TIC et politiques environnementales : L’épreuve de l’effet rebond

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Résumé -Cet article vise à clarifier le débat de l'utilisation des TIC environnementales par les territoires, afin de mettre en évidence les limites des politiques publiques environnementales qui reposent essentiellement sur l'outil technologique. Nous proposons tout d'abord une classification des TIC environnementales, et expliquons ensuite les limites d'une politique environnementale territoriale essentiellement axée sur ces technologies. Nous suggérons enfin qu'une politique territoriale ambitieuse d'éducation au développement durable et de mesure des flux territoriaux de matière et d'énergie sont deux moyens de dépasser ces limites. Abstract -This paper seeks to clarify the debate about the use of environmental ICTs by local authorities, in order to underline the limits of public environmental policies that rely predominantly on technologies to achieve their goals. First, we provide a classification of environmental ICTs, and then we explain the limits of local environmental policies solely based on these technologies. Finally, we suggest two ways to overcome these limits. Firstly by carrying out an ambitious local policy around environmental and sustainable development education and, secondly with relation to the measurement of local material and energy flows.

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... The conclusion follows: the energy or resource savings initially anticipated by the application of the new technology are partially or totally offset by the adjustment in the company's behavior. This is of great importance for the formulation, evaluation and updating of energy strategies and policies [17]. ...
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