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Abstract

A list of 88 nominal taxa of mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae) originally described from Uganda is given. The list includes 68 valid species, 7 subspecies, 6 varieties, and 7 synonyms, within 10 tribes, 14 genera, and 13 subgenera. All 3 subfamilies of Culicidae (Anophelinae, Toxorhynchitinae, and Culicinae) are represented. The type localities of the different species are updated for quick identification based on the present political boundaries within Uganda. The species stages that are as yet not fully described in the literature, and those species whose breeding habitats are unknown are indicated.
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... There is the possibility that Cx. pipiens is a recent introduction to Zika Forest especially because this species is associated with human settlements. However, the fact that all 22 species have previously been captured in other regions of the country (Haddow 1945(Haddow , 1946(Haddow , 1948(Haddow , 1954Corbet 1961;Simpson et al. 1965;Ssenkubuge 1965, 1974;Lutwama 2000) shows that all these species are native to Uganda and their recent detections in Zika forest do not represent new introductions to the country. 1955Ð1957 1960 Ð1961 1961Ð1962 1964 Ð1965 2009 Ð2010 ...
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Mosquito collections were conducted in Zika Forest near Entebbe, Uganda, from July 2009 through June 2010 using CO2-baited light traps, ovitraps, and human-baited catches. In total, 163,790 adult mosquitoes belonging to 12 genera and 58 species were captured. Of these, 22 species (38%) were captured in Zika Forest for the first time. All the new records found in the forest in this study had previously been captured in other regions of Uganda, implying that they are native to the country and do not represent new introductions. More than 20 species previously collected in Zika Forest were not detected in our collections, and this may suggest a change in the mosquito fauna during the past 40 yr or variation in species composition from year to year. Arboviruses of public health importance have previously been isolated from >50% of the 58 mosquito species captured in Zika Forest, which suggests ahigh potential for transmission and maintenance of a wide range of arboviruses in Zika Forest.