Unidirectional P-Body Transport during the Yeast Cell Cycle

University of Strasbourg, France
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.23). 06/2014; 9(6):e99428. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099428
Source: PubMed


P-bodies belong to a large family of RNA granules that are associated with post-transcriptional gene regulation, conserved from yeast to mammals, and influence biological processes ranging from germ cell development to neuronal plasticity. RNA granules can also transport RNAs to specific locations. Germ granules transport maternal RNAs to the embryo, and neuronal granules transport RNAs long distances to the synaptic dendrites. Here we combine microfluidic-based fluorescent microscopy of single cells and automated image analysis to follow p-body dynamics during cell division in yeast. Our results demonstrate that these highly dynamic granules undergo a unidirectional transport from the mother to the daughter cell during mitosis as well as a constrained "hovering" near the bud site half an hour before the bud is observable. Both behaviors are dependent on the Myo4p/She2p RNA transport machinery. Furthermore, single cell analysis of cell size suggests that PBs play an important role in daughter cell growth under nutrient limiting conditions.

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Available from: Aimée M Dudley, Jun 13, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Author Summary Cells undergoing changes in gene expression programs such as nutritional deprivation and other stresses exhibit formation of ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the majority of investigations to date involve analysis of P-body (PB) and stress-granule RNP formation following nutritional stress. Few studies have investigated RNP formation induced by the mating-MAP-kinase pathway. In this study, we examined how this process influences genome stability via control of retrotransposon activation. During the mating response, expression of the retrotransposon Ty3 is induced and Ty3 virus-like particles form in RNP clusters called retrosomes. We show that mating retrosomes contain PB components that are essential for Ty3 expression, re-localization of Ty3 RNA and protein from polysomes into foci, and retrotransposition. In animal germ cell lineages, PB components are found in perinuclear complexes with RNA interference suppressors of retrotransposition. We speculate that when RNA interference is relaxed and retrotransposition is observed, some members of these complexes play positive roles as we observe in budding yeast.
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