Article

Sedentarismo y su relación con la calidad de vida relativa a salud: Cuba, 2001

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Abstract

Physically active lifestyle improves the feelings of general welfare and health, being sedentary lifestyle one of the modifiable risk factors of highest prevalence in general population. The health-relative quality of life explores perception of the individual about his health and the impact of health interventions; this prompted the description of the health-relative quality of life in sedentary and non-sedentary people in Cuba . Absolute numbers, percentages and confidence intervals were estimated. Being a sedentary person leads to a significant reduction of the optimal health-relative quality of life. Among men with optimal health-relative quality of life, the ratio of non sedentary to sedentary men was higher, but this ratio was different in women due to other factors that were not controlled. As age increases, the number of persons with optimal health-relative quality of life for non-sedentary and sedentary lifestyles lowers significantly. Because of their additional activity, the non-sedentary people exhibited higher percentage of optimal health-relative quality of life than sedentary persons on account of their main activity.

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... Jacoby, Bull y Neiman (2003) recomiendan hacer, al menos cinco veces a la semana, 30 minutos diarios de actividad física moderada, por lo que estos estudiantes rebasan esa recomendación. De igual forma, se sabe que el sedentarismo facilita la aparición de algunos tipos de cáncer, diabetes tipo 2, enfermedades cardiovasculares; aumenta las tasas de mortalidad, lo que conlleva a una menor longevidad (García, García, Pérez y Bonet, 2007). Afortunadamente, el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo modificable en la población general, por lo que en estudiantes que no realizan ninguna práctica deportiva sería factible modificar esta conducta para motivarlos a que lo hicieran cotidianamente. ...
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... El sedentarismo es uno de los causantes de que las personas reduzcan progresivamente su fuerza muscular a razón del no acondicionamiento físico permanente que se presenta por la ausencia de la práctica de actividad física, teniendo en cuenta que las personas que se mantienen en constante reposo presentan un gasto energético bajo, lo que origina una acumulación excesiva de calorías en el cuerpo por el poco consumo energético, y porque la inactividad no va acompañada de una disminución en la ingesta calórica, se convierte en grandes depósitos de grasas y provoca una mayor demanda en el funcionamiento del organismo principalmente en el sistema cardiovascular donde se tiene bajo gasto cardíaco, aumento en la tensión arterial y la frecuencia cardíaca. Para un equilibrio sistémico y metabólico debe existir una proporción adecuada entre el consumo de nutrientes ricos en calorías y gastos calóricos, que se obtiene mediante la práctica habitual de ejercicio físico (García, García Pérez y Bonet, 2007). ...
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... El estilo de vida sedentario permite la aparición de enfermedades cardiacas, algunos tipos de cáncer, diabetes tipo II, infarto de miocardio y ciertos desórdenes músculo esqueléticos (Booth, Chakravarthy, Gordon & Spangenburg, 2002;García Pérez, García Roche, Pérez Jiménez & Bonet Gorbea, 2007;Martinson, O'Connor & Pronk, 2001). La prevalencia de estas enfermedades, son un grave problema para la salud pública, ya que una proporción considerable de la mortalidad, es ocasionada por las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles más frecuentes. ...
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Present article approaches the quality of life related to health and significance of motivations, main personality features as psychobiological creation and at the same time the psychosocial for human health. Authors present the personological approach of quality of life relative to health and the motivation process significance for health. It was analyzed that prevention actions to decrease the morbidity and the mortality from chronic diseases in primary health care scenarios not only must the offer information to achieve a strong motivation to health, but that subject must to be lead to a responsible attitude of its car, to do a greater social activity through the membership primary groups allowing its strengthening. Intervention strategies must to be designed, centered on the hierarchical structure modification of individual and group motivation sphere in community to achieve behavioral changes translated into quality of life improvements of population.
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A comparative descriptive study was conducted with 563 students of Autonomous University of Zacatecas «Francisco García Salinas» aimed at determining body mass index, level and reasons for the practice of physical activity among the university students of the above institution. According to the body mass index, the 21, 5 % was overweight and more that the 10 % presented some degree of obesity; the 29, 7 % was at risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. The 41,2 % of students practiced one or different sports, the 91,2 % practiced them for more than half an hour daily and, of them, only the 30,5 % practiced at least five days a week. The principal reasons to do exercises were health, fun, to pass the time, pleasure and esthetic.
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Calidad de vida: Evolución del concepto y su influencia en la investigación y la práctica.
  • M GómezVela
  • E. Abeh
Physical activity and chronic diseases
  • KE Powell
  • CJ Caspersen
  • JP Koplan