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Corrigendum to “First occurrence of the extinct deer Haploidoceros in the Iberian Peninsula in the Upper Pleistocene of the Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona)” [C. R. Palevol 13 (1) (2014) 37–50; doi: 10.1016/j.crpv.2013.06.005]

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This study presents a review of the large-sized mammals from the Upper Pleistocene of Portugal, excluding mustelids. Following the study of the materials kept in the Serviços Geológicos de Portugal and from other Institutions, as well as from sites presently under exploration, we studied materials collected by CEPUNL, namely at one of the most important sites known, the Figueira Brava cave. The studied sites presented unequal interest. As for as the older excavations, no elements concerning stratigraphy are known, except for the Furninha and Casa da Moura caves. For a list of geologícal conditions and age of sites, see QUADROS 150, 151. In the chapter concerning Paleontology, 26 taxa are described. 12 of these taxa are referred for the first time in Portugal (QUADRO 152), one of them - Equus caballus antunesi - being new to Science. Finally, the paleontological information, together with the faunistic associations allow us to made an essay of paleoclimatic evolution during the Upper Pleistocene. Until the Late Würm, the climate was essencially humid and warm; some taxa, as Canis lupus lunellensis, Hyaena hyaena prisca and Elephas antiquus survived here until the last glaciation, the latter even during the Late Würm, later than is known elsewere in Europe. Climate amenity extended out to Late Würm, interrupted by short periods of moderate cold, that justify the occurrence of species like Capra pyrenaica and Rupicapra rupicapra.
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Die Fundstelle Neumark-Nord am Nordrand des Geiseltals (SW von Halle, Sachsen-Anhalt, Mitteldeutschland) hat mindestens SO Damhirschskelette (D. dama geiselana n. ssp.) und 18 Rothirsche (Cervus elaphus) in den Jahren 1986 bis 1996 geliefert (Abb. 1). Die Funde lassen sich ins Eem (Litt 1994) oder in ein intrasaalezeitliches Interglazial (Mania 1992, 1996) datieren. Die Skelette sind teilweise vollständig aus gewarvten Seesedimenten geborgen worden. 1 ist malig konnte eine fossile Damhirschpopulation hier nach Maßen, morphologischen Merkmalen und bezüglich des Sexualdimorphismus untersucht werden. D. dama geiselana n. ssp. wird hier beschrieben und aufgrund einer Reihe von morphologischen Eigenmerkmalen am Geweih, der Cervicalwirbelsäule und den Proportionen des Skelettes von den rezenten Unterarten D. dama dama und I). dama mesopotamica sowie der mittelpleistozänen Unterart D. dama clactoniana abgegrenzt. Typische Merkmale der Hirsche von D. dama geiselana sind im Adultstadium eine Schaufellängen-Gesamtlängen-Relation bis zu 75%, besonders lange Augsprossen, schmale, halbmondförmige Geweihschaufeln ohne längere Palmarsprossen und eine breite Dornbildung am Schaufelhinterrand (Abb. 2 bis 4). Die Stange ist bei alten Hirschen unmittelbar über der Augsprosse abgeplattet. Die Linea nucha (Abb. 5) und der Atlas haben eine spezielle Form (Abb. 8). Die oberen Praemolaren weisen dreizackige Sporne auf, ein Polymorphismus besteht am P4 (Abb. 6-7). D. dama geiselana erreicht die Körpergröße von D. dama clactoniana und übertrifft die Größe von D. dama dama um 15 bis 20% (Abb. 9-11). Der Sexualdimorphismus beträgt durchschnittlich 10 bis 15%. Bisher untersuchte Damhirschfunde Deutschlands und Englands aus der Eemwarmzeit erreichen nicht die Maße von D. dama geiselana.
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Summary - The finding of a complete fallow deer specimen in the tufaceous-diatomitic formation (Riss II) of Riano (Rome) has given us the opportunity to study the problem of the systematic position of the European Pleistocenic fallow deer. To this purpose we have been allowed to examine the rich remains coming from the Swanscombe (Kent) excavations. They are conserved in the Paleontological section of the British Museum. The majority of these fal¬low deer remains consist of antlers shed while living or attached to the skull; these antlers have been compared with the antlers of the Riano fallow deer, with the Edesheim (Hannover) antler (SICKEMBERG, 1965) and with the questionable Menchecourt (Abbeville) Dama somonensis. All the fossil specimen, included the other bones of the Riano skeleton, have been compared with Dama dama and contemporary Dama mesopotamica. In the opinion of the present writers clear evidences to consider the European Pleistocenic Dama clactoniana as a species different from the contemporary Dama dama have not appeared from a qualitative analysis and from the numerous biometrie data. Therefore we have proposed to consider the Pleistocenic fallow deer as a crono-subspecies of contemporary Dama dama, namely Dama dama clactoniana (FALC.). A short description of the Riano Neotype is also given.
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El yacimiento de Labeko Koba (Arrasate, País Vasco) es un yacimiento mixto, constituido en parte por una guarida de hienas durante fases del Würm II-III y el Würm III y que encierra también niveles que se desarrollan durante las primeras fases del Paleolítico Superior. Son abundantes los huesos de Ungulados que llevan marcas de mordeduras de este carnívoro, así como los coprolitos del mismo. Las marcas de origen antrópico se limitan casi exclusivamente a los niveles superiores. El oso de las cavernas es también abundante en uno de los niveles y los ungulados más frecuentes son el caballo, los bovinos y el ciervo, seguidos del rinoceronte lanudo y el sarrio. Están también presentes el reno y el mamut y en menor cantidad el jabalí, corzo y megácero. Se hace un estudio más detallado de la hiena por un lado y del caballo, los bovinos y el rinoceronte lanudo por otro. Entre los bovinos están representados tanto Bos primigenius como Bison priscus. Los restos de caballo se comparan con la forma Equus caballus germanicus y E.c. gallicus de la literatura paleontológica.
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The analysis and the revision of fallow deer remains from several late Middle Pleistocene localities (Stage 7 of the paleotemperature scale) allows us to describe a new subspecies with peculiar morphological and biometrical features: some of these features are plesiomorphisms referable to the Clacton fallow deer, while others clearly precede those typical of the European Late Pleistocene fallow deer. These latter characteristics justify the attribution of the new form to the species Dama dama with the name Dama dama tiberina. The biochronological value of this form (exclusively limited to the Stage 7 of the paleotemperature scale) and its paleobiogeographical dispersal (restricted to a well definited area of western Europe) allow us to consider it as a "marker" for the late Middle Pleistocene of Europe. Finally, the paleoecological and paleoethological significance of Dama dama tiberina is examined.
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Together with several other megafaunal species in Northern Eurasia, Mammuthus primigenius and Palaeoloxodon antiquus became extinct in the Last Glacial–Interglacial cycle, but they had very different ecologies, times of extinction and ‘last stands’ in different regions. The dramatic contraction in mammoth range ca. 12 kyr (uncalibrated 14C chronology), after which known populations were confined to Northern Siberia (mainly Taymyr and Wrangel Island), correlates well with the extensive spread of trees in the Allerød phase of the Late Glacial Interstadial. The return of open steppe-tundra in the Younger Dryas cold phase, ca. 10.6–10 kyr, saw a limited re-expansion into NE Europe, followed by retraction and apparent extinction of mainland populations, which can be correlated with the marked loss of open habitats in the early Holocene. In contrast, at the end of the Last Interglacial, the retreat of P. antiquus to S. Europe, where it may have survived to ca. 50–34 kyr, can be linked to the loss of woodland habitats elsewhere. Although in both species, climate acting through vegetational changes evidently drove these range shifts, environmental change alone appears insufficient to account for extinctions. However, the possible role of human hunters is also still unclear.
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This paper explores the presence of tortoise remains and its meaning in Palaeolithic archaeological contexts. We focus on two topics: (1) the presence or absence of the genus Testudo from the Early Pleistocene to the Holocene in SW Europe; and (2) the relationship between Testudo and the palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental conditions diachronically. In order to address this objective, we collected published and unpublished data from different sites on the eastern Iberian Peninsula. The results obtained by this study demonstrate that Testudo hermanni was the only tortoise present in this area until recent times and its presence in archaeological sites is almost always related to anthropic activities. Finally, the disappearance of Testudo from archaeological sites in some areas is related to climatic changes and events that occurred during the last stages of the Pleistocene.
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Mesowear and microwear on enamel from 763 teeth of middle and late Pleistocene ungulates were analysed to infer the potential of dental wear analysis of faunal remains as a paleoenvironmental and paleoclimatic proxy in relation to climatic changes and diversity of vegetation available in the environment. Fossil localities including levels belonging to two glacial and two interglacial stages were selected in Germany, France, and Spain. At a temporal scale, results indicate that the dietary diversity in ungulates is higher during interglacial phases (MIS 5 and 3) than during pleniglacial phases (MIS 8 and 4). Dietary diversity is concluded to be related to climate-driven vegetation changes which during interglacials lead to increased variety of potential food items available to ungulates. At the geographical scale, during interglacials, changes in diet composition are evident along geographical gradients. The corresponding dietary gradients are proposed to be related to climate and vegetation gradients reflecting more arid climates in the Mediterranean area compared to North-Western Europe. Species consistently represented at all localities investigated are Cervus elaphus (Cervidae, Artiodactyla) and Equus ferus (Equidae, Perissodactyla). C. elaphus populations are found to consistently have less abrasive diets than E. ferus populations but dietary traits of both species varied largely, revealing a significant plasticity in the feeding adaptation of both species. Those traits are concluded to be related to differences in vegetation structure at each locality and complement the evidence that ungulates have broader dietary habits than what is usually assumed.
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Stratigraphic study of the Cova del Gegant's sedimentary fill revealed different cycles of accumulation of typical interior cave and delta facies. A precise chronology for these deposits, the faunal remains and stone tools contained therein was obtained by radiocarbon, U-Th and OSL. Our results indicate that the Upper Pleistocene archaeological sequence dates between 49.3 +/- 1.8 ka BP, the U-Th age of the overlying flowstone, and 60.0 +/- 3.9 ka BP, the OSL age of the basal deposits. We have also directly dated the site's Neandertal mandible to 52.3 +/- 2.3 ka by U-Th.
First occurrence of the extinct deer Haploidoceros in the Iberian Peninsula in the Upper Pleistocene of the
  • Erratum Corrigendum
Erratum Corrigendum to " First occurrence of the extinct deer Haploidoceros in the Iberian Peninsula in the Upper Pleistocene of the Cova del Rinoceront (Castelldefels, Barcelona) " [C. R. Palevol 13 (1) (2014) 37–50;
Department Prehistòria, H. Antiga i Arqueologia, Facultat de Geografia i Història méditerranéenne des sciences de l'homme
  • Montserrat Sanz A
  • Joan Daura
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