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Este artículo se centra en el análisis del comportamiento de la producción por persona y el empleo en la frontera norte de México, se compara el crecimiento de la región con respecto al promedio nacional, esto con fines de diagnóstico y posterior diseño de política pública. La hipótesis básica es que la inversión pública que realizan tanto las entidades como la federación tiene un impacto favorable en el crecimiento de la producción y el empleo. Para probarla se utilizó un modelo de panel de datos que evalúa las variables indicadas, asimismo incorpora la inversión extranjera directa, formación bruta de capital fijo y educación. Los resultados no permiten validar la hipótesis propuesta, se encontró una relación negativa entre la inversión pública, producción y empleo, lo que puede explicarse por los efectos de desplazamiento que tiene el gasto de gobierno sobre la inversión privada. Es necesario profundizar en el análisis, particularmente ampliar la muestra temporal, ya que este estudio únicamente se concentró en el periodo 2003-2011.
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... After identifying and systematizing the total population surveyed, households that responded to having obtained income from EPS were detected, based on the information presented by the ENIGH 2012ENIGH , 2014ENIGH , 2015ENIGH , 2016ENIGH and 2018; where a very wide gap is also shown in the economic perception in the individual under study, aspect that coincides in some areas with the analysis made from the employer's point of view in the PM regime. Table 11 EPS revenue according to ENIGH, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016and 2018 Source: Own elaboration with data with data obtained in the ENIGH 2012ENIGH , 2014ENIGH , 2015ENIGH , 2016ENIGH and 2018 From the above, the low perception in households by the concept of EPS follows, because in the first quartile there is an amount lower than the 13.5 minimum wages in force in the fiscal year that exhibits a better behavior of such remuneration; expressing this scenario on a considerable number of households and in a third quartile where the income is less than or equal to 6,000.00 pesos at best. The income gap in the economic remuneration of the labor law studied and that emerges from several economic elements for its determination and distribution, is visualized in the following graphs, where most of the households concentrate on the low perception in the analyzed concept. ...
... and five thousand pesos and only 20% receive more than six thousand pesos. ENIGH, 2012ENIGH, , 2014ENIGH, , 2015ENIGH, , 2016ENIGH, and 2018 Source: own elaboration with data with data obtained in the ENIGH 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016and 2018 For the development of the research, it was based on an exploratory methodology through the study of documentary, descriptive and deductive type; through the examination of legal documents, applicable legislation and specialized files on the subject of analysis and available inquiries on the subject. Based on the descriptive statistics, the percentage behavior between the variables, the minimum and maximum declared by the PMCCs and the results in their quarters one and three were identified, as well as the number and percentage of PM that presented annual declaration in relation to the total of the standard. ...
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En la presente investigación, se muestra un análisis jurídico nacional en correspondencia al derecho laboral de la participación de los trabajadores en las utilidades de las empresas en México, mostrando en el mismo estudio, su fundamentación jurídica y el procedimiento de cálculo conforme a lo establecido en la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, la Ley Federal del Trabajo y la Ley del Impuesto Sobre la Renta para el caso de las personas morales. Asimismo, con base en la estadística descriptiva se exhibe el comportamiento sobre la manifestación del cumplimiento en la presentación de la declaración anual del régimen fiscal analizado, así como la expresión de los montos distribuidos entre sus subordinados; con cifras emitidas por el Servicio de Administración Tributaria (SAT) en su padrón de contribuyentes y datos anonimizados por los ejercicios fiscales del 2010 al 2015. De igual forma, en atención a los datos disponibles de la Encuesta Nacional de Ingresos y Gastos en los Hogares (ENIGH) por los años 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016 y 2018, se ostenta una amplia brecha en la dispersión y bajos ingresos de la percepción económica presentada.
... Romp and de Haan [30] studied a long list of theoretical and empirical works that have studied the relationship between public investment (or public capital) and economic growth, and conclude that although not all studies find that the growth is being encouraged by the public investment, there is always greater consensus on the importance of having public capital for productive promotion. Sánchez-Juárez and García [31] found with data of the Mexican economy for the period 2003–2011 that the relationship between production and public investment made by sub-national governments of the northern border is negative, which they attributed to the effect of displacement of private investment or that had a short temporary sample (on this last point, see the work of Castillo and Garcia [32]). Shrithongrung and Kriz [33] show with sub-national data of the American economy and the method of Panel Vector Autoregression, that public capital has a positive effect on growth in the short and the medium term. ...
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