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Towards the Interoperable, Hyper-Connected World: A Foreword to the Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Information Society and Technology

Towards the Interoperable, Hyper-Connected
World: A Foreword to the Proceedings of the 4th
International Conference on Information Society
and Technology
Milan Zdravković*, Miroslav Trajanović*, Zora Konjović**
* Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Niš, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia
** Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia,,
The 4th International Conference on Information
Society and Technology (ICIST 2014) was organized in
Kopaonik winter resort, Serbia, 9-11.3.2014. The
conference provided a venue for ICT researchers and
practitioners from all over the world to present their
research results and development activities, to exchange
experiences and new ideas, and to establish the
relationships for a future collaboration. The International
Programme Committee (IPS) gathered 48 ICT experts
from industry and academy from 18 countries, giving the
truly international dimension to a review process.
While the numerous and diverse topics were considered
relevant for the conference, the prospective authors were
invited to discuss about the specific challenges of
enterprise and systems interoperability. The topic was
selected by the conference chairs as a reflection of the first
published ICT work programmes of the recently launched
European framework for funding research and innovation,
Horizon 2020 (H2020).
Today, ICT research community is facing the numerous
challenges related to a need to strive towards a hyper-
connected world with hundreds of billions of devices
fuelled by ambient and pervasive services (H2020 ICT
Challenge 3 – Future Internet). Driven by the paradigms,
such as Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), Internet of
Things (IoT) and Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), this
world will change the way we perceive the computing
capability. It will feature strong collaboration and
coordination, smart and autonomous behavior and
collective intelligence. It will use extensive data, open and
linked, from distributed sources. It will be capable to
acquire and manage knowledge based on this data. It will
combine different services to swiftly implement and
deploy business processes.
While the diversity of devices is also rapidly growing, it
becomes more and more difficult to make them
collaborate, due to a complexity caused by the fragmented
architectures and incoherent unifying concepts. One
approach to address this challenge is to foster application-
independent development of a new generation of
connected components and systems (ICT Challenge 1 – A
new generation of components and systems),
complemented by externally located behavioral and
context models. These challenges alone cannot be
addressed without the consideration of the computing
issues (ICT Challenge 2 - Advanced Computing) and
information management of big data in distributed sources
(ICT Challenge 4 – Content technologies and information
Defined by ISO/IEC 2382 as “capability to
communicate, execute programs, or transfer data among
various functional units in a manner that requires the user
to have little or no knowledge of the unique characteristics
of those units”, the enterprise interoperability is a common
denominator of all challenges of so-called hyper-
connected world. The collaboration of the devices cannot
be achieved without enabling them with a seamless
capability to exchange, use and re-use information and
services, even without taking into account the nature
and/or purpose of this information and services. Thus, the
devices need to have capability, not only to exchange this
information, but also to perceive and understand it.
The specific objective of ICIST 2014 was to gather the
top experts in the different ICT areas, to discuss about the
specific aspects of enterprise and systems interoperability.
A total of 90 papers were submitted to the conference,
each peer-reviewed by 1-3 members of IPC or external
reviewers. 49 papers were accepted for oral presentation,
resulting with a regular papers acceptance rate of 54%.
These papers are published in Volume 1 of this book.
Based on the content, the oral presentations during the
conference were organized in 8 sessions.
The session on the Business process modeling and
management dealt with the interesting topics of business
requirements negotiation, dynamic manufacturing
networks, emergency management tools and collaborative
business process assessment. It also presented some
practical solutions, related to managing the processes of
healthcare products manufacturing and integration of the
enterprise portals.
This year’s ICIST received a relatively large number of
papers in the area of energy management. Given the
significance of the different energy efficiency and
sustainability issues, especially in context of the emerging
challenges of industrial symbiosis and importance of
enterprise interoperability for its resolution, one session
was dedicated to this area. It presented 5 papers on the IT
support to renewable energy exploitation and novel
methods for energy management, e.g. genetic algorithms.
The session on Internet of Things hosted 6 papers,
mostly dealing with deployment of sensor-based
technologies. The authors were addressing the important
issues of WSN and sensor lifetime, usability, false
detection filtering, network monitoring and data
visualization. An interesting case study of motion analysis
with wearable sensors was also presented.
Knowledge acquisition, management and interpretation
are recognized as some of the biggest challenges in
handling big data from disparate sources in hyper-
connected world, collected from multi-modal and multi-
dimensional stimuli. This topic was addressed by 8 papers
in a separate ICIST 2014 session. The authors dealt with
context-modeling, mapping standards to ontologies,
knowledge management in virtual communities, reasoning
in semantic network, interpretation of knowledge from
speech and medical images.
While the new circumstances are changing our
perception of the computing technologies, the software
development paradigms will also have to face new
obstacles, mostly related to deployment platforms which
are now evolving from static computers to dynamic
sensors and associated processing devices. The Software
Development topic was addressed by 6 papers, presented
in a dedicated session. The papers discussed about the
database architectures, tools for agent-oriented languages,
visualization and performance evaluation.
The great most of the authors dealt with the social and
technological challenges related to the paradigms of
information society. Total of 10 papers were presented in
two sessions on E-Society and E-Learning. The topics
addressed were: assessment of information society
development and e-Government interoperability, linked
open data, scientific & research results management and
evaluation, electronic public services, new technology-
enabled teaching methods and sentiment data analysis.
This year’s ICIST hosted Technical Committee (TC)
5.3 “Enterprise Integration and Networking” of the
International Federation for Automatic Control (IFAC),
who used this opportunity to organize a special session on
Interoperability of Ubiquitous Systems: the future of the
A very high interest of researchers’ community to the
new paradigm of ubiquitous computing gave rise to the
concepts synthesized in a term of Internet-of-Everything
(IoE). Today, the different devices with digital
information and services are embedded into our everyday
environment, interacting with us and other devices,
sometimes without any mutual awareness of this
interaction. One of the concepts that are foreseen to have a
very big impact on the future IoE initiatives is the
interoperability of the ubiquitous systems. This specific
topic was addressed by 7 papers in the dedicated session.
The session proposed the theoretical concept of
interoperability as a property of a ubiquitous system and
discussed about it in the case of disaster management
scenario. The discussion on the location-based services
was facilitated by the papers which addressed the use of
ontologies in cadastral systems and context-driven web-
map solutions. Furthermore, interesting discussions on the
interoperability issues in citizen-centric IoT, cross-
organizational business processes and industrial symbiosis
were presented.
A. Poster sessions
To foster the scientific discussion and to pursue the
collaboration opportunities, ICIST also organized poster
sessions. The poster sessions included papers passing the
minimum threshold of scientific merit, presenting and
discussing about the interesting relevant ideas.
36 papers were presented during the two poster
sessions, organized in different groups on the topics of
integration and interoperability, computing, hardware and
telecommunications, information systems and e-society, e-
government and e-learning. All papers accepted for the
poster sessions are published in Volume 2 of this book.
B. Invited Keynote
With aim to provide truly inspiring settings for the
scientific discussion, this year’s ICIST 2014 invited Prof.
Ricardo Jardim-Gonçalves, from UNINOVA, Portugal to
introduce the participants to the possible impact of the
pervasive computing to new organizational forms and
business models.
In his talk, he addressed the actual developments and
trends in the domain of Digital and Sensing Enterprise
(with objects, equipment, and technological infrastructures
exhibiting advanced networking and processing
capabilities), and he gave insights concerning the
realization of these concepts in the advent of the Internet
of Everything.
C. “Manufacturing the Future”
The scientific programme of ICIST 2014 was
complemented with the training activities, through the
workshop “Manufacturing the Future: Automating and
Connecting Dynamic Production Networks”.
The workshop was organized by IMAGINE FP7
Project, funded by the European Commission under the
“Virtual Factories and Enterprises” theme of the 7th
Framework Programme (FoF-ICT-2011.7.3, Grant
Agreement No: 285132).
The editors would like to thank all members of the
organizing committee of YUINFO conference for
providing the full logistics and all other kinds of support
to ICIST 2014.
The editors wish also to express their sincere
appreciation to the members of IPC and external
reviewers who contributed to the quality of this year’s
programme by providing the detailed and timely reviews.
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