3 to inflammation in the context of obesity remains unknown. To address this deficiency, we firstly examined the expression of JMJD3 in macrophage isolated from bone marrow and adipose tissue of diet induced obesity (DIO) mice. The results indicated that JMJD3 was down-regulated in obesity. Adiponectin (APN), a factor secreted by adipose tissue which is down-regulated in obesity, functions to switch macrophage polarization from M1 to M2 (Jenke et al., 2014), thereby attenuating chronic inflammation. Intriguingly, our results indicated that APN contributed to JMJD3 up-regulation, reduced macrophage infiltration in obese adipose tissue, and abolished the up-regulation of JMJD3 in peritoneal macrophages isolated from DIO mice when challenged with Porphyromonas gingivalis LPS (pg.lps). To elucidate the interaction of APN and JMJD3 involved in macrophage transformation in the context of inflammation, we designed the loss and gain-function experiments of APN in vivo with APN-/- mice with experimental periodontitis and in vitro with macrophage isolated from APN -/- mice. For the first time, we found that APN can help to reduce periodontitis-related bone loss, modulate JMJD3 and IRF4 expression and macrophage infiltration. Therefore, it can be inferred that APN may contribute to anti-inflammation macrophage polarization by regulating JMJD3 expression, which provides a basis for macrophage-centered epigenetic therapeutic strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
  • Source
    • "Adiponectin reduced significantly the constitutive TNFα expression. A number of studies have shown that adiponectin counteracts the stimulatory effects of periodontopathogens or IL-1β on the expression of proinflammatory cytokines in periodontal cells [40, 65, 70]. Therefore, our findings are in line with these studies and emphasize the anti-inflammatory characteristics of this adipokine. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes and obesity are increasing worldwide and linked to periodontitis, a chronic disease which is characterized by the irreversible destruction of the tooth-supporting tissues, that is, periodontium. The mechanisms underlying the association of diabetes mellitus and obesity with periodontal destruction and compromised periodontal healing are not well understood, but decreased plasma levels of adiponectin, as found in diabetic and obese individuals, might be a critical mechanistic link. The aim of this in vitro study was to examine the effects of adiponectin on periodontal ligament (PDL) cells under normal and regenerative conditions, and to study the regulation of adiponectin and its receptors in these cells. Adiponectin stimulated significantly the expression of growth factors and extracellular matrix, proliferation, and in vitro wound healing, reduced significantly the constitutive tumor necrosis factor- α expression, and caused a significant upregulation of its own expression. The beneficial actions of enamel matrix derivative on a number of PDL cell functions critical for periodontal regeneration were partially enhanced by adiponectin. The periodontopathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis inhibited the adiponectin expression and stimulated the expression of its receptors. In conclusion, reduced levels of adiponectin, as found in type 2 diabetes and obesity, may compromise periodontal health and healing.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · Journal of Diabetes Research
Show more