Treatment of open hand injuries: Does timing of surgery matter? A single-centre prospective analysis
Journal of plastic surgery and hand surgery 02/2014; 48(5). DOI: 10.3109/2000656X.2014.886581
Abstract The 6-hour paradigm for surgical treatment of open injuries should be re-evaluated in the era of systematic use of antiseptic solutions and systemic antibiotics. The current study investigates prospectively the impact of timing of surgery on the outcome of open hand injuries. The prospective evaluation included adult patients presenting with open hand injuries between 1 September 2009 and 30 June 2010 to the emergency department of the University Hospital of Berne, Switzerland. Multiple trauma, bilateral hand injuries, bite injuries, and infections were excluded. All patients underwent a standardised treatment protocol with antiseptic solution, sterile dressing, antibiotic prophylaxis, and surgical treatment upon admission. Demographic data, injury details, and delay from trauma to therapy were recorded. Microbiology was gained at surgery. Outcome measurements included infections, complications, pain, and function (clinically, DASH, Mayo score). From 116 patients (mean age 43 years) six patients suffered an infection (5.2%). The observed infections were statistically not associated with delay to surgery, treatment protocol, or to injury complexity. Neither complications, pain, nor functional outcome were statistically associated with delay to surgery, wound disinfection, or administration of antibiotics. In conclusion, early or late timing of surgical treatment of open hand injuries did not show any impact on outcome (infections, complications, pain, function) in this prospective single-centre patient evaluation.
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ABSTRACT: Rapid recovery of the skin and soft tissue of the affected knee joint with surgical debridement of the wound and gentle, as well as risk-balanced partial resection of the traumatic lacerated prepatellar bursa. Functional aftercare with directed administration of antibiotics only. Acute, traumatic laceration of the prepatellar bursa. Heavy contamination of the wound. Large, not closable skin defect or deep abrasion. Preexisting local infection. Additional fracture of the patella. Limited patient's cooperation, e. g., alcohol addiction or dementia. Subdermal application of local anesthesia through the exposed wound margins. Exploration of the wound and excision of the wound margins. Dissection of the boundary layer between the bursa and the subcutaneous fat. Debridement of the wound and excision of the bruised and contaminated bursa tissue. Repetitive rinsing. Insertion of loop drainage. Single-layer wound closure. Crepe bandage. Crepe bandage until the first wound inspection. Wound inspection on postoperative day 2 with removal of the loop. Pain-adapted functional treatment. Antithrombotic therapy until full weight-bearing. Removal of the stitches on postoperative day 14. Antibiotic prophylaxis (1st generation cephalosporin) for immunocompromised or polymorbid patients or heavily contaminated wounds. In 2013, we treated 50 traumatic lacerations of the prepatellar bursa. Four had to undergo further surgical treatment after primary care. In two other patients, one infected and one non-infected wound healing complication developed, which could be treated conservatively.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Since the advent of microsurgical free tissue transfer in the 1960s, it has now become an indispensable part of limb salvage surgery. However, its application in children was initially met with concerns regarding vessel diameter, increased potential for vasospasm and its potential impact on normal growth and development. This resulted in its restriction to specialist paediatric facilities. With improvements and greater confidence in microsurgical techniques, more units are starting to rewrite the initially popularised narrative regarding free tissue transfer in paediatric limb salvage following trauma. A systematic review was undertaken, using the PRISMA criteria for systematic reviews, of all published literature relating to the use of free flaps in paediatric lower limb salvage following trauma. Methods: Inclusion and exclusion criteria were defined and Medline, Embase, PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception to September 2014 with the following search terms: "free tissue transfer", "free flaps", "microvascular free tissue transfer", "paediatric/pediatric", "children", "lower limb", "trauma" and "reconstruction". Results: A total of 375 studies were retrieved following the electronic database search, of which 23 studies met the inclusion criteria. Two further studies were found via a hand-search of the reference lists of the retrieved studies. A total of 25 studies were, thus, included in the review. Conclusions: This study presents a synthesis of the literature available on the indications, timing, selection, viability, complications and functional outcome of free tissue transfer following lower limb trauma in paediatric patients. Limitations of current studies with potential areas for further research are also discussed.
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