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Environmental Improvement Potentials of Meat and Dairy Products (EUR 23491)
Abstract and Figures
This report first presents a systematic overview of the life cycle of meat and dairy products and their environmental impacts, covering the full food chain. It goes on to provide a comprehensive analysis of the improvement options that allow reducing the environmental impacts throughout the life cycle. Finally, the report assesses the different options regarding their feasibility as well as their potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits and costs. The report focuses on improvement options in three main areas: • Household improvements, mainly to reduce food losses (wastage) and to reduce car use for shopping; • Agricultural improvements, mainly to reduce water and air emissions (in particular nitrate, ammonia and methane) and land requirements; • Power savings in farming, food industry, retail, catering, and for household appliances. The study presents the consequences that the adoption of these options might have on a broad range of different environmental issues, including global warming, eutrophication, respiratory health impacts, etc. It shows that when all environmental improvement potentials are taken together, the aggregated environmental impacts (external costs) of meat and dairy products may be reduced by about 20 %. The study has also quantified the economic costs and benefits of implementing the different options.
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