The impact of early parenting bonding on young adults’ Internet addiction, through the mediation effects of negative relating to others and sadness.

Addictive Behaviors 01/2014; 39(3):733–736.


The aim of the present study is the investigation of the potential role of negative relating to others, perceived
loneliness, sadness, and anxiety, as mediators of the association between early parental bonding and adult Internet
Addiction (IA). The factorial structure of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and the prevalence rates of it in a
Greek samplewill also be investigated. A total of 774 participantswere recruited froma Technological Education
Institute (mean age = 20.2, SD = 2.8) and from high school technical schools (mean age = 19.9, SD = 7.4).
The IATwas used tomeasure the degree of problematic Internet use behaviors; the Parental Bonding Instrument
was used to assess one's recalled parenting experiences during the first 16 years of life; the shortened Person's
Relating to Others Questionnaire was used to assess one's negative (i.e. maladaptive) relating to others (NRO).
Both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the three-factor structure of the IAT. Only 1.0% of
the sample was severely addicted to the Internet. The mediated effects of only the NRO and sadness were confirmed.
Negative relating to others was found to fully mediate the effect of both the father's optimal parenting
and affectionless control on IA, whereas sadness was found to fully mediate the effect of the mother's optimal
parenting on IA. Overall, the results suggest that parenting style has an indirect impact on IA, through themediating
role of negative relating to others or sadness in later life. Both family-based and individual-based prevention
and intervention efforts may reduce the incidence of IA.

Download full-text


Available from: Argyroula Kalaitzaki, Feb 03, 2014