ArticlePDF Available

Cambodia's 2013 Elections: The Retreat of "Electoral Authoritarianism"?

Authors:
1UI-V1 7I
"#$%&'
!%&'
#()
   
       
    !&
7 = ! "7=!%
R      
8>
./#41K;
.$K>?
#.4
     :
    
K   K
1D8&!&
"!%  ?$ 
!7-
"!7-%WW
<

D8
   D !   

G7   
#>>4
>/ "#.4% 
   .//$ : 
    <
     

1&
.$R

    
:
     & 
O 3 :   

A87=!


 S @     
  !S :  

  K   
  8   
   
     
"
     %
+
       
    
C
     
  : 
)
* 
    )  
*
:      
  !& 
O"
%!

   :  

)*
     
              
                           
   : ./#4
   C  
  E     

    
+

'<.&=".&=#
*)
5))9
!  )  
! !5
 )!   
)     )  . 
5 )  7
/ 
)$-+26
4))
 
) #+ ! 
        +           ! 
: 6 6         
  ;5 )  
  !+  
)      #
6
0:$%&'()*+!
3
:
!&"!% 4..LL.>
.>2##44
2$L>
222W
?$
WW
]..
^.?
4 5 67
O
B0
!7
9
9=0
0-
Y

!7-
"!7-%
.2#$??
?>??L
4L>?4
244#.
42W?>
#>$L#
??#?##/
4??
#/W
/WL
/?W
/W.
/4
K
/
/
/
/
/
/
K
#.4
]./
7
/
7
7
K
/
    
O
./#4
       

    K 
      !7-
A K   
:
!
   A     
      E
     
./#4 B     R
       (                    
    
5
       
 5       
#//
(     
C8

    

1              
 : '    

   8 -
C
!7- 

 E  < 

8    
      

    +     
! O O
=  ! "!@1O -=B%
./#4
  ) 2 ///    
  1 D 8
PJ Q     # .//  

8 -  9 8  
O 1 # / W  6                 
OG7! 7=!  7 6
#L/*
:
   
 !  1  


 ' - 
#$4M
      

C.2
7=!

)C*
 :     
     
R7=!&
 
9  
" .LM   %
  9  
78 =8  &
"7=&# "  2$////% : 
 

    
!=      K
R>$M
   !  
O     
      

      +   

:          
    

     
        
< +?H(
   8
    
    '

  :  
    
      
      G     
<
    A
8(
K
                            
  : 
AO
@=! 0  ! +
   
 8=7    
@
7I@

8
WW       
S:
<
  ! 7- 
    &
   ( 6
  <" 5 "#  +
5)0=)
  /6 <+   
=><)6
O#,-.!
G
I
J
    
   
 8 -  9 8
           
&   
/ 
      
!                          
    
     )*
"(% 1    
 .W    C 

   9 -
   #>L/ :   
     

A     

E
   
      !7-
O
        

     


#4> "#$/

%I0#4$ "
 #L$%   D 0

C  #/W  "  #.$%  
6: C 
   
     
@B0-1
8
     
     
!
     
!:
  A  <
      
    

   : 
      

:                          
          


=&



      
! :  
) *  
       
KD8
(
K<
     

      (
 @
           
C     
&&
       
C     

( 
   < 
       
    ! 
      


8
!S16
 A 3   
 S :    

  !  
    
      
A
-
    

!A

      



6
!7-
  "   C
  %       
    C   
8-
98
    
:
      : 
8   :
      '
D8
") ' *%  


:!
<
 K    

    6  
   
                         


0123#
&7(1!
'
("#>>#%30
3
==B
!G93!
G
8"./#4%3:
G388
=@C
G93@CG
83YYYY
Y./#4Y/?Y<
./#4Z
=ZO
3YYYY
YZYY
2$2?L$'Z8Z./#.ZZ8'-Z
Z=Z/#Z/2Z./#4ZO
3YYY./#4
Y/WY./#4
3YYYY./#4Y/LY4#Y


3YYYY
7EI0!!0S[Z
ZZ./#.^ZZ^
ZZ,[
3YYYYY
D0-./#4Z=7Z8
3YY<YSB[#
8"./#4%.
(  ) 
          #   
5 ) 
  
)
+6
:
3
G
I
J
K
L
M
@
K
M
L
@
    
... However, the July 2013 election was a critical moment in Cambodia's politics. Anti-government forces staged several large protests over many months, accusing the Prime Minister of rigging the vote (Grömping 2013a). ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an analysis of the Cambodian National Assembly Election in 2013, with regard of electoral institutional settings, political parties, electoral campaign, voter turnout, as well as the election results and their implication for political change in Cambodia. The July 2013 election signaled a sea change in the Cambodian political landscape. For the first time since the re-introduction of multi-party election in 1993, the steady increase of vote for the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) has been broken. Political competition has now crystallized into a polarized duel between two contending blocs, offering a first credible challenge to the CPP’s hold on power. Whether the dynamics set in motion by the 2013 election would lead to long-term change or will be stifled in the cradle, the year 2013 stood out as a landmark year. This paper argues that the government’s failure to address social issues gave credit to the Cambodian National Rescue Party (CNRP), and the successful merger between the Sam Rainsy Party (SRP) and the Human Rights Party (HRP) into the CNRP and its seven-point populist manifesto coupled with the opposition party’s promise to fight corruption, such as land grabbing and forced eviction, illegal logging and deforestation, illegal migration from Vietnam, and to protect territorial sovereignty, in this case, referring to the border issues with Vietnam, greatly contributed to the CNRP’s rising popularity. The election itself has significant impact for political change in Cambodia.
... Like Malaysia, Hun Sen and the CPP utilizes a mix of high and low complexity electoral manipulation. Complex aspects of the uneven playing field include extensive control over all major media outlets in the country such as television, radio, and newspapers, and the use of state resources as CPP resources for electoral campaigning (Grömping, 2013a;Hughes, 2006;Sullivan, 2016). Opposition parties are denied equal media treatment and access to campaign finance. ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter
Das Königreich Kambodscha ist eine von zwei Wahlmonarchien in Südostasien. Kambodscha durchlief in den 1990er Jahren einen Demokratisierungsprozess unter Aufsicht der Vereinten Nationen. Allerdings wurde die fragile Demokratie bereits nach wenigen Jahren von einem kompetitiv-autoritären Regime abgelöst, das institutionelle Elemente von Demokratie mit autoritären Herrschaftspraktiken kombiniert. Eingebettet in einen historischen Überblick beschreibt das Kapitel zunächst die Entwicklung Kambodschas während der UNTAC-Mission und analysiert anschließend die Verfassungs-, Regierungs- und Staatsstrukturen des politischen Systems. Es wird herausgearbeitet, wie die Existenz von Wahlen, politischen Parteien und des Parlaments, die Kontrolle über den Sicherheitsapparat, sowie Legitimationsstrategien nach Innen und Außen zur Persistenz der Autokratie beitragen. Die Analyse zeichnet das Bild einer stark personengebundenen Diktatur, deren Beharrungskraft besonders auf der Kooptation von Eliten und der mit ihnen verbundenen gesellschaftlichen Gruppen beruht. Damit hängt das politische Überleben des autoritären Regimes stärker als in „Weltanschauungsdiktaturen“ oder sozioökonomisch leistungsstarken Autokratien von der fortgesetzten Fähigkeit zur Verteilung materieller und immaterieller Vorteile ab.
Research
The Electoral Integrity Project's "Year in Elections Report 2015" report covers 180 national parliamentary and presidential contests held from mid-2012 to end-2015 in 139 countries worldwide, including 54 national elections during 2015. Elections around the world are often manipulated through vote rigging and corruption, intimidation, and violence. Political finance is flawed by problems of imbalance, corruption and bribery. Malpractices have been found to undermine civic engagement, political accountability, and confidence in democracy. These problems arise despite the fact that each year the international community invests about half a billion US dollars to improve elections. But which contests are flawed or failed? Evidence is gathered by the Electoral Integrity Project from a global survey of more than 2,000 election experts. Immediately after each contest, the survey asks domestic and international experts to monitor the quality of an election based on 49 indicators. These responses are clustered into eleven stages occurring during the electoral cycle and summed to construct an overall 100-point expert Perception of Electoral Integrity (PEI) index and ranking. 'Failed' elections are defined as those which fall below 40 on any of the 100-point scales. Flawed contests are rated 40-50 on the PEI index. The EIP is an independent research project based at the University of Sydney and Harvard University, directed by Professor Pippa Norris.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.