Article

People living with HIV: stress and ways of facing illness

Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (Impact Factor: 0.53). 10/1998; 6(4):75-81. DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691998000400010
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Available from: Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes, Jul 29, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction: the aids brought obtains the necessity of reformularization of the medical authority structure, imposing the necessity of attention to the patient as a whole and not only to examine the sick organ. Objective: to understand the displayed subject better, it makes important to know the social representations of the professionals and patients concerning the attendance and treatment of the aids. Methods: the sample was composed for 77 professionals who work directly in the context of the aids (professionals of Health and professionals of Human) and 41 positive HIV patients (male and female). Was used the Words Free Association technique, analyzed through Tri-Deux-Mot software (version 2.2) by the correspondence factorial analysis. Results: the results (explaining 73,8% of total variance) showed consensual universes, as well as specificities in the representations of each category. Was observed a tendency to the practice of the biomedical model that it permeates in such a way as much the professionals' repre- sentation as patients one. Conclusion: emerged new forms of anchorage of aids, not only in the sexually transmissible disease or the great plagues, but also in the psycho-affective disturbances, including depression. In all of the studied aspects, aids appears as contradictory and antagonistic pheno- menon, naturalized as ugly and threatening and at the same time as life source and hope.
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    ABSTRACT: Tendo como objetivos diferenciar Estresse e Burnout e estabelecer a relação desses com o trabalho da enfermagem, realizou-se estudo bibliográfico para subsidiar a compreensão sobre o sofrimento psíquico no trabalho. O estudo foi realizado como base na análise e interpretação de artigos, teses e dissertações produzidas entre 1990 a 2001. Embora haja consenso entre os estudiosos sobre a existência do Estresse e Burnout, diversas controvérsias estão envolvidas. São teorias que nascem no contexto da explosão da produção e consumo no capitalismo. Estresse refere-se a um esgotamento pessoal que interfere na vida do individuo, mas não necessariamente na relação com o trabalho. Burnout é uma síndrome que envolve atitudes e condutas negativas com os usuários, clientes, organização e trabalho. É um processo gradual, de experiência subjetiva, que resulta em problemas práticos e emocionais no trabalhador e na organização. O trabalho da enfermagem propicia tanto uma quanto outra situação e causa sofrimento e adoecimento.
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    ABSTRACT: This bibliographic review aimed to differentiate between stress and Burnout and to establish their relationship with nursing work to support the understanding of psychical suffering at work. The study was based on the analysis and interpretation of articles, thesis and dissertations produced between 1990 and 2001. Although there is a consensus among the individuals on the existence of stress and burnout, there are several controversies surrounding these terms. These theories were created in the context of capitalist production increase. Stress refers to a personal tiring that interferes in the life of the person but not necessarily in his/her relationship with the work. Burnout is a syndrome involving negative attitudes and behaviors towards users, clients, organization and work. It is a gradual process of subjective experiences that result in practical and emotional problems to workers and organizations. Nursing work facilitates stress and burnout and causes suffering and illness among workers.
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