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Entheogen-enhanced transpersonal psychotherapy of addictions: Focus on clinical applications of ketamine for treating alcoholism

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... NDEs can be very transformative in some people, and can induce positive changes in spiritual development and worldview (Ring, 1980(Ring, , 1984Ring & Valeriano, 1998). Ketamine-induced NDEs appear to be equivalent to natural NDEs and may facilitate stable recovery by accelerating patients' psychospiritual growth and broadening their worldviews (Kolp et al., , 2009Krupitsky & Grinenko, 1997;. In addition to bringing an insight into one's existential problems, the NDE can also generate a spontaneous resolution of the patient's addictive illnesses, psychological problems, and personality disorders. ...
... In addition to bringing an insight into one's existential problems, the NDE can also generate a spontaneous resolution of the patient's addictive illnesses, psychological problems, and personality disorders. These experiences can also generate a spontaneous spiritual conversion and a dramatic improvement in moral character (Kolp et al., , 2009Krupitsky & Grinenko, 1997;. ...
... In addition, there are some anecdotal accounts of patients who had a spontaneous remission of some forms of serious medical disease (Fenwick & Fenwick, 1995;Grey, 1985;Morse & Perry, 1992;Ring & Valeriano, 1998;Roud, 1990). Like NDEs, EDT experiences have the advantages of potentially rapidly accelerating patients' psychospiritual growth, broadening their worldviews, and possibly generating a spontaneous spiritual change with an improvement in moral character (Kolp et al., , 2009Krupitsky & Grinenko, 1997;. ...
Article
Meant to be an authoritative guide for psychiatrists and others interested in understanding and applying ketamine psychedelic psychotherapy (KPP), this paper focuses on its pharmacology, phenomenology, and clinical applications. Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic widely used by physicians and veterinarians in the United States. In addition to its anesthetic and dissociative properties, ketamine also has a multitude of other psychological and pharmacological properties, which include analgesic, sedative, neuroprotective, anxiolytic, antidepressant, stimulant, euphoriant, and hallucinogenic effects. The literature on the clinical application of KPP is comprehensively reviewed, practical advice for using KPP is given, and the pharmacology and phenomenology of ketamine-induced psychedelic experiences are explored, including in relationship to transpersonal healing and possible iatrogenic consequences of misuse of KPP.
... Transper- sonal psychotherapy, and transpersonal research in general, is likely to become more driven by advancing technology through the use of biofeedback and related mind- brain machines (e.g., brainwave entrainment machines using sound, design music, flashes of light and so on; Huang & Charyton, 2008), energy scanning devices (see Korotkov, 2002), intense environment-changing devices such as flotation tanks (Kjellgren, Lyden, & Norlander, 2008), and sophisticated real-time measures of both brain and immunological parameters. Probably new consciousness-modifying drugs will be added to already existing ones as possible candidates for helping psychothera- peutic modification of consciousness, as more novel substances are being developed and used (Kolp, Krupitsky, Friedman, & Young, 2009;Mishor, McKenna & Callaway, 2011;Nichols & Chemel, 2011). All of this may also have an impact on society, as it possibly contributes to a deep change in the concept of humans as being more than just bunches of neurons processing information inside structures of bones and cells. ...
Chapter
Transpersonal psychotherapies tend to focus on the essential role of consciousness, while psychotherapeutic change is sought through changing consciousness states, including identity as reflected in accumulated states of consciousness. One model of how various transpersonal psychotherapies can be integrated conceptually based on identity is provided by Self-Expansiveness Therapy. Transpersonal psychotherapists generally assume that what can broadly be called spirituality is an important part of consciousness and identity. Transpersonal psychotherapists can help their clients process experiences and insights through verbal dialogue, but transpersonal psychotherapies also often go beyond using just verbal techniques to include use of a full array of classic and contemporary transformative practices to help clients get both deeper and faster insights about themselves. In transpersonal psychotherapy, the psychotherapeutic relationship during modified states of consciousness can help clients bring these condensed experiences (COEX) patterns into present experience and decide if and when they want to change them.
... Because the psychedelic is used to produce the mystical experience, this portrays a different mechanism of action from the usual pharmacological mechanisms of common psychotherapeutic drugs. Current research-sometimes clinical and sometimes preclinical-focuses on topics such as treatment of depression (Carhart-Harris et al., 2012), post-traumatic stress disorder (Mithoefer et al., 2011), obsessive-compulsive disorders (Moreno, Delgado & Galenberg, 2012), death anxiety (Grob et al., 2011), addictions and alcoholism (Kolp, Krupitsky, Friedman, & Young, 2009;www.ibogaine.org), neuroses and psychoses (Grof, 2001). ...
Chapter
This chapter presents a neurophenomenological model of psychedelic-induced transpersonal experiences, therapeutic processes that they induce, and their implications for transpersonal theory. The pharmacological effects of psychedelics also enable them to address a range of psychological and emotional maladies. In addition to indigenous and shamanic approaches, there are four main types of psychedelic sessions: psycholytic and psychedelic—which developed from Grof's work—entactogenic, and pharmacological. While it is safe to say that transpersonal psychology could exist without psychedelics, it may be just as safe to say that transpersonal psychology would not exist without psychedelics. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of the multidisciplinary implications of psychedelics for the sciences and society.
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