Institut für Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Deutschland
Der Nervenarzt (Impact Factor: 0.79). 03/2012; 83(3). DOI: 10.1007/s00115-011-3253-3
From 1934 to 1945, 350,000–400,000 human beings were sterilised by force in the German Reich. Forced sterilisation was based on the Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses (Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring). The Heil- und Pflegeanstalt (State Hospital) Günzburg was one of the institutions where compulsory sterilisation was practised.
Data evaluation was based on patient documents and annual reports of the archives of today’s district hospital at Günzburg. Patient records were analysed with respect to predefined criteria. The municipal archives of Günzburg provided further historical sources and data.
Between 1934 and 1943, 366 patients were sterilised in the Heil- und Pflegeanstalt (State Hospital) Günzburg. Age, sex and diagnosis were found to be criteria relevant for selection of patients for sterilisation.
The study was able to show the active involvement of the Heil- und Pflegeanstalt (State Hospital) Günzburg in the compulsory sterilisation programme.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Summary On the following pages the actual state of the research concerning the fate of mentally ill people in the psychiatric hospital
of Klagenfurt am Wörthersee during the national socialistic era is described. Sterilisations based on the “Erbgesundheitsgesetz”,
deportations to the Castle of Hartheim near Linz, transports to Klagenfurt and killing in the departments of the hospital
are documented. A big historical archiv could be a rich fund for further research.
Full-text · Article · Apr 2011 · Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie
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