However, there are some possible limits to our study. One
of them may be due to the comparison of our findings with the
results of other studies, as these studies might examine different
frequency of alcohol use among respondents. Because of the
questionnaire method of data collection, there might be possible
bias due to falsely answered questions. Some respondents might
feel ashamed to answer that they have been drinking alcohol,
even despite the questionnaires being anonymous and completed
without teacher supervision.
The results of our study point to the fact that it is necessary
to focus on the prevention of alcohol drinking among youth.
Given the relatively high number of respondents who reported
experiences with the relatively easy accessibility of alcoholic
beverages, we recommend greater controls of the sale of alcoholic
beverages to persons under 18 years of age. The next step could
be collaboration with school psychologists on distribution of the
results of our study and also the use of results for developing pre-
ventive programmes for the schools. We are also going to extend
this type of survey to high schools and compare the results with
other foreign studies. Another possibility to continue our research
could be exploring associations between alcohol drinking and
marihuana use at high schools according to the study of Csémy,
Sovinová and Prochádzka “Alcohol consumption and marihuana
use in young adult Czechs” (28).
We would like to thank school authorities, teachers and primary school
children for their collaboration. The authors would like to acknowledge
Dr. Monica O’Mullane, PhD., for English-language proofing of the
Conflict of Interests
The project was funded by the Ministry of Education of Slovakia and the
General Secretariat of the Committee of Ministers for Drug Dependen-
cies and Drug Control. Project implementation is one of the activities
supporting the fight against drugs and drug addiction in accordance with
the national drug strategy. The project is registered under the name:
“Cross-sectional study of attitudes, habits and awareness about drugs
among primary school children aged 8 to 15 years in Slovakia in the
school year 2009/10”.
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