Conference Paper

Wireless dimming system for LED Street lamp based on ZigBee and GPRS

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Abstract

Currently, most of the existing intelligent lighting control system uses the wired network, which not only has the complex construction and bad flexibility, but also influences the application of the intelligent lighting. For this reason, an intelligent lighting control system, combining ZigBee with GPRS is put forward in this paper. It can not only reduce the system cost, but also greatly enhance the performance of the system. Based on the deep analysis of smart lighting, the design idea on dimming LED Street light by CC2430 outputting PWM is presented. The proposed control network also slows to reduce the power consumption, decrease the management cost and monitor the status information of each street lighting unit.

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... A solution for controlling the dimmer of the LED street lamp commanded through PWM signal and communicating with a data center through ZigBee and GPRS protocols is presented in [5]. ZigBee and GPRS protocols are used to avoid a wired network which needs complex construction and has bad flexibility. ...
... The parameters of the continuous-time FOPTD mathematical model are next obtained using (8) and next (5). Concluding, the continuous-time FOPTD mathematical model obtained for the smart led bulb is ...
... The data transfer from node to control centre and required command from control centre to node like turning on/off the lights. Lucky Gangwar [5] proposed that power consumption can be reduced via street light systems using laser source as sensor and Aurdino microcontroller. Laser sensors are implanted at a distance away from the streer light systems then glows. ...
... In conventional lighting systems, light was switched on at dusk and switched off at dawn by manual operation, and then smart controller was used to switch street lighting on and off automatically, based on sunrise/sunset times or light intensity of controller surroundings [2]. Most of city street lights use the pattern of "full night-lights, constant illumination lighting", which not only causes much energy waste, but also loss of lamp life [3]. ...
Chapter
Energy saving is a major aspect of smart cities, so optimizing highway lighting is essential, as it consumes considerable amounts of energy. However, there is a remarkable potential for reducing this consumption through smart lighting techniques. This paper introduces preliminary design and simulation for a smart highway lighting management system based on road occupancy. Wireless Sensors Network (WSN) detects the presence of vehicles along the road, and controls lamps accordingly. The system is simulated and optimized using a realistic probabilistic model for vehicles traffic, taking the advantage of simulation to provide estimation for expected energy saving rates; in contrary to previous works depending only on rough calculations or real-time results after implementation. According to simulation results, the proposed system can save up to 57.4% of power consumption compared to conventional lighting systems.
... In conventional lighting systems, light was switched on at dusk and switched off at dawn by manual operation, and then smart controller was used to switch street lighting on and off automatically, based on sunrise/sunset times or light intensity of controller surroundings [2]. Most of city street lights use the pattern of "full night-lights, constant illumination lighting", which not only causes much energy waste, but also loss of lamp life [3]. ...
... For ZigBee standard is often used for low-rate wireless networks due to its low cost, low power consumption and low complexity [3]. Wireless ZigBee networks have been applied to road lighting [4], [5], [6], office lighting [7], and home lighting [8], [9], [10]. The wireless network can also connect wireless sensor modules to provide accurate feedback about the immediate environment to the controller [11]. ...
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... Due to the potentials in digitally controllable LED lighting, many intelligent lighting systems have been proposed [4] [5] [6]. In much prior research wireless capability was added to a sensor module in which one System-on-Chip (SoC) is dedicated to process wireless capability and the sensor package has its own SoC. ...
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... It consists of measuring stations (lamppost consists of many sensors), presence detector (identifying the passage of a vehicle or pedestrian), light sensor (measure the external light intensity to assure a minimum level of illumination of the road), Supervision module (which improves sensor fault management and system maintenance), Management centre (the hub of the system, since it permits the visualization and control of the complete lighting system). Moreover, Lian and Li [16] proposed control network. Their research focuses on reducing the power consumption, decrease the management cost and monitor the status information of each street lighting unit. ...
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Light Emitting Diode (LED) is quickly becoming the latest technology in the application of lighting on streets. By combining the concept of Internet of Things (IoT) and LED streetlight, this paper aims to apply the concept of microservices architecture so that the development process can be agile and scalable on demand. This paper also describes the integration between the hardware of LED and Application Program Interface (API) SKPlanet, airkorea and OpenStreetMap then displays it to the user via a web browser on PC or on mobile via http access. Furthermore, we implemented the monitoring of a smart sensor interface with the Internet can be seen from the administrator or smartphone.
... Integrated system for street light control with combination of Zigbee and GPRS is proposed. It reduces the power consumption [3]. An ultra-low-power common-gate low noise amplifier (CG-LNA) is proposed for 2.4 GHz wireless sensor network (WSN) applications. ...
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... The first level network aims at providing Internet via Ethernet or GPRS for longrange communication network, and the second level adopts ZigBee wireless communication protocol to connect streetlights in the field and develop short-range communication network. Similarly, two studies in [44] and [45] briefly propose an LED streetlight control system based on ZigBee-GPRS communication network. without loss of generality, the study in [46] introduces an intelligent streetlight management system based on ZigBee and 3G communication networks. ...
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The utilisation of smart streetlights is gaining more attention in urban planning, as it potentially reduces streetlights’ operation and maintenance costs, offers additional benefits in terms of safety, security, efficiency, versatility, and scalability, and sets the stage for further smart city applications. This study provides an extensive overview of state‐of‐the‐art research on smart streetlights from various perspectives, including smart city applications, communications, control strategies, and cybersecurity, with the objective of laying down a foundation for future improvements of smart streetlight systems as well as establishing a basis for comparing existing technologies.
... The system is based on a resistive sensor that communicates continuously with a microcontroller system, which is turning the lights on or off based on the light level received from the sensor. Another solution used for controlling the street lamps was proposed in [7]. This implementation is based on LED lamps, which are controlled through the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) signal from distance. ...
... Li Lian et.al discribes, integrated system for street light control with combination of Zigbee and GPRS. It reduces the power consumption [7]. D. Ibrahim et.al describes, the design of temperature control with various control strategies using microcontroller with the help of feedback control [8]. ...
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A lot of algorithms are available to optimize the heating level to maintain room temperature. In this paper a low cost and energy efficient control system is proposed which comprises of three sections- sensor node, heater node and remote control. For testing, 2kw heater is placed in 20*10*10 cubic feet room area and is controlled through remote control based on Zigbee protocol. Remote control is used to set the desired temperature of heating system. The two temperature nodes are placed in appropriate diagonal location in the room and send the value of room temperature to the heater node. Heater node takes the average of the two sensor nodes and provides feedback to heater system. This is an intelligent network in which heater node intelligently maintains the room temperature by generating error signal with set value from remote and received average value from sensor nodes. Then value of KP, KI, KD is calculated by using PID and hybrid Particle Swarm Optimizing (HPSO) algorithm and adjust the voltage levels of heating element. Heater node is capable to communicate with sensor nodes upto 30 meters and with remote control upto 100 meters. It is observed that upto 16.94% energy can be saved by using proposed system.
... Indeed, employing such an antenna reduces the occupied volume, cost, and complexity. This has been done for many protocols combinations such as Wi-Fi/Wi-Max [2][3][4][5][6], LoRa/Wi-Fi/BLE [7], LoRa/IEEE802.15.4 [8], and Zigbee/GPRS [9]. ...
... In [6], an ambient light sensor is integrated on a LED driver chip. A dimming system to control an LED street lamp through ZigBee and general packet radio service (GPRS) is proposed [7]. If the LED lighting system is combined with a wireless sensor network and uses the location estimation method proposed in [8], the LED lighting system will become more intelligent than ever before. ...
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... Power line communication (especially narrowband PLC) is one of the most popular wired communication technologies used for smart street lighting systems [11,12] due to its ability to support data communications up to 3.5 km without any repeater [13]. Advanced wireless radio technologies supporting data communications over long ranges using very low power levels have been widely used for smart street lighting systems in [14,15]. ...
Chapter
Over the last decade, increasing availability of Internet of Things (IoT) devices and broadband communications technologies has enabled a number of smart applications in many cities. Among various smart city applications, a smart street lighting application is considered as one of the most cost-effective choices for a smart city today, if relying on existing street lights that are already deployed and networked across a city. Piggy-bagging on a readily available networked street lighting infrastructure, several city-wide services can be offered rapidly and cost effectively. Examples of additional devices that can be deployed along with networked street lights are such as environmental sensors, traffic sensors, IP cameras, digital signage, and more. To enable connections among different sensing and control devices, communication technologies and networks are of crucial components. There are a wide variety of communication technologies that can be used, namely, Sigfox, long range (LoRa), Weightless, Symphony Link, random phase multiple access (RPMA), narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), long-term evolution category 0/1/M (LTE category 0/1/M), power line communications (PLC), ZigBee, IPv6 low-power wireless personal area network (6LoWPAN), wireless local area network (WLAN), wireless mesh, worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX), and Cellular (2G/3G/ 4G/5G). The chapter aims at providing a comprehensive discussion of various communication technologies that can serve smart street lighting and other add-on applications in a smart city. These technologies are evaluated on the basis of communication network requirements of different applications pertaining to their data rate, latency, reliability, and security.
... In summary, the IEEE 802.15.4 Zigbee standard remains the logical choice for the wireless network connectivity of smart lighting devices, as evidenced by its use in major commercial smart lighting products such as the Philips Hue and the OSRAM Lightify smart lights. Wireless ZigBee networks have also been applied to road lighting [87][88][89], office lighting [90], and home lighting systems under research [91][92][93]. ...
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