Reproduktionsarbeitsmobilität - theoretische und empirische Erfassung, Dynamik ihrer Entwicklung und Analyse ökologischer Dimensionen und Handlungsstrategien

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In book: Entwicklung der Arbeits- und Freizeitmobilität. Teilprojekt 5: Rahmenbedingungen der Mobilität in Stadtregionen, Publisher: Wuppertal Institut für Klima, Umwelt, Energie, Editors: Meike Spitzner, Markus Hesse, Helmut Holzapfel, pp.39-135
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    Energy sufficiency has recently gained increasing attention as a way to limit and reduce total energy consumption of households and overall. This paper presents both the partly new methods and the results of a comprehensive analysis of a micro- and meso-level energy sufficiency policy package to make electricity use in the home more sufficient and reduce at least the growth in per-capita dwelling size. The objective is to find out how policy can support households and their members, as individuals or as caregivers, but also manufacturers and local authorities in practicing energy sufficiency. This analysis needed an adapted and partly new set of methods we developed. Energy sufficiency does not only face barriers like energy efficiency, but also potential restrictions for certain household members or characteristics, and sometimes, preconditions have to be met to make more energy-sufficient routines and practices possible. All of this was analysed in detail to derive recommendations for which policy instruments need to be combined to an effective policy package for energy sufficiency. Energy efficiency and energy sufficiency should not be seen as opposed to each other but work in the same direction—saving energy. Therefore, some energy sufficiency policy instruments may be the same as for energy efficiency, such as energy pricing policies. Some may simply adapt technology-specific energy efficiency policy instruments. Examples include progressive appliance efficiency standards, standards based on absolute consumption, or providing energy advice. However, sufficiency may also require new policy approaches. They may range from promotion of completely different services for food and clothes cleaning, to instruments for limiting average dwelling floor area per person, or to a cap-and-trade system for the total electricity sales of a supplier to its customers, instead of an energy efficiency obligation.
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    Mobilität, Flexibilität und rationale Zeitverwendung als Kennzeichen der Erwerbswelt stehen für die zentrale Bedeutung der Zeit im Hinblick auf den Wandel gesellschaftlicher Zeitrationalität. Sie färben auf den Alltag ab und werden mit den damit verbundenen Werten auf den Privatbereich übertragen (Eberling/ Henckel 1998:11). So sind die Erfordernisse der zeitlichen Rationalisierung und Synchronisierung nicht nur in der Erwerbswelt bei wirtschaftlichen Vorgängen von Bedeutung — ein Stichwort dazu: “just in time“ -, sondern sie haben Auswirkungen auf die gesamten gesellschaftlichen, sozialen und politischen Abläufe und damit auf den Privatbereich bei der alltäglichen Gestaltung der Daseinsvorsorge.
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