Among the holdings of the Walters Art Museum is a French snuffbox (bearing a hallmark from the years 1819-38) made of horn and decorated with an intaglio portrait of Viceroy Eugène de Beauharnais (1781-1824) by the celebrated engraver Giovanni Beltrami (1770-1854) of Cremona. Another intaglio by Beltrami, probably lost, but known from casts, is practically identical; it bears an inscription referring to a glorious victory in a battle led by Beauharnais during the Russian retreat, on 23 October 1812 at Malo-Jaroslavets. Beltrami made numerous works for the viceroy. An analogous object is a cameo with portraits of Beauharnais and his wife Augusta Amelia, mounted on a tortoiseshell snuffbox now in the Musée national du Château de Malmaison. The cameo is signed by Antonio Berini (1770-1861), a famous Roman engraver who moved to Milan, where he worked for the imperial family, among others. Even though there are numerous portraits of Beauharnais, no others engraved on hardstones are known. The two snuffboxes are a part of the widespread phenomenon of snuffboxes bearing portraits, usually given as gifts by royalty and the nobility, and offer an important contribution to a deeper knowledge of the production of gemstones and snuffboxes in the first half of the nineteenth century.