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Puntos de Interés Geoeducativo de la provincia de León.

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This paper presents an educational activity for 4º of ESO and 1º of Bachillerato in which students conduct an inventory of sites of geological interest (geosites) in the school surroundings. As with other, previous projects, this proposal employs geological heritage as a tool to enable and enhance understanding of the Earth Science syllabus. At the same time, the goal of the work methodology developed is to explore the concept of geological heritage in depth, seeking to understand its existence, the problems entailed and the need for its conservation. Besides the need to apply theoretical concepts and understand the geology of their surroundings, conducting an inventory of sites of geological interest requires students to identify what aspects of an element or site are relevant when cataloguing it as part of our geological heritage, to assess the importance of such aspects, to determine any threats and to consider its management. A project of this kind promotes developing positive emotional attitudes towards the area under study, another of the objectives of the activity proposed. RESUMEN: En este trabajo se plantea una actividad docente diseñada para 4º de ESO y 1º de Bachillerato que consiste en la realización de un inventario de lugares de interés geológico (LIG) situados en el entorno del centro educativo. Esta propuesta utiliza el patrimonio geológico como herramienta para profundizar y facilitar la comprensión de los contenidos de los currículos de las asignaturas de Ciencias de la Tierra. Pero a su vez, la metodología de trabajo desarrollada busca ahondar en el concepto de patrimonio geológico: que se conozca su existencia, su problemática, su metodología de estudio y la necesidad de su conservación. Además de aplicar los conceptos teóricos y comprender la geología de su entorno, afrontar la realización de un inventario de lugares de interés geológico obliga al alumnado a identificar qué aspectos de un elemento o lugar son relevantes a la hora de catalogarlo como parte del patrimonio, a evaluar la importancia de los mismos, a reconocer los procesos que amenazan el lugar y a plantearse su gestión. Paralelamente, este trabajo favorece el desarrollo de competencias y actitudes emocionales positivas hacia el territorio objeto de estudio.
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Mapping is a basic requirement for land use management, as effective protection of nature requires a clear delimitation of the sites involved. Additionally, mapping has other benefits for the transfer of information, as long as it is a comprehensible way of information exchange. The knowledge of geoheritage (geological heritage) and how it can be incorporated into the management of natural areas is an emerging topic. In this paper, a methodology that can be used to map geoheritage is proposed through the example of the Regional Park of Picos de Europa (Spain). Cartography is designed to be used as a tool for both prescriptive geoheritage management and land use planning processes in the protected area. The current examples of mapping consist of two groups of maps: (1) basic descriptive maps, where geosites are represented and which offer an overview of the geoheritage in the territory and (2) applied derived maps, which use the previous base cartography but also implement specific queries for management. Information codified in the derived maps may be diverse, ranging from the geosite degradation risk to the most adequate geosite use. The designed maps also achieve an important aim: They are easily interpreted and, therefore, might be used by many different professionals involved in environmental management.
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