Article

Bilateral metastases in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck: Surgical treatment in one or two stages

Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia 01/2004; 70(1):42-45. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992004000100007
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados do tratamento dos pacientes com metástases cervicais bilaterais de carcinoma epidermóide das vias aerodigestivas superiores. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Série de casos retrospectiva. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODO: Revisão dos prontuários de 855 pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de boca, orofaringe, hipofaringe e laringe submetidos à ressecção do tumor primário e esvaziamento cervical radical entre 1977 e 1996. Foram selecionados 96 pacientes com metástases bilaterais confirmadas histologicamente, dos quais 73 foram submetidos inicialmente ao esvaziamento cervical bilateral (ECB) e 23 pacientes que se submeteram ao esvaziamento unilateral e, posteriormente, desenvolveram recidiva cervical contralateral. A evolução dos pacientes foi avaliada por meio da sobrevida livre de doença e do controle cervical. RESULTADOS: Entre os 23 pacientes submetidos ao esvaziamento unilateral (pN+) que desenvolveram recidiva contralateral, foram resgatados 18 pacientes. O controle da doença no pescoço em 2 anos foi alcançado em 46% dos pacientes. Entre os 73 pacientes submetidos ao esvaziamento bilateral (pN2c) ocorreram 12 casos de recidivas cervicais, dos quais apenas 3 foram resgatados. O controle da doença no pescoço em dois anos foi alcançado em 77% dos pacientes. A sobrevida livre de doença foi semelhante entre os 2 grupos, apesar da diferença observada na taxa de controle cervical. CONCLUSÃO: O esvaziamento bilateral em tempo único apresentou melhor controle da doença no pescoço, mas não alterou a sobrevida livre de doença neste grupo de pacientes. A despeito do controle da doença cervical ser obtido na maioria dos pacientes, apenas um terço daqueles com metástases bilaterais apresentaram doença controlada após 2 anos.

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