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Abstract

A critically annotated checklist of the clearwing moths (Sesiidae) of Crete is presented. For each species the localities known to the authors are listed, supplemented by notes on global distribution and ecology. Specimens formerly recorded from Crete under the names of Chamaesphecia aerifrons (ZELLER, 1847) or Chamaesphecia alysoniformis (HERRICH-SCHÄFFER, 1846) belong to an unknown species here described as Chamaesphecia minoica sp. nov. The taxon Chamaesphecia fallax (STAUDINGER, 1891) syn. nov. described from the Lebanon is a new synonym of Chamaesphecia masariformis odyneriformis (HERRICH-SCHÄFFER, 1846).
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... The results of recent taxonomic revisions and faunal surveys are used to update the faunal composition of 66 countries (Fig. 113 4 9 14 41536 Netherlands 7 2 5 23 33709 Moldova 4 3 1 14 316 Malta 1 0 1 5 789 Madeira 49 31 18 23 25339 Macedonia 26 8 18 1646 25 21 20 83871 Austria 3 2 1 15 468 Andorra 40 26 14 17 28748TABLE 1. The species richness of rhizophagous and xylophagous Sesiidae of European countries and large islands included in the present study (data from Bartsch, 2004; Bartsch & Pühringer, 2005; Bartsch et al., 2005; Bartsch & Kallies, 2008; Kokot, 2005; Laštvka, 2004; Laštvka & Laštvka, 2008; Predovnik, 2005). land and large islands regardless of national affiliation) mentioned in Fauna Europaea (Laštvka, 2004). ...
... land and large islands regardless of national affiliation) mentioned in Fauna Europaea (Laštvka, 2004). Additionally, recent (recorded after 2004) descriptions and findings of single species for certain countries and islands were also used (Bartsch, 2004; Bartsch et al., 2005, Bartsch & Pühringer, 2005 Bartsch & Kallies, 2008; Kokot, 2005; Laštvka & Laštvka, 2008; Predovnik, 2005). For 54 countries and large islands reliable recent faunistic surveys are available (Fig. 1;Table 1). ...
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Recent compilations of species richness for 54 European countries and large islands and linear spatial autocorrelation modelling were used to infer the influence of area and environmental variables on the number of species of clearwing moths (Sesiidae) in Europe. Area corrected species richness of rhizophagous Sesiidae peaked at about 40°N and decreased towards higher and lower latitudes. Most species rich was Greece (45 species), Bulgaria (37), Italy (35) and Romania (35). The area corrected species richness of xylophagous Sesiidae peaked at about 45°N with France (24) and Italy (22) being most species rich. Species richness was significantly positively correlated with area and the average yearly difference in temperature, and significantly negatively correlated with latitude. Island and mainland SAR slopes did not differ significantly, however island species richness per unit area appeared to be about 2 to 2.5 times lower than mainland species richness.
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Detailed distributional data based on material collected and observations made on Sesiidae predominantly in eastern Turkey from 2001 to 2006, are presented. Special attention is paid to species that are endangered and should get the "Red List" status. In particular two species, Pyropteron cirgisa (BARTEL 1912) and Chamaesphecia palustris KAUTZ 1927 were found to be critically endangered and urgent measures to protect their habitats are proposed. Where suitable, the agro-economical importance of some species is discussed. Two species, Pyropteron atypica KALLIES & ŠPATENKA 2003 and Dipchasphecia consobrina (LE CERF 1938), are recorded for the Turkish fauna for the first time. Synanthedon armeniaca GORBUNOV 1991 is here introduced as a new synonym of Synanthedon myopaeformis (BORKHAUSEN 1789). Bembecia mira GORBUNOV & ŠPATENKA 2001 as a new synonym of Bembecia scopigera (SCOPOLI 1763) and Bembecia zuvandica GORBUNOV 1987 as a new synonym of Bembecia apyra (LE CERF 1937). Finally, the taxon transcaucasica (STAUDINGER 1891) is here regarded a subspecies of Bembecia sanguinolenta (LEDERER 1853) (stat.nov.) while turcmena (BARTEL 1912) is considered a subspecies of Bembecia pontica (STAUDINGER 1891) (stat. rev.).
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Chamaesphecia gorbunovi ŠPATENKA, 1992 is recorded as new for Europe, where it has been confused with Chamaesphecia albiventris (LEDERER, 1853) up to now. At the moment it is known only from a few localities in the Greek mountains. Its host-plant in Europe is still unknown, but most likely a Scutellaria species as in Turkey and Transcaucasia. Data on the distribution, bionomics, and variability of the species are given. A simple identification key for the small and dark Greek species of the genera Pyropteron NEWMAN, 1832 and Chamaesphecia SPULER, 1910 is presented, specimens of Chamaesphecia gorbunovi, their male genitalia, and specimens of similar species are figured.
Article
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Chamaesphecia gorbunovi ŠPATENKA, 1992 is recorded as new for Europe, where it has been confused with Chamaesphecia albiventris (LEDERER, 1853) up to now. At the moment it is known only from a few localities in the Greek mountains. Its host-plant in Europe is still unknown, but most likely a Scutellaria species as in Turkey and Transcaucasia. Data on the distribution, bionomics, and variability of the species are given. A simple identification key for the small and dark Greek species of the genera Pyropteron NEWMAN, 1832 and Chamaesphecia SPULER, 1910 is presented, specimens of Chamaesphecia gorbunovi, their male genitalia, and specimens of similar species are figured.
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A list of Sesiidae found in several countries of Europe and the Mediterranean region is presented. Im Lauf der Zeit hat sich durch die Sammeltätigkeit der vier letztgenannten Autoren Se- sienmaterial angehäuft, das jetzt vom Erstautor determiniert wurde, in dessen Sammlung sich die Belege befinden. Fundnachweise von Sesien sind nach wie vor rar, verglichen mit anderen Lepidopterenfamilien, so daß ihre Veröffentlichung von allgemeinem Interesse ist. Einige interessante Funde und wenig bekannte Arten werden hier kommentiert. Die Samm- lernamen sind so abgekürzt: Hü: E.Hüttinger, Ma: H.Malicky, Ra: H.Rausch, Re: F.Ressl. Funde ohne Sammlernamen betreffen altes Sammlungsmaterial, bei dem kein Sammler bekannt ist.
Book
This fourth book on Bombyces and Italian Sphinges regards the Sesioidea superfamily,which includes two families: Brachodidae and Sesiidae, nine genera: Brachodes, Tinthia, Pennisetia, Parantherene, Synanthedon, Bembecia, Pyropteron and Chamaesphecia for a total amount of… species present in the Italian territory.The system classification followed to classify Sesiidae is taken from Z. Lastuvka & A. Lastuvka, (2001); as for the Brachodidae family we referred to Karsholt & Razowski’s list (1996) and made the necessary adaptations as the above mentioned authors list all species in alphabetical order. The subspecies level was not belittled by the systematics we decided to follow, moreover the subspecific groups taken into account are three, and one of them is new to the scientific field. In order to realize our book, bibliographic works covering a large number of years were consulted, anyway we must consider that the studies issued in the last decade are many and exhaustive. They focus their attention on and update The European and all the Palaearctic fauna and are fundamental for our present knowledge. In such a well defined faunal context our book on the Sesioidea present in the Italian fauna could appear obvious in its contents, but the particular attention given by the authors to the dispersion of every species and its morphologic analysis make it interesting for the reader. A large number of information contained in the text was drawn from two recent works by Prola and Beer (1991, 1995) and also from the precious cooperation of many Italian and foreign enthomologists who permitted us to analyse data and provided material for our coloured plates. The Italian species of particular interest dealt with in the present book are the following: Brachodes flavescens ( Italian endemism) Synanthedon typhiaeformis Bembecia flavida Bembecia psoraleae Chamaesphecia maurusia Chamaesphecia staudingeri ( Italian endemism) Chamaesphecia osmiaeformis ( Italian endemism also present in Corsica) On the whole, in our peninsula and main islands …species live and they account for the enormous biological variety living in the Italian territory, which possesses the highest number of specimens among the European countries. In our work each species is defined by a description which covers the following list of topics: - ‘General Population Dispersion’, which roughly sums up each species spreading areale in the world. - ‘Italian Population Dispersion’, which examines the list of the sites where every species lives gathered thanks to the researches performed by the authors themselves or by their collaborators, (in this case reference is always supplied). - ‘Biology and Observations’, dealing with the environments, the generations number, the feeding habits, the behaviour and the flight period of every species. - ‘Sex Dimorphism’, accounting for sex distinguishing elements. - ‘Variations’, which stresses specific variation in the territory under examination. In a limited number of cases such variability appears as a subspecific group. - ‘Similar Species’. This topic, which is the last one in the description, compares the fundamental different characteristics of similar taxa with the purpose of allowing extreme clarity when determining the specimen identity. Every species is accompanied by a population dispersion map realized with a good level of approximation, which permits an immediate vision of their presence in the territory. Completely black maps or partially black ones mean that in those areas the species can be found only in the environments which are suitable for their survival. Presence of a species is graphically shown in two ways: with a dotted area in cases in which spotting is not recent (it has not taken place in the last 40 years) and with the use of homogeneous black colour when spotting is recent. Only in the cases of Corsica and Istria presence of a species is shown with a generic black dot without it coinciding exactly with the flying areas. The book is complete with 7 coloured plates showing all the species for a total amount of … specimens, including the principal variations they have produced. Some photo plates are scale up if compared to the original specimen in order to facilitate identification of the distinguishing characters (in this case the ratio of the scale is printed near every plate). The final plate shows different species which constitute addenda to the previous books. Extra pictures are supplied and inserted in the text, they refer to the outer morphology and sexual organs of many species. Eventually, two tables list all the main feeding plants and activity time of adult specimens desumed by the use of synthetic sexual decoy.
Vori, 100 m, 24.III.2004, alle ex Psoralea bituminosa
  • Mesara Raupe
  • Plain
Raupe, Mesara plain, Vori, 100 m, 24.III.2004, alle ex Psoralea bituminosa, leg. et coll. D. Bartsch. Literatur: Rebel (1916).
Rethymnon: 1`, Skaleta o. Rethymnon, 24,5 °E/ 35,4 °N, 2.VI.1996; 1`, id., 4.VI.1996; 1`, id., 5.VI.1996, 16`, Pass NW Frati, 380-390 m, 30.VI.2004, leg. et coll. F. Pühringer. 25`, Umg. Spili, Frati, 300 m, 30
  • Coll F Pöll
  • Pühringer
Pöll, coll. F. Pühringer. 21`, Halbinsel Akrotiri, Marathi, 10 m, 27.VI.2004; 2`, Pass S Arhon diko, 780 m, 29.VI.2004; 7`, id., 780-800 m, 2.VII.2004, leg. et coll. F. Pühringer. 1`, Halbinsel Akrotiri, Marathi, 30.V.2004, leg. et coll. R. Bläsius. Rethymnon: 1`, Skaleta o. Rethymnon, 24,5 °E/ 35,4 °N, 2.VI.1996; 1`, id., 4.VI.1996; 1`, id., 5.VI.1996, 16`, Pass NW Frati, 380-390 m, 30.VI.2004, leg. et coll. F. Pühringer. 25`, Umg. Spili, Frati, 300 m, 30.V.2000, leg. et coll. A. Lingenhöle. 1`, id., 29.V.2004, leg. et coll. R. Bläsius. Iraklion: 2`, Asteroussia Geb. Straße Loukia-Kapataniana, 800 m, 31.V.2000, leg. et coll. A. Lingenhöle. Weitere in der Literatur erwähnte Exempla re, die Chamaesphecia minoica sp. nov. zugerechnet werden, aber nicht eingesehen werden konnten: 2`, Kreta, Psiloritis Mts. [Ida], N Fourfouras, ca. 1600-1700 m, 30.VI.-2.VII.1997, leg. K. Špatenka (Špatenka, 2001) als Chamaesphe cia alysoniformis. 1`Prines, 28.V.1981, leg. E. Hüttinger (Laštuvka et al. 1990) als Chamaesphecia aerifrons.
Holotypus `. Kreta, Psiloritis Mts. N Fourfouras, 1600-1700 m
  • Špatenka Bembecia Blanka
Bembecia blanka Špatenka, 2001 Holotypus `. Kreta, Psiloritis Mts. N Fourfouras, 1600-1700 m, 30.06-02.07.1997, leg. K. Špatenka, coll. T. Witt.