204 isolation, characterization, and differentiation of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells: an autologous transplantation to patients.

National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India
Reproduction Fertility and Development (Impact Factor: 2.4). 12/2013; 26(1):216. DOI: 10.1071/RDv26n1Ab204
Source: PubMed


Adult stem cells derived from all possible sources of livestock serve as the best possible alternative to embryonic stem cells. The discovery of mesenchymal stem cells has provided the new horizon to stem cell therapy. Adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADSCs), an easy source of adult stem cell has created a lot of interest among researchers as patient specific treatment and autologous transplantation in animals is becoming a viable option. The proposed study was carried out for 1) isolation of ADSCs from dogs, suffering from hip dysplasia or from paraplegia, 2) ADSC characterisation and in vitro differentiation ability into osteocytes, chondrocytes, adipocytes and neurocytes specific cells. Adipose tissues were collected from belly/umbilical cord region. ADSCs were isolated by enzymatic digestion method followed by enriching through a 41μm filter. Filtered cells were then resuspended in cell culture flasks containing growth enriching medium and cultured in 5% CO2 in air at 37°C for 5 days. ADSCs were characterised by amplification of mesenchymal stem cell specific markers i.e. CD29, CD44, CD90, and CD166 and by immunocytochemistry of mesenchymal stem cell specific protein i.e. CD44 and CD90. ADSCs were further in vitro differentiated. ADSCs derived osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes were validated through the amplification of specific markers of osteocytes (Osteopontin, Collagen I); chondrocytes (Aggrecan and Collagen II) and adipocytes (LPL, PPARα, PPARγ). Dog ADSCs were further autogenic transplanted into hip dysplasia and paraplegic patients. These patients recovered well one month from transplantation and were able to move freely. It may be concluded that these findings may have implications for defining the physiological roles of ADSCs in arthritis; orthopaedic ailments, joint regeneration, neuronal disorders, and several other applications leading to novel therapeutic opportunities.

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    • "OA of the elbow joints improved after treatment, suggesting a significant potential for the treatment of lameness. Similarly, Malik and colleagues [28] isolated and characterized canine ASCs, which were then successfully used to treat HD and paraplegic patients. Dogs recovered well and were able to move freely one month after treatment. "
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cells isolated from adipose tissue show great therapeutic potential in veterinary medicine, but some points such as the use of fresh or cultured cells and route of administration need better knowledge. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF, n = 4 ) or allogeneic cultured adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs, n = 5 ) injected into acupuncture points in dogs with hip dysplasia and weak response to drug therapy. Canine ASCs have proliferation and differentiation potential similar to ASCs from other species. After the first week of treatment, clinical evaluation showed marked improvement compared with baseline results in all patients treated with autologous SVF and three of the dogs treated with allogeneic ASCs. On days 15 and 30, all dogs showed improvement in range of motion, lameness at trot, and pain on manipulation of the joints, except for one ASC-treated patient. Positive results were more clearly seen in the SVF-treated group. These results show that autologous SVF or allogeneic ASCs can be safely used in acupoint injection for treating hip dysplasia in dogs and represent an important therapeutic alternative for this type of pathology. Further studies are necessary to assess a possible advantage of SVF cells in treating joint diseases.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2014 · Stem cell International