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Third Generation City

  • The International Society of Biourbanism


The way towards the Third Generation City is a process of becoming a learning and healing organization and to reconnect the urbanized collective conscious with nature. In Taipei the wall between the city and the river must be gone. This requires a total transformation from the city infrastructure and the centralized power bureaucracy. Citizens on their behalf are ready and are breaking the industrial city by themselves already. Local knowledge is operating independently from the official city and is providing punctual third generation surroundings within the industrial city and by doing that providing self organized urban acupuncture for the stiff official mechanism. The weak signals of the un-official collective conscious should be recognized as the futures emerging issues; futures that are already present in Taipei. The official city should learn how to enjoy acupuncture, how to give up industrial control in order to let nature to step in. The local knowledge based transformation layer of Taipei is happening from inside the city and it is happening through self organized punctual interventions. These interventions are driven by small scale businesses and alternative economies benefiting from the fertile land of the Taipei Basin and of leaching from the material and energy streams of the official city. This acupuncture is making the city weaker, softer and readier for a larger change.
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... Creation of new public spaces, refurbishing quartiers and developing new spots of activity leads to social and economic effects: reduction of deprivation, growth of consumption, developmental profit, criminality decrease and others. Another researcher of urban acupuncture Marco Casagrande treats city as a live organism and speaks of the third generation city [7]. In his opinion, abandoned and empty spaces are the points where acupuncture methods work effectively. ...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents an argued vision on urban acupuncture as a research-based tool to manage urban territories by taking local actions in specific points. We argue that if based on analysis of social media data, urban acupuncture becomes an informative source for e-government and allows to design targeted urban planning decisions minimizing resources and increasing civil participation. While traditional urban acupuncture method relied on expert interviews with architects and urban planners, which is quite biased 'subjective' data source, urban acupuncture based on geo-located data from social media produced by users themselves allows to account for actual social behaviours. Urban acupuncture 2.0., as we name it here, provides insights into citizens' activities and attitudes towards certain city locations and serves as a solid grounding for taking decisions concerning specific territories. Social media data covers the whole city and involves a bigger variety of social groups; due to these specifics of data urban acupuncture 2.0. becomes more informative and representative for taking decisions. In this paper we show urban acupuncture 2.0. approach on the case-study of Samara-city, Russia, and development of its public spaces. Data used is from Vkontakte, Twitter and Instagram social media. We apply series of data mining tools, in particular, PCA and LDA methods, to user-generated texts. Results show popularity of public spaces by time and location, dominant type of activity and dominant type of users. Results also reveal mismatches between functionality of a public space and a type of activity there. Based on these findings recommendations are generated on how to develop Samara public spaces in line with acupuncture approach: targeted interventions deriving from existing citizens' subjective attitudes and habits towards these places are proposed.
... The critical question at hand is how to create urban places within an established built environment, characterized by placelessness and a lack of dynamic and unique qualities found in places that evolved through a bottom-up process. One answer for urban revitalization may be found, through "urban acupuncture", as theorized by Jaime Lerner (2011) and Marco Casagrande (2013). This approach sees the city as a living organism, and as such is susceptible to some of the same principles that guide the field of acupuncture where there are precise critical points that when activated may have immense ramifications on the entire urban organism. ...
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In this frame, we selected a sharp paper on Self-organization and the Potential of a Commons Place by Iris Kühnlein, Loan Diep and Maya Ganesh that examines an experimental project led in Maastricht. The highlighted Landhuis project—a self-organized neighborhood center—is studied in the frame of Christian Fuchs’ theories on agency in societies, and strikes the importance of place in the imaginary structure of a community. Human experimentation is also at the core of Biophilic Design Triggers Fascination and Enhances Psychological Restoration in the Urban Environment, written by Rita Berto, Giuseppe Barbiero, Margherita Pasini and Pieter Unema. Their work based on Rachel and Stephen Kaplan’s Attention Restoration Theory (ART), stresses the importance of cognitive design in urban environments. This question of place or urban place is also investigated by Rachel Singer and Renanit Avitan Fein in their research led in the Jerusalem neighborhood of Kiryat Yovel. Rings and Pulses analyzes urban layouts through the principles of urban acupuncture to understand and regenerate the complex urban area where historic and modern patterns are interwoven. Monuments are also part of a community’s commons. In this frame, Jaap Dawson invites us to discover the deep spatial explorations of the Dutch architect Dom Hans van der Laan in his paper Building to Sustain Body and Soul. The architect’s research on patterns and measures structuring space by methods based on human perception is still very contemporary. Sara Bissen invites us to meditation and poetry through the use of our senses to explore the city in her text The City Smells of Decay.
Conference Paper
Large-scale urban development projects featured over the past thirty years have shown some critical issues related to the implementation phase. Con-sequently, the current practice seems oriented toward minimal and wide-spread interventions meant as urban catalyst. This planning practice might solve the problem of limited reliability of large developments’ feasibility studies, but it rises an evaluation demand related to the selection of coali-tion of projects within a multidimensional and multi-stakeholders deci-sion-making context. This study aims to propose a framework for the generation of coalitions of elementary actions in the context of urban regeneration processes and for their evaluation using a Multi Criteria Decision Analysis approach. The proposed evaluation framework supports decision makers in exploring dif-ferent combinations of actions in the context of urban interventions taking into account synergies, i.e. positive or negative effects on the overall per-formance of an alternative linked to the joint realization of specific pairs of actions. The proposed evaluation framework has been tested on a pilot case study dealing with urban regeneration processes in the city of Milan (Italy).
In this chapter we will understand how to use the Relational Ecosystem to perform Digital Urban Acupuncture. The chapter starts off from the definition of Urban Acupuncture, and from all its supporting theories and methodologies, to then define Digital Urban Acupuncture: its goals, methodological approach, assumptions, and operative strategies. By considering the city as an ecosystem, it is possible to take into consideration the myriads of microhistories of all of its members to identify flows of information, communication, knowledge, emotion, opinion, activation, and their patterns over geography and time. These can be used to highlight the pressure points, just as in acupuncture, which can be activated to creatively provoke engagement, interconnection, relation, and the breaking of undesired loops and patterns. This allows for both a dynamic definition?and polyphonic?of the well-being of the city, and to activate the identified pressure points in creative ways, to provoke wide results, affecting wide areas of the population. A final section of this chapter explores the issues connected to the multiple forms of divide which can be present in this scenario, and possible ways in which it is possible to confront with them: digital divides, cultural divides, age divides, and more. The chapter ends with an interview with Marco Casagrande.
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Everywhere in the air was the smell of a slow death. But the energy had not left the place. It was everywhere: in the ruins of the bulldozed houses, in the furniture, altars and photo albums of abandoned houses and in the anarchy of the illegal small gardens by the river. [3] The remaining inhabitants were scared. I felt the human energy in Treasure Hill very strong but also that it was now directed towards death, destruction. I needed to make a plan how to tune this same energy towards construction, like turning over the compost that has been the smelly part of the farm just to become the most fertile top soil. I was careful to manipulate these hidden energy flows and the small elements that I introduced to Treasure Hill can be compared to the needles in acupuncture. I call this urban acupuncture.
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In this article I am going to discuss two topics that I feel need to be defined as part of a broader discussion of the future of the build human environment. In architectonic scale I am trying to define the anatomy of Cross-Over Architecture and as a social drama the characteristics of the Third Generation City.
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