Using Geographical Information System for Implementing Resettlement Strategies in Mining Areas in Kosovo

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In this paper is presented a modern approach for developing and implementing resettlement strategy in mining areas in Kosovo using Geographic Information System. The main aim of such Geographic Information System is to digitally represent various geographical collected data linked to location. The geological map of Kosovo was analogous until year 2000. The lack of a modern information system about miming and settlement areas was deemed as one of the obstacles or difficulties faced by investment decision-makers. The property issues are considered to be directly related with expropriation. Properties registered in the register of rights over immovable property may not be deregistered for any purpose except for public needs. The developed information system will support the calculation of social impacts on the settlements in mining areas and will provide data visualization that will help when creating perceptions regarding mineral source utilization. The full local development benefits of mining can only effectively be realized if local settlement members support and understand mining activities. The most affected area is Kosovo coal basin, which has a surface about 270 km2 and about 44.021 inhabitants with many public, cult, business and industrial buildings. The final graphical and textual data is prepared in shape file stored in data base, which offers the possibility of usage by many geographic information systems. This software application is developed using latest ASP.NET platform, C# as programming language and Microsoft SQL as database server. It shall server as unique tool for governmental decision makers and to contribute inputs to future policy and management decision-making in the mining and spatial sector.

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