Dendritic cell fate is determined by BCL11A

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.67). 03/2014; 111(11). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1319228111
Source: PubMed


The plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) is vital to the coordinated action of innate and adaptive immunity. pDC development has not been unequivocally traced, nor has its transcriptional regulatory network been fully clarified. Here we confirm an essential requirement for the BCL11A transcription factor in fetal pDC development, and demonstrate this lineage-specific requirement in the adult organism. Furthermore, we identify BCL11A gene targets and provide a molecular mechanism for its action in pDC commitment. Embryonic germ-line deletion of Bcl11a revealed an absolute cellular, molecular, and functional absence of pDCs in fetal mice. In adults, deletion of Bcl11a in hematopoietic stem cells resulted in perturbed yet continued generation of progenitors, loss of downstream pDC and B-cell lineages, and persisting myeloid, conventional dendritic, and T-cell lineages. Challenge with virus resulted in a marked reduction of antiviral response in conditionally deleted adults. Genome-wide analyses of BCL11A DNA binding and expression revealed that BCL11A regulates transcription of E2-2 and other pDC differentiation modulators, including ID2 and MTG16. Our results identify BCL11A as an essential, lineage-specific factor that regulates pDC development, supporting a model wherein differentiation into pDCs represents a primed "default" pathway for common dendritic cell progenitors.

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Available from: Gregory C Ippolito, Jul 04, 2014
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    • "Bcl11a contributes to DC development through activation of expression of Flt3 in early hematopoietic precursors (Wu et al., 2013). Bcl11a is considered as a pDC-specific marker (Pulford et al., 2006; Marafioti et al., 2008) especially critical for commitment of pDCs since it regulates transcription of E2-2 (also known as transcription factor-4; Tcf4) and other DC differentiation modulators including Id2 and core-binding factor, Runt-domain, α-subunit 2, translocated to, 3 (Cbfa2t3/Mtg16) (Ippolito et al., 2014). In Bcl11a-deficient mice, numbers of pDCs were markedly decreased and development of cDCs was impaired (Wu et al., 2013). "
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