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SPATIAL INTEGRATION OF INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS IN THE URBAN FABRIC (CASE STUDY OF ERBIL CITY, IRAQ)

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Abstract

This paper aims to determine spatial factors affecting the integration of informal settlements and in the light of these factors , identifying specialty of Erbil city`s informal areas in terms of integration with the surrounding planned urban fabric. This study adapt qualitative case study method to provide in-depth information about non integrated informal settlements, through the literature review these spatial factors will be determined. The result of Studying previous models revealed that the main spatial factors affect integration of informal settlements were edge commercial land use, internal markets location, pedestrian and vehicular movement patterns , syntactic characteristics of settlements layout (spatial configuration), the bordering vacant land.. The study found when applying the factors on Badawa inner -city informal settlement in Erbil city that the most important factors are edge oriented commercial land use on Peshawa Qazi Ring –road and bordering vacant lands between resident’s houses and main streets surround the settlement. The study concluded that the location, size, and street network of informal settlements are determinant to the spatial factors affecting the integration of these settlements with the surrounding.
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