African American Men's Perceptions of Factors Influencing Health-Information Seeking
Health Communication Research Laboratory, School of Public Health, Saint Louis University, 3545 Lafayette Ave., St. Louis, MO 63104, USA.American journal of men's health (Impact Factor: 1.15). 04/2009; 3(1):6-15. DOI: 10.1177/1557988307304630
The lack of health information is one of several factors implicated in the poor health status of African American men. Although a growing body of research delineates the obstacles to African Americans' engagement in preventive health behaviors, relatively little is known about the barriers that adversely affect men's involvement in health-information seeking. This article presents qualitative data on African American men's information seeking through an analysis of focus group data. Three research questions are addressed: (a) What health-information concerns and needs do African American men have? (b) How do African American men describe their efforts to obtain health information? and (c) What factors facilitate or inhibit health-information seeking by African American men? The implications of the data and suggestions for future research are provided.
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- "Our finding of no association between being strong and symptom distress was unanticipated. In other research with African American cancer survivors, feelings of stoicism or the need to be strong influenced the expression of symptoms such as pain (Im, Lim, et al., 2008, Sanders Thompson et al., 2009). Im, Lim, et al. (2008) indicated African Americans expressed that they would rather endure pain than take pain medications. "
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine how the cultural factors, stigma, being strong, and religiosity influence symptom distress in African American cancer survivors. This descriptive correlational study was designed using the Sociocultural Stress and Coping Framework. Seventy-seven African American cancer survivors, recruited from oncology clinics and the community in North Carolina, completed a questionnaire that consisted of measures of demographic and illness characteristics, the Perceived Stigma Scale, the Ways of Helping Questionnaire, the Religious Involvement Scale, and the Symptom Distress Scale. The two cultural factors that were significantly associated with symptom distress were stigma (β = .23, p < .05) and organized religion (β = -.50, p < .05). No significant associations were found between being strong or nonorganized religiosity and symptom distress. The most commonly reported symptoms were fatigue (M = 2.44, SD = 1.20), pain (M = 2.26, SD = 1.43), and insomnia (M = 1.95, SD = 1.25). The findings of this study indicate that the cultural factors, stigma, and organized religiosity were significantly associated with symptom distress. The results from this study can be used to guide researchers in developing culturally appropriate interventions aimed at alleviating symptom distress in African American cancer survivors.
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