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Third Generation City

Authors:
  • The International Society of Biourbanism

Abstract

The way towards the Third Generation City is a process of becoming a learning and healing organization and to reconnect the urbanized collective conscious with nature. In Taipei the wall between the city and the river must be gone. This requires a total transformation from the city infrastructure and the centralized power bureaucracy. Citizens on their behalf are ready and are breaking the industrial city by themselves already. Local knowledge is operating independently from the official city and is providing punctual third generation surroundings within the industrial city and by doing that providing self organized urban acupuncture for the stiff official mechanism. The weak signals of the un-official collective conscious should be recognized as the futures emerging issues; futures that are already present in Taipei. The official city should learn how to enjoy acupuncture, how to give up industrial control in order to let nature to step in. The local knowledge based transformation layer of Taipei is happening from inside the city and it is happening through self organized punctual interventions. These interventions are driven by small scale businesses and alternative economies benefiting from the fertile land of the Taipei Basin and of leaching from the material and energy streams of the official city. This acupuncture is making the city weaker, softer and readier for a larger change.
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... Creation of new public spaces, refurbishing quartiers and developing new spots of activity leads to social and economic effects: reduction of deprivation, growth of consumption, developmental profit, criminality decrease and others. Another researcher of urban acupuncture Marco Casagrande treats city as a live organism and speaks of the third generation city [7]. In his opinion, abandoned and empty spaces are the points where acupuncture methods work effectively. ...
Conference Paper
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... The critical question at hand is how to create urban places within an established built environment, characterized by placelessness and a lack of dynamic and unique qualities found in places that evolved through a bottom-up process. One answer for urban revitalization may be found, through "urban acupuncture", as theorized by Jaime Lerner (2011) and Marco Casagrande (2013). This approach sees the city as a living organism, and as such is susceptible to some of the same principles that guide the field of acupuncture where there are precise critical points that when activated may have immense ramifications on the entire urban organism. ...
Book
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In this frame, we selected a sharp paper on Self-organization and the Potential of a Commons Place by Iris Kühnlein, Loan Diep and Maya Ganesh that examines an experimental project led in Maastricht. The highlighted Landhuis project—a self-organized neighborhood center—is studied in the frame of Christian Fuchs’ theories on agency in societies, and strikes the importance of place in the imaginary structure of a community. Human experimentation is also at the core of Biophilic Design Triggers Fascination and Enhances Psychological Restoration in the Urban Environment, written by Rita Berto, Giuseppe Barbiero, Margherita Pasini and Pieter Unema. Their work based on Rachel and Stephen Kaplan’s Attention Restoration Theory (ART), stresses the importance of cognitive design in urban environments. This question of place or urban place is also investigated by Rachel Singer and Renanit Avitan Fein in their research led in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Kiryat Yovel. Rings and Pulses analyzes urban layouts through the principles of urban acupuncture to understand and regenerate the complex urban area where historic and modern patterns are interwoven. Monuments are also part of a community’s commons. In this frame, Jaap Dawson invites us to discover the deep spatial explorations of the Dutch architect Dom Hans van der Laan in his paper Building to Sustain Body and Soul. The architect’s research on patterns and measures structuring space by methods based on human perception is still very contemporary. Sara Bissen invites us to meditation and poetry through the use of our senses to explore the city in her text The City Smells of Decay.
Conference Paper
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Chapter
In this chapter we will understand how to use the Relational Ecosystem to perform Digital Urban Acupuncture. The chapter starts off from the definition of Urban Acupuncture, and from all its supporting theories and methodologies, to then define Digital Urban Acupuncture: its goals, methodological approach, assumptions, and operative strategies. By considering the city as an ecosystem, it is possible to take into consideration the myriads of microhistories of all of its members to identify flows of information, communication, knowledge, emotion, opinion, activation, and their patterns over geography and time. These can be used to highlight the pressure points, just as in acupuncture, which can be activated to creatively provoke engagement, interconnection, relation, and the breaking of undesired loops and patterns. This allows for both a dynamic definition?and polyphonic?of the well-being of the city, and to activate the identified pressure points in creative ways, to provoke wide results, affecting wide areas of the population. A final section of this chapter explores the issues connected to the multiple forms of divide which can be present in this scenario, and possible ways in which it is possible to confront with them: digital divides, cultural divides, age divides, and more. The chapter ends with an interview with Marco Casagrande.
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